Henrietta, Texas


Henrietta, Texas

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Henrietta, Texas
settlement_type = City
nickname =
motto =



imagesize =
image_caption =


image_



mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Henrietta, Texas



mapsize1 = 250px
map_caption1 =

subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Texas
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Clay

government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title =
leader_name =
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
established_title =
established_date =

unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes =
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 12.3
area_land_km2 = 12.2
area_water_km2 = 0.1
area_total_sq_mi = 4.7
area_land_sq_mi = 4.7
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0

population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_total = 3264
population_density_km2 = 268.3
population_density_sq_mi = 694.8

timezone = Central (CST)
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 278
elevation_ft = 912
latd = 33 |latm = 48 |lats = 58 |latNS = N
longd = 98 |longm = 11 |longs = 38 |longEW = W

postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 76365
area_code = 940
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 48-33284GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1359039GR|3
website =
footnotes =

Henrietta is a city in Clay County, Texas, United States. It is part of the Wichita Falls, Texas Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is the county seat of Clay CountyGR|6. The population was 3,264 at the 2000 census.

History

Henrietta is one of the oldest settled towns in north central Texas. It sits at the crossroads of U.S. Highway 287, U.S. Highway 82, State Highway 148, and Farm to Market Road 1197 in north central Clay County.

Clay County was separated from Cooke County (along with Montague County) in 1857 and Henrietta was named as the county seat. The naming of the town remains a mystery though several explanations have been offered. However it was named, it became the center of gravity for the fledgling county. By 1860, it remained the only town in the county, having 109 residents, 10 houses, and a general store. It sat at the far western edge of Anglo expansion in north central Texas, but Native Americans remained a viable threat to current and future settlers. In 1862, Henrietta opened its post office. The Civil War saw American soldiers leave all of the south, and Henrietta again suffered from continuous attacks from local tribes. By late 1862, Henrietta was abandoned, as white settlers fled back east to Cooke and Montague counties. Remaining structures were burned. Anglos continued to attempt resettlement, and in 1865 after the Civil War, a group attempting resettlement was massacred. A Quaker group again attempted to reoccupy the former townsite but they were killed or fled. In 1870, 50 soldiers and Kiowa Indians fought a battle in the ruins of Henrietta.

After the battle, white settlers returned to Henrietta, this time permanently. In 1874, the town's post office reopened and Henrietta quickly became the economic hub of north central Texas. In 1882, the Fort Worth and Denver Railway reached Henrietta on its southern side, and in 1887 it became the western most terminus for the Gainesville, Henrietta, and Western Railway. The line was later extended to Wichita Falls after heavy lobbying by Wichita Falls businessmen. Henrietta became a logistical supply point for various operations in north central Texas, including mining in Foard and Archer counties. The Southwestern Railway Company completed a rail line between Archer City, Texas and Henrietta in 1910.

Henrietta, though it had settlers off and on since 1857, did not incorporate until 1881. The Clay County courthouse was built in 1884, which is still in use today. By 1890, the population had reached 2100, and the town boasted a 400-seat opera house, five churches, a new jailhouse, and a school. From 1893 to 1895, it even had a college - Henrietta Normal College. It remained the economic hub of the county at the turn of the 20th century.

But Henrietta's growth would wane in the 20th century as nearby Wichita Falls grew rapidly into the most prosperous economic center in the area. The Southwestern Railway line was abandoned in 1920, and the Gainesville, Henrietta, and Western Railway line was abandoned in 1969. By 1990, the population remained under 3000. In 2000, it topped 3000 for the first time since the 1970 census. It remains a "bedroom community" for Wichita Falls today. It also remains the largest city in Clay County.

The play "Texas" shown at Palo Duro Canyon near Amarillo, Texas is loosely based on the history of Henrietta.

The 1995 movie "The Stars Fell on Henrietta," produced by Clint Eastwood and David Valdez, and starring Robert Duvall, Brian Dennehy and Billy Bob Thornton, depicts the Texas oil rush of the 1930s, and is set in Henrietta. [ [http://imdb.com/title/tt0114534/ "The Stars Fell on Henrietta" (1995)] ]

Geography

Henrietta is located at coor dms|33|48|58|N|98|11|38|W|city (33.816030, -98.193776)GR|1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.8 square miles (12.3 km²), of which, 4.7 square miles (12.2 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (1.05%) is water.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 3,264 people, 1,308 households, and 893 families residing in the city. The population density was 694.8 people per square mile (268.1/km²). There were 1,460 housing units at an average density of 310.8/sq mi (119.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.89% White, 0.89% African American, 1.04% Native American, 0.98% from other races, and 1.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.94% of the population.

There were 1,308 households out of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 19.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 87.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,835, and the median income for a family was $40,797. Males had a median income of $27,765 versus $21,335 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,647. About 8.2% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.5% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education

The City of Henrietta is served by the Henrietta Independent School District. South of town between Henrietta and Jacksboro, students attend Midway Independent School District (Clay County, Texas).

Transportation

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References

External links

* [http://www.smalltownpapers.com/listCCL.htm The Clay County Leader - Local newspaper]
* [http://texashistory.unt.edu/search/?q=%22United+States+-+Texas+-+Clay+County+-+Henrietta%22&t=dc.coverage See historic photos of Henrietta] from the Clay County Historical Society, hosted by the [http://texashistory.unt.edu/ Portal to Texas History]


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