- Political and Economic Planning
Political and Economic Planning (PEP) was a British policy
think tank, formed in 1931in response to Max Nicholson's article "A National Plan for Britain" published in February of that year in Gerald Barry's magazine "The Week-End Review".
The original members included Nicholson and Barry, the zoologist
Julian Huxley, the agronomist Leonard Elmhirst, the financier Sir Basil Blackett, the civil servants Dennis Routh and Sir Henry Bunbury, the research chemist Michael Zvegintzov, and Israel Sieff, a director of Marks & Spencer[Huxley, J.S. (1970) "Memories". Allen & Unwin: London ISBN 0-04-925006-X p.210. ] . Sieff was Chairman in the 1930s, followed by Elmhirst in 1939 and by Nicholson in 1953 [http://www.dartingtonarchive.org.uk/lke_pep.html Papers of Leonard Knight Elmhirst at The Dartington Hall Trust] . It was a non-governmental planning organisation financed by corporations [Huxley, "ibid." ] .
This prolific organisation was influential in the formation of the
National Health Service, World War IIand post-war planning, and the development of the African colonies. After the war it shared the offices of The Nature Conservancyin Belgrave Square, London, producing reports such as "Opportunities in Industry" (1957) and "Advisory Committees in British Government" (1960) [ Sampson, A. (1962) "Anatomy of Britain". Hodder & Staughton: London. p.248, 454.]
In 1978 PEP merged with the Centre for the Study of Social Policy (CSSP), and became the
Policy Studies Institute(PSI).
* [http://archives.lse.ac.uk/dserve.exe?dsqServer=lib-4.lse.ac.uk&dsqIni=Dserve.ini&dsqApp=Archive&dsqDb=Catalog&dsqCmd=Overview.tcl&dsqSearch=(RefNo='pep') Catalogue of the PEP papers] at the [http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/archive/Default.htm Archives Division] of the
London School of Economics.
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