Waste management in Hong Kong
In the densely populated city of
Hong Kong, waste is a troublesome issue. The city generates around 6.4 million tons of waste each year, and in eight years' time, its existing landfills are expected to be full. The government has introduced waste managementschemes and delivered education to the public. On the commercial side, producers are taking up measures to reduce waste.
In Hong Kong, wastes generated can be categorized as municipal
solid waste, construction and demolition waste, chemical wasteand other special waste including clinical waste, animal carcasses, livestock waste, radioactive waste, grease trap waste and waterworks/sewage sludges.
Environmental Protection Departmentprovides data and statistics [ [http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/english/environmentinhk/waste/data/waste_data.html EPD - Data & Statistics ] ]
Wastes in Hong Kong are first collected from disposal bins to refuse transfer stations (RTS). After they are compacted and containerized,they are delivered to disposal lands or recycling centers.
There are hundreds of collectors in the city where wastes are located before transferring to refuse transfer stations. [ [http://www.foe.org.hk/welcome/geten.asp?language=en&id_path=1,%207,%2026,%203008,%203144 Friends of the Earth (HK) ] ]
There are seven
refuse transfer stationsin the city. They serve as centralised collection points for the transfer of waste to the strategic landfills.Hong Kong landfills are good.
Hong Kong has 3 strategic landfills in use: [ [http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/english/environmentinhk/waste/prob_solutions/msw_lgu.html Landfill Gas Utilization] ] [ [http://wasteage.com/mag/waste_hong_kong_expands/ Hong Kong Expands Municipal Solid Waste Management System Into The Future] ] [ [http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/english/environmentinhk/waste/prob_solutions/iwdp.html Implementation of Waste Disposal Plan] ]
* North East
New TerritoriesLandfill (NENT) - located in Ta Kwu Ling. [ [http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/textonly/english/environmentinhk/waste/prob_solutions/msw_nent.html North East New Territories (NENT) Landfill] ] Since 1995.
* South East New Territories Landfill (SENT) - located in
Junk Bay, Tseung Kwan O. Since 1994.
* West New Territories Landfill (WENT) - located at
Nim Wan, Tuen Mun. Since 1993.
There are also 13 closed landfills. [ [http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/english/environmentinhk/waste/prob_solutions/msw_lgu.html Landfill Gas Utilization] ] The closed landfills are reconstructed to facilities such as
golf courses, multi-purpose grass pitches, rest gardens, ecological parks, etc. Greenhouse gases emitted from closed landfills are used for energy. The closed landfills are: [ [http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/english/environmentinhk/waste/prob_solutions/iwdp.html Implementation of Waste Disposal Plan] ]
# Jordan Valley Landfill
Ma Yau TongCentral Landfill
# Ma Yau Tong West Landfill
Sai Tso WanLandfill - converted into the Sai Tso Wan Recreation Ground
Ngau Chi WanLandfill
Tseung Kwan OLandfills
Ma Tso LungLandfill
Siu Lang ShuiLandfill
Ngau Tam MeiLandfill
Pillar Point ValleyLandfill
Gin Drinkers BayLandfill
Friends of the Earth
Friends of the Earthis one of the local green groups in Hong Kong. One of its campaigns emphasizes on setting up an all-inclusive recycling system. [http://www.foe.org.hk/welcome/geten.asp?language=en&id_path=1,%207,%2026,%203008,%203144—]
Many of the activities of
Green Powerare related to waste control and management. Green Power organizes an on-going " Zero Waste Action", aiming to cut waste from its origins. [ [http://www.greenpower.org.hk/gp/activities/e_activities_zerowaste.asp Green Power - Activities ] ]
Expansion of current landfills
* [http://oldweb.northampton.ac.uk/aps/env/Wasteresource/1999/Apr99/99april43.htm Restoring Hong Kong's Landfills]
* [http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/eindex.html Hong Kong Environmental Protection Department]
* [http://www.foe.org.hk/ Friends of the Earth]
* [http://www.greenpower.org.hk Green Power]
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