Waste management in Hong Kong

In the densely populated city of Hong Kong, waste is a troublesome issue. The city generates around 6.4 million tons of waste each year, and in eight years' time, its existing landfills are expected to be full. The government has introduced waste management schemes and delivered education to the public. On the commercial side, producers are taking up measures to reduce waste.

Overview

In Hong Kong, wastes generated can be categorized as municipal solid waste, construction and demolition waste, chemical waste and other special waste including clinical waste, animal carcasses, livestock waste, radioactive waste, grease trap waste and waterworks/sewage sludges.

tatistics

Hong Kong Environmental Protection Department provides data and statistics [ [http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/english/environmentinhk/waste/data/waste_data.html EPD - Data & Statistics ] ]

Processing

Wastes in Hong Kong are first collected from disposal bins to refuse transfer stations (RTS). After they are compacted and containerized,they are delivered to disposal lands or recycling centers.

Waste Collection

There are hundreds of collectors in the city where wastes are located before transferring to refuse transfer stations. [ [http://www.foe.org.hk/welcome/geten.asp?language=en&id_path=1,%207,%2026,%203008,%203144 Friends of the Earth (HK) ] ]

Waste Transport

There are seven refuse transfer stations in the city. They serve as centralised collection points for the transfer of waste to the strategic landfills.Hong Kong landfills are good.

Waste Recycling

Waste Disposal

Landfill

Hong Kong has 3 strategic landfills in use: [ [http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/english/environmentinhk/waste/prob_solutions/msw_lgu.html Landfill Gas Utilization] ] [ [http://wasteage.com/mag/waste_hong_kong_expands/ Hong Kong Expands Municipal Solid Waste Management System Into The Future] ] [ [http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/english/environmentinhk/waste/prob_solutions/iwdp.html Implementation of Waste Disposal Plan] ]
* North East New Territories Landfill (NENT) - located in Ta Kwu Ling. [ [http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/textonly/english/environmentinhk/waste/prob_solutions/msw_nent.html North East New Territories (NENT) Landfill] ] Since 1995.
* South East New Territories Landfill (SENT) - located in Junk Bay, Tseung Kwan O. Since 1994.
* West New Territories Landfill (WENT) - located at Nim Wan, Tuen Mun. Since 1993.

There are also 13 closed landfills. [ [http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/english/environmentinhk/waste/prob_solutions/msw_lgu.html Landfill Gas Utilization] ] The closed landfills are reconstructed to facilities such as golf courses, multi-purpose grass pitches, rest gardens, ecological parks, etc. Greenhouse gases emitted from closed landfills are used for energy. The closed landfills are: [ [http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/english/environmentinhk/waste/prob_solutions/iwdp.html Implementation of Waste Disposal Plan] ]
# Jordan Valley Landfill
# Ma Yau Tong Central Landfill
# Ma Yau Tong West Landfill
# Sai Tso Wan Landfill - converted into the Sai Tso Wan Recreation Ground
# Ngau Chi Wan Landfill
# Shuen Wan Landfill
# Tseung Kwan O Landfills
# Ma Tso Lung Landfill
# Siu Lang Shui Landfill
# Ngau Tam Mei Landfill
# Pillar Point Valley Landfill
# Gin Drinkers Bay Landfill

NGO campaigns

Friends of the Earth

Friends of the Earth is one of the local green groups in Hong Kong. One of its campaigns emphasizes on setting up an all-inclusive recycling system. [http://www.foe.org.hk/welcome/geten.asp?language=en&id_path=1,%207,%2026,%203008,%203144—]

Green Power

Many of the activities of Green Power are related to waste control and management. Green Power organizes an on-going "Zero Waste Action", aiming to cut waste from its origins. [ [http://www.greenpower.org.hk/gp/activities/e_activities_zerowaste.asp Green Power - Activities ] ]

Controversies

New landfills

Expansion of current landfills

References

External links

* [http://oldweb.northampton.ac.uk/aps/env/Wasteresource/1999/Apr99/99april43.htm Restoring Hong Kong's Landfills]
* [http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/eindex.html Hong Kong Environmental Protection Department]
* [http://www.foe.org.hk/ Friends of the Earth]
* [http://www.greenpower.org.hk Green Power]


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