Panj River

Infobox River
river_name = Panj River


caption =
origin = confluence of Pamir and Vahandarya Rivers
mouth = Amu Darya
basin_countries = Afghanistan, Tajikistan
length = 921 km
elevation =
mouth_elevation =
discharge = 1,000 m³/s
watershed = 114,000 km²

The Panj River ( [IPA|pændʒ] ) also called the Pyandzh River or Piandj River ( _tg. Панҷ) is a tributary of the Amu Darya. The river is 1,125 km long and forms a consideable part of the Afghanistan - Tajikistan border. The river starts from the lake Zorkul in the ancient region of Badakhshan. From there, it flows westwards alongside the border of two countries. After passing the city of Khorog, capital of the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region of Tajikistan it receives water from one of its main tributaries, the Bartang River. It then turns towards the southwest, before joining the river Vakhsh and forming the greatest river of Central Asia, the Amudarya. Panj played a very important role during Soviet times, and was a strategic river during the Soviet military operations in Afghanistan in 1980's.

Bridges

* A bridge was built over the river between Tajikistan and Afghanistan at Nizhnii Panj. The contract was awarded in May 2005 and the construction of the main Bridge began in Jan 2006 and was completed in August 2007. The financing was provided by the USA, amounting to 37 million USD, and the construction was done by an Italian General Construction company Rizzani de Eccher SpA under the ownership of US Army Corps of Engineers. The bridge replaces a barge with which only 60 cars a day can be transported and which is unusable many months in the year due to strong current of the river.

* Another bridge at was built at the confluence with the Gunt River at Khorog in 2003.
* A bridge exists at Langar, which may still be closed.

The Aga Khan Development Network has been engaged in a project to build a series of bridges across the Pyanj River between Tajikistan and Afghanistan.
* The first of these, connecting Tem on the Tajik side with Demogan on the Afghan side, was innaugrated by Tajikistan’s President Emomali Rahmonov, Afghanistan’s Vice-President Hedayat Amin Arsala and His Highness the Aga Khan in November, 2002. [cite web |url=http://www.akdn.org/news/tajikbridge_110402.htm |title=Press Release: Aga Khan and Tajik and Afghan Leaders Open Bridge into Afghanistan - AKDN, November 3, 2002 |accessdate=2006-12-09]
* This was followed by the innauguration of the Tajik-Afghan Friendship Bridge at Darwaz in July, 2004, [cite web |url=http://www.akdn.org/news/2004July6.htm |title=Press Release: Darwaz Bridge to strengthen commercial ties and Tajik-Afghan relations - AKDN, July 6, 2004 |accessdate=2006-12-09]
* The Ishkashim bridge was inaugurated in October, 2006. [cite web |url=http://www.akdn.org/speeches/2006Oct31.htm |title=Remarks by the Aga Khan at the Inauguration of the Ishkashim Bridge - AKDN, October 31, 2006 |accessdate=2006-12-09] [cite web |url=http://www2.asiaplus.tj/en/news/16/12171.html |title=News: Aga Khan and President Rahmonov inaugurate reconstructed bridge in Ishkashim - Asia-Plus, October 31, 2006 |accessdate=2006-12-10]

References

ee also

* Amu river


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  • Panj River — ▪ river, Asia also spelled  Pyandzh River        headstream of the Amu Darya in Central Asia. It is 700 miles (1,125 km) long and constitutes part of the border between Afghanistan and Tajikistan. The Panj River is formed between the Hindu Kush… …   Universalium

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  • Bartang River — The Bartang river is a river of Central Asia, tributary to the Panj river and consequently to the Amu Darya. In its upper reaches, it is known as the Murghab River and Aksu River; it flows in the Wakhan in Afghanistan, then in the Roshan District …   Wikipedia

  • Pamir River — Pamir is a river in Tajikistan and Afghanistan. It is the right tributary of the Panj River.The river has its sorces in the Pamir Mountains in Gorno Badakhshan province in the far eastern part of Tajikistan. It starts from the lake Zorkul, at a… …   Wikipedia

  • Kyzylsu River — rises on the southern slopes of the Vakhsh Range in the north east of Tajikistan s Khatlon Province and runs south west for a length of 230 km until joining Panj River on the border with Afghanistan. Merges with Yakhsu River as a major left… …   Wikipedia

  • Vanj River — The Vanj River is a tributary to the Panj River in Gorno Badakhshan, central Tajikistan. It rises next to the Yazgulyam River, fed by the Geographical Society Glacier near Independence Peak (formerly Revolution Peak), flowing northwest for some… …   Wikipedia

  • Vakhsh River — Infobox River river name = Vakhsh River caption = The Vakhsh River (highlighted in blue) origin = mouth = Amu Darya basin countries = Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan length = 786 km elevation = mouth elevation = discharge = 536 m³/s (18,760 cubic feet/s)… …   Wikipedia

  • Murghab River (Tajikistan) — For the other river of the same name, see Murgab River (Afghanistