- Kushan Pass
Infobox Mountain Pass
Name = Kushan Pass
Elevation = about 4,370 m or 14,340 ft
Location = AFG
Transversed by =
Kushan Pass (el. about 4,370 m or 14,340 ft) is a
mountain passjust west of the famous Salang Pass(3,878 m. or 12,723 ft.) in the Hindu Kushmountain range of northern Afghanistan. These two passes provide the most direct, if difficult, routes across the imposing east-west wall of the Hindu Kushmountains which divide northern Afghanistanor Tokharistanfrom Kabul province, which is closely connected to southern Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Vincent Smith states that Alexander took his troops across both the Khāwak and the Kaoshān or
Kushan Pass. [Smith, Vincent A. (1908) "The Early History of India", p. 45. Oxford. The Clarendon Press.] However, according to some scholars, there is really no proof for this. [Vogelsang, Willem. (2002) "The Afghans", p. 9, n. 16. Blackwell Publishers. Oxford.] .
It is likely that the Pass was named after the
Kushandynasty which had a number of important sites in the region of Baghlan, to the north of the passes (dating from the 1st century BCE to the 2nd century CE), including the majestic fortified dynastic temple of Surkh Kotaland Rabatak where the fascinating Rabatak inscriptionlisting the names of the early Kushan kings, and providing evidence on the date of the beginning of the Kanishka era was found a few years ago.
It seems it is the Yangi-Yuli, or "New Road" of
Babur(1483-1530), the conqueror of northern India and founder of the Mughal Dynasty. [Wood, John (1872) "A Journey to the Source of the River Oxus. With an essay on the Geography of the Valley of the Oxus by Colonel Henry Yule". London: John Murray, p. lxxiv.]
Both these passes, so important for the early history of Afghanistan, are now bypassed by the paved road that runs through the
Salang tunnelunder the Salang Pass, completed by the Soviets in 1964, at a height of about 3,400 m. It links Charikarand Kabulwith Kunduz, Khulm, Mazari Sharifand Termez..
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