McKinney, Texas


McKinney, Texas
McKinney, Texas
—  City  —
Location of McKinney in Collin County, Texas
Coordinates: 33°11′50″N 96°38′23″W / 33.19722°N 96.63972°W / 33.19722; -96.63972Coordinates: 33°11′50″N 96°38′23″W / 33.19722°N 96.63972°W / 33.19722; -96.63972
Country United StatesUnited States
State TexasTexas
County Collin
Incorporated 1848
Government
 - Type Council-Manager
 - City Council Mayor Brian Loughmiller
Roger Harris
Don Day
Geralyn Kever
Travis Ussery
Ray Ricchi
David Brooks
 - City Manager Jason Gray
Area
 - Total 62.9 sq mi (151.5 km2)
 - Land 62.4 sq mi (150.3 km2)
 - Water 0.5 sq mi (1.2 km2)
Elevation 630 ft (192 m)
Population (2010)
 - Total 131,117
 - Density 2,084.5/sq mi (804.8/km2)
Demonym McKinnian
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 75069-75071
Area code(s) 214 469 972
FIPS code 48-45744[1]
GNIS feature ID 1341241[2]
Website http://www.mckinneytexas.org/

McKinney is a city in and the county seat of Collin County, Texas, United States,[3] and the second in population to Plano. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city's 2010 population was 131,117[4] The Census Bureau listed McKinney as the nation's fastest growing city from 2000 to 2003 and again in 2006, among cities with more than 50,000 people. In 2007 it was ranked second-fastest growing among cities with more than 100,000 people and in 2008 as third-fastest.[5] In July 2010, McKinney was ranked 5th place in CNN's Money Magazine's list of best places to live in the United States. Also, McKinney is the only City in Texas that made the top ten.[6] McKinney is one of several fast-growing communities on the northeastern edge of the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex. Both the city and county are named after Collin McKinney, a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence, and a congressman for the Red River district of the Republic of Texas.

Contents

History

McKinney was named for Collin McKinney, signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence and author of a bill establishing counties in the northern part of the state. On March 24, 1849, William Davis, who owned 3,000 acres (12 km2) where McKinney now stands, donated 120 acres (0.49 km2) for the townsite. Ten years later McKinney was incorporated, and in 1913 the town adopted the commission form of government.

For the first 125 years of its history McKinney served as the principal commercial center for the county. The county seat provided farmers with flour, corn, and cotton mills, cotton gins, a cotton compress and cottonseed oil mill, as well as banks, churches, schools, newspapers, and, from the 1880s, an opera house. Businesses also came to include a textile mill, an ice company, a large dairy, and a garment-manufacturing company. The population grew from 35 in 1848 to 4,714 in 1912. By 1953 McKinney had a population of more than 10,000 and 355 businesses. The town continued to serve as an agribusiness center for the county until the late 1960s.

By 1970, McKinney was surpassed in size by Plano. McKinney experienced moderate population growth, from 15,193 in the 1970 census, to 21,283 in the 1990 census. By the mid-1980s the town had become a commuter center for residents who worked in Plano and Dallas. In 1985 it had a population of just over 16,000 and supported 254 businesses. Since then, McKinney's rate of increase has been much more dramatic. In the 2000 census, McKinney had grown to 54,369 with 2,005 businesses, and in the Census Bureau's 2006 estimate, the population was 107,530. The current population for McKinney (2010) is rounded up to 128,000.

In 2010, McKinney was ranked number 5 in Money's list of best small cities in the United States.[7]

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2006, there were 102,853 people, 28,186 households, and 23,966 families residing in the city. The population density was 937.0 people per square mile (361.7/km2). There were 29,462 housing units at an average density of 335.4 per square mile (129.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 78.40% White, 7.20% African American, 0.54% Native American, 1.49% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 10.23% from other races, and 2.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.16% of the population.

There were 28,186 households out of which 45.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.6% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.2% were non-families. 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.9% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 36.4% from 25 to 44, 16.5% from 45 to 64, and 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 102.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $63,366, and the median income for a family was $72,133. Males had a median income of $50,663 versus $32,074 for females. The per capita income for the city was $28,185. About 4.9% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $74,790, and the median income for a family was $87,193.[1].

Population growth

Between 1970 and 1990, McKinney experienced moderate population growth, from 15,193 in the 1970 census, to 21,283 in the 1990 census. Since then, McKinney's rate of increase has been much more dramatic.[5] In the 2000 census, McKinney had grown to 54,369, and in the Census Bureau's 2006 estimate, the population was 107,530.[2] The NCTCOG's 2007 population estimate for McKinney is 112,000.[3]

Geography

McKinney is located at 33°11′50″N 96°38′23″W / 33.197210°N 96.639751°W / 33.197210; -96.639751 (33.197210, -96.639751).[8]

McKinney’s geographic neighbors are:

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 58.5 square miles (152 km2), of which, 58.0 square miles (150 km2) of it is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) of it (0.82%) is water.

