Federal law enforcement in the United States

Federal law enforcement in the United States

The federal Government of the United States empowers a wide range of law enforcement agencies to maintain law and public order related to matters affecting the country as a whole.

These agencies are a mixture of direct law enforcement agencies, for example the Federal Bureau of Investigation, regulatory authorities with law enforcement powers, for example the United States Environmental Protection Agency, and other agencies with police units, for example the United States Department of Veterans Affairs Police.


Federal law enforcement in the United States is well over two hundred years old. For example, the Postal Inspection Service can trace its origins back to 1772 [cite web |url=http://www.usps.com/postalinspectors/ischrono.htm |title=Chronology of U.S. Postal Inspection Service |dateaccessed 2007-01-08] .

List of agencies and units of agencies

Department of Agriculture (USDA)

*Office of Inspector General (USDAOIG)
*US Forest Service (USFS)
**U.S. Forest Service Law Enforcement and Investigations (USFSLEI)

=Department of Commerce (DOC)=

*Bureau of Industry and Security, Office of Export Enforcement (DOCOEE)
*National Insitute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
*National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS)
**National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Fisheries Office for Law Enforcement
*Office of Security (DOCOS)
*Office of Inspector General (DOCOIG)

=Department of Defense (DOD)=

*Defense Criminal Investigative Service (DCIS)
*Defense Logistics Agency (DODDLA)
*Department of Defense Police (DOD Police)
*National Security Agency (NSA)
*National Security Agency Police (NSA Police)
*Office of Inspector General (DODOIG)
*Pentagon Force Protection Agency (PFPA)
**United States Pentagon Police (USPPD)

Department of the Air Force

*Air Force Office of Special Investigations (AFOSI)
*Air Force Security Forces

=Department of the Army=

*United States Army Criminal Investigation Command (Army CIC)
*United States Army Military Police Corps

= Department of the Navy=

*Naval Criminal Investigative Service (NCIS)
*Office of Naval Intelligence Police (ONI Police)
*Marine Corps Provost Marshal's Office (USMC military police)
*Master-at-Arms (U.S. Navy military police)

=Department of Education=

*Office of the Inspector General (EDOIG)

=Department of Energy (DOE)=

*Office of Inspector General (DOEOIG)
*Office of Health, Safety and Security (DOEHSS)
*Office of Secure Transportation

=Department of Health and Human Services=

*Food and Drug Administration (HHSFDA)
**Office of Criminal Investigations
*National Institutes of Health (NIH)
**National Institutes of Health Police (NIH Police)
*Office of Inspector General (HSSOIG)

=Department of Homeland Security (DHS)=

*Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC)
*United States Citizenship and Immigration Services
*United States Coast Guard (USCG)
*Coast Guard Investigative Service (CGIS)
*United States Customs and Border Protection (CBP)
**United States Border Patrol (USBP)
*United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)
*United States Federal Protective Service (FPS)
*United States Secret Service (USSS)
*White House Police Force - Merged into the USSS in 1930
*Federal Air Marshal Service (FAMS)

Department of Housing and Urban Development

*Office of Inspector General (HUDOIG)
*Protective Service Division (HUDPSD)

Department of the Interior (USDI)

*Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA)
**Bureau of Indian Affairs Police (BIA Police)
*Bureau of Land Management (BLM)
**Bureau of Land Management Office of Law Enforcement (BLM Rangers)
*Bureau of Reclamation (BOR)
**Bureau of Reclamation Office of Law Enforcement (BOR Rangers)
**Hoover Dam Police
*National Park Service (NPS)
**United States Park Rangers
**United States Park Police
*Office of Inspector General (DOIOIG)
*Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE)
*United States Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS)
**FWS Office of Law Enforcement

=Department of Justice (USDOJ)=

*Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF)
*Drug Enforcement Administration (since 1973)
**Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs (1968 - 73)
***Federal Bureau of Narcotics (1930 - 68)
****Bureau of Prohibition (1927 - 33)
***Bureau of Drug Abuse Control (1966 - 68)
*Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
**Federal Bureau of Investigation Police (FBI Police)
*Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP)
*Office of Inspector General (DOJOIG)
*United States Marshals Service (USMS)
*United States Probation Office (USPO)
*United States Pretrial Services (USPS)

=Department of Labor=

*Office of Inspector General (DOLOIG)

=Department of State (DOS)=

*Bureau of Diplomatic Security (DS)
**Diplomatic Security Service (DSS)
*Office of Inspector General (SDOIG)

=Department of Transportation=

*Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
*National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)
*Office of Inspector General (DOTOIG)

Department of Treasury

*Bureau of Engraving and Printing (BEP)
**Bureau of Engraving and Printing Police (BEP Police)
*Finance Crimes Enforcement Network (FINCEN)
*Internal Revenue Service Criminal Investigations Division (IRSC)
*Office of Inspector General (TREASOIG)
*Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration (TIGTA)
*United States Mint Police (USMP)
*United States Treasury Police - merged into the US Secret Service Uniformed Division in 1986.

=Department of Veterans Affairs=

*Office of Inspector General (VAOIG)
*Veterans Affairs Police

United States Environmental Protection Agency

*Criminal Investigation Division (EPACID)
*Office of Inspector General (EPAOIG)

Other Major Federal Law Enforcement Agencies

*Administrative Services of the U. S. Courts, Office of Probation and Pretrial Services (AOUSC)
**United States Supreme Court Police
*Amtrak Police
*Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, Office of Inspector General (FDICOIG)
*Federal Reserve Police
*General Services Administration, Office of Inspector General (GSAOIG)
*Government Printing Office, Office of Inspector General (GPOOIG)
*Government Printing Office, Security Services (GPOPS)
*Library of Congress, Office or Security and Emergency Preparedness (LOC)
*National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Office of Inspector General (NASAOIG)
*Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Office of Inspector General (NRCOIG)
*Office of Personnel Management, Office of Inspector General (OPMOIG)
*Railroad Retirement Board, Office of Inspector General (RRBOIG)
*Small Business Administration, Office of Inspector General (SBAOIG)
*Smithsonian Institution, Office of Protection Services (SI)
**Smithsonian Institution, National Zoological Park Police (NZPP)
*Social Security Administration Office of Inspector General (SSAOIG)
*Tennessee Valley Authority Office of Inspector General (TVAOIG)
*Tennessee Valley Authority Police (TVAP)
*United States Capitol Police (USCP)
**Library of Congress Police
*United States Agency for International Development, Office of Inspector General (AIDOIG)
*United States Postal Service, Office of Inspector General (USPSOIG)
*United States Postal Inspection Service (USPIS)


ee also

*Law enforcement in the United States

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