John de Menteith
Sir John de Menteith (c. 1275 - c. 1323) was a Scottish nobleman.
He was born to Mary, Countess of Menteith and her husband Walter "Bailloch" Stewart, Earl of Menteith "
jure uxoris". He and his older brother, Alexander, Earl of Menteith, replaced their paternal "Stewart" surname in favour of "Menteith", which earned him the nickname "Fause" (False) "Menteith". John possessed the land of Ruskie, Stirlingshire,
He was Governor of
Dumbarton Castle, an appointment made by Edward I who was keen to secure the fortification as a major access route into Scotland by sea. Tradition has it that Menteith betrayed Sir William Wallaceto English soldiers, which led to Wallace's death and his later nickname "Fause Menteith" ("Menteith the treacherous"). Wyntoun, whose "Metrical Chronicle" was written in 1418, says:"Schyre Jhon of Menteith in tha days"
"Tuk in Glasgow William Walays;"
"And sent hym until Ingland sune,"
"There was he quartayrd and undone."
The English chronicler
Piers Langtoftstates that Menteith discovered the retreat of Wallace through the treacherous information of Jack Short, his servant, and that he came under cover of night and seized him in bed. A passage in the "Scala Chronica", quoted by Leland, says, "William Walleys was taken of the Counte of Menteith, about Glasgow, and sent to King Edward, and after was hanged, drawn, and quartered at London."
Menteith married Helena, daughter of
Gartnait, Earl of Mar, by whom he had two sons and one daughter known by name, namely, Sir John de Menteith the younger, Walter and Johanna. He was said to have had two other daughters.
Wars of Scottish Independence
* Paul, James Balfour, "The Scots Peerage", Vol. VI, (Edinburgh, 1909)
* [http://www.electricscotland.com/WEBCLANS/families/menteith.htm History of the Earldom of Menteith (Electric Scotland)]
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