McKinney, Texas
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.4
 
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2.9
 
58
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3.4
 
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3.7
 
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5.7
 
83
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4.1
 
88
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2.4
 
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2.2
 
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3.2
 
85
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4.2
 
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3.7
 
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3.2
 
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34
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: Weather.com / NWS

Transportation

McKinney is served by two U.S. highways: US 75 and US 380. Collin County Regional Airport is also located in McKinney. The city is also bordered by State Highway 121 (S.H. 121); portions of the highway are currently under construction with the intention of creating a toll-based roadway. Unlike nearby city Plano, the DART light rail train does not currently access McKinney. However, future plans may include utilizing existing railway for the project to reach the city.

The southern portion of McKinney (south of ElDorado Parkway) in Craig Ranch, has public trolley transit operated by Craig Ranch.

Major highways

Railways

Climate

McKinney's considered to be part of the humid subtropical region.

-On average, the warmest month is July. -The highest recorded temperature was 118 °F (48 °C) in 1936. -On average, the coolest month is January. -The lowest recorded temperature was −7 °F (−22 °C) in 1930. -The maximum average precipitation occurs in May.

Government

Local government

According to the city’s most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city’s various funds had $194.8 million in Revenues, $182.5 million in expenditures, $144.5 million in total assets, $24.8 million in total liabilities, and $127.7 million in cash in investments.[9]

The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:[10]

City Department Director
City Manager Jason Gray
Deputy City Manager Rick Chaffin
Deputy City Manager Joe Williams
Director of Development Services Rob Daake
Director of Finance Rodney Rhoades
Director of Planning Jennifer Cox
Director of Engineering Jack Carr
Director of Public Works Hal Cranor
Director of Parks and Recreation Lemuel Randolph
Fire Chief Daniel Kistner
Police Chief Doug Kowalski
Director of Human Resources Tadd Phillips
Director of Library Beth Scudder
Superintendent of Schools J.D. Kennedy
Council Member Office
Mayor Brian Loughmiller
Mayor Pro Tem (District 3 Councilman) Travis Ussery
District 1 Councilmember Don Day
District 2 Councilmember Geralyn Kever
District 4 Councilmember Ray Ricchi
Councilmember At-Large David Brooks
Councilmember At-Large Roger Harris

City Council

McKinney City Council consists of a mayor, four districts and two At-Large members. Brian Loughmiller currently is the mayor and was elected in 2009 to a three year term. Travis Ussery, the District 3 representative was chosen by the council in 2010 as the Mayor Pro Tem. The other districts are represented by District 1 Don Day, District 2 Geralyn Kever, District 4 Ray Ricchi and the At-Large representatives are David R. Brooks and Roger Harris. [4]

State government

McKinney is represented in the Texas Senate by Republican Florence Shapiro, District 8, and in the Texas Senate by Republican Craig Estes, District 30. McKinney is also represented in the Texas House of Representatives by Ken Paxton, District 70.

Federal government

At the Federal level, the two U.S. Senators from Texas are Republicans John Cornyn and Kay Bailey Hutchison; McKinney is part of Texas' US Congressional 3rd District, which is currently represented by Republican Sam Johnson.

Education

Colleges

McKinney is the home of the Central Park Campus of Collin College [5] which opened in January 1986 and has recently added a new library building in 2009.

Public school districts

McKinney is served primarily by the McKinney Independent School District, but some western areas of McKinney are zoned to nearby Frisco Independent School District or Prosper Independent School District and southern areas to Allen Independent School District.

Public high schools

High schools include • McKinney High SchoolMcKinney North High SchoolMcKinney Boyd High School • Serenity High School

In the Newsweek ranking of schools throughout the nation for 2006, McKinney High School was ranked 191, out of 1000 schools on the list,[11] while McKinney North High School was ranked 237.[11] The original article incorrectly stated results for McKinney's two high schools,[12] but Newsweek updated its lists by 2 June 2007. In the 2008 rankings, McKinney High School was ranked 642 out of 1300 and McKinney North High School was ranked 771.[13]

Also in the Dallas Morning News McKinney North High School was ranked #4 in state and #3 in area for football.

Public elementary and middle schools

Middle schools include • Dowell Middle School • Evans Middle School • Faubion Middle School • Scott Johnson Middle School • Cockrill Middle School

Elementary schools include • Bennett Elementary • Burks Elementary • Caldwell Elementary • Eddins Elementary • Finch Elementary • Glen Oaks Elementary • Johnson Elementary • Malvern Elementary• McNeil Elementary • Minshew Elementary • Slaughter Elementary • Valley Creek Elementary • Vega Elementary • Walker Elementary • Webb Elementary • Wilmeth Elementary • Wolford Elementary • Press Elementary • McGowen Elementary

Valley Creek Elementary School, McNeil Elementary School, Eddins Elementary School, Wolford Elementary School, Reuben Johnson Elementary School, Walker Elementary School, Press Elementary School and Glen Oaks Elementary Schools were included in a list of "Best Public Schools in Texas" by Texas Monthly magazine in 2006.

