Tjängvide image stone
The Tjängvide [
IPAIPA|/ɕɛŋviːdə/] image stone (G 110) is an image stonewhich was discovered in 1844 on the farm of Tjängvide on Gotland, but it is presently located in the Swedish Museum of National Antiquitiesin Stockholm.The article " [http://runeberg.org/nfci/0129.html Tjängvidestenen] " in " Nordisk familjebok" (1919)] It is a flat slab of limestonewhich measures 1.7 metres in height, is 1.2 metres wide and 0.3 metres thick. The stone is probably pagan in origin as no trace of Christian elements has been found. One of the images on the stone has been taken as the logo of the Swedish museum of National Antiquities.
The stone is decorated with several figures in an upper and a lower field, which are separated by a braided pattern that resembles
valknuts. In the upper field, there is a large eight-footed horse and a small rider who is offered a drinking hornby a lady, and there are also some other figures, such as a quadruped animal and some less discernible images.
The rider on his horse is usually identified with
Odinon his eight-legged horse Sleipnir, or a dead man who is arriving at Valhallaon Odin's horse. [http://www.historiska.se/historia/jarnaldern/vikingar/hedniskagudar/relaterade-bilder-hedniska-gudar/ryttare/ The presentation of the logo] of the Swedish Museum of National Antiquitiesin Stockholm, retrieved March 9, 2008.] Schön, Ebbe. (2004). Asa-Tors hammare, Gudar och jättar i tro och tradition. Fält & Hässler, Värnamo. p. 86] The lady is identified as a valkyrie.
There are also alternative interpretations of the imagery, and it has been suggested that the rider is
Sigurdwho is riding on Grani(an offspring of Sleipnir) and that the welcoming lady is Grimhildwho is welcoming Sigurd to the court of the Gjukungs. It is also possible that the eight legs symbolize the high speed of the horse and that the rider is a living man who is welcomed by his wife. The man behind the lady appears to carry a bow and he may be a dead man who is hunting and the quadruped may be his dog.
runic inscriptionto the left of the field is the runic row, but several of the runes are lost. In the runic inscription to the right of the lower field, half of the runes may be lost. The runic inscription does not separate the words from each other and the runes are short-twig runes. Below follows the inscription as it is presented by the Rundataproject: Rundata]
*A fuorkhn... ...fuþr-...
*B ... (r)aisti stainin aft iurulf bruþur sin ÷ sikuif(i)r(t)(u)(a)(n)k(i)sifil
Transcription into Old Norse
*B ... ræisti stæininn æftiR Hiorulf/Iorulf, broður sinn ...
Translation in English
*B ... raised the stone in memory of Hjôrulfr/Jórulfr, his brother ...
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