Economy

According to the City's 2008 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[14] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Raytheon 2,980
2 McKinney Independent School District 2,649
3 Collin County 1,700
4 Wal-Mart 1,275
5 Lattimore Materials 1,100
6 Blockbuster Entertainment Group 955
7 Medical Center of McKinney 928
8 City of McKinney 833
9 Collin College 809
10 Torchmark Corporation 800
11 Encore Wire 700

McKinney in the news

The August 2010 issue of Money Magazine ranked McKinney number five on the list of Best Places to Live in the country. McKinney is the only Texas city in the top 10. Money Magazine said, "Lots of towns near Dallas have low crime, affordable homes, and good jobs; McKinney is no exception. What makes it stand out is its gem of a downtown... Though McKinney has grown like mad over the past decade, you'd never suspect it when driving through its tree-filled communities surrounded by ponds, parks, and hiking trails.

Over the last several years McKinney has gained national media attention for the multiple LEED and sustainable (Green) buildings that have been constructed within the city. McKinney is home of the first privately developed LEED Platinum office building, which was speculatively developed by Westworld Holdings, as well as Roy Lee Walker Elementary, the first sustainable school in Texas. Pat Lobb Toyota (designed by Gensler) is the first LEED certified Automotive Dealership (NC Silver Rating), and has become the hallmark for the greening of automotive dealerships, receiving visitors from around the world.

Additionally, one of the two experimental sustainable Wal-Mart stores is in McKinney (Wal-Mart did not pursue LEED status). The facility has been designed to test and promote a number of sustainable design elements and concepts, including photovoltaic arrays, rainwater harvesting, a waste-oil heating system, and two wind turbines of 50 kW and 1 kW nameplate capacity from Bergey Windpower.[15]

The Lifetime film, Fab Five: The Texas Cheerleader Scandal is based on true events that happened at the McKinney North High School. The movie was directed by Collin College alum, Sammy McKee.

A housing development in McKinney, Adriatica in Stonebridge Ranch, recently made the news in Croatia, as it is being built as a partial faithful replica of the town of Supetar on the Croatian island of Brač.[16]

Noted residents

Comedian Abdar Rahim resides in McKinney TX.

  • Tommy Crutcher, (b. August 10, 1941 in McKinney, Texas – d. February 16, 2002 in Port Isabel, Texas) is a former NFL football player. He was All-State football at McKinney High School in 1959, NCAA All-American at Texas Christian University in 1963. He played eight seasons (1965-72) in the NFL, mainly for the Green Bay Packers.
  • William Calhoun, professional wrestler, who used the professional name "Haystack" or "Haystacks" Calhoun.

See also

  • Mickey Mantle World Series

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places over 100,000, Ranked by 2010 Population : April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008 (SUB-EST2008-01
  5. ^ a b McCann, Ian (2008-07-10). "McKinney falls to third in rank of fastest-growing cities in U.S.". The Dallas Morning News. http://www.dallasnews.com/sharedcontent/dws/dn/latestnews/stories/071008dnmetpopulation.43799b9.html. 
  6. ^ http://www.mckinneyisd.net/news/press/default.asp?Display=393 (In the August issue of Money Magazine, McKinney ranked # 5 on the Best Places to Live in the country. McKinney is the only Texas city in the top 10. (McKinney ISD Website))
  7. ^ "Best Places to Live Money's list of America's best small cities." CNN. Monday July 12, 2010. Retrieved on July 12, 2010.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ City of McKinney CAFR Retrieved 2009-06-07
  10. ^ City of McKinney website Retrieved 2009-06-07[dead link]
  11. ^ a b "The Top of the Class". Newsweek. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/18757087/?sort=Rank&count=1308&Search=&start=100&limit=100&year=2007&. Retrieved 2007-06-02. [dead link]
  12. ^ "McKinney Independent School District press release". Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. http://web.archive.org/web/20070930043216/http://www.mckinneyisd.net/departments/communications/pressroom/index.cfm?newsID=208. Retrieved 2007-06-02. 
  13. ^ "The Top of the Class: The complete list of the 1,300 top U.S. high schools". Newsweek. http://www.newsweek.com/id/39380/?s=McKinney. Retrieved 2008-07-10. [dead link]
  14. ^ City of McKinney CAFR Retrieved 2009-07-20
  15. ^ Broehl, Jesse (2005-07-22). "Wal-Mart Deploys Solar, Wind, Sustainable Design". Renewable Energy World. http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/rea/news/story?id=34647. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  16. ^ "A Million Dollars for a Villa in American Supetar", article on Adriatica McKinney in Slobodna Dalmacija (Croatian)
  17. ^ "Throckmorton, James Webb". Handbook of Texas. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/TT/fth36.html. Retrieved 2006-12-31. 
  18. ^ "Local author, detective team up on cyber crime". Star Local News. http://www.planostar.com/articles/2010/03/25/news_update/708.txt. Retrieved 2010-04-05. 

External links

Downtown Dallas from the Trinity River.jpg Dallas-Fort Worth portal
Map in 1876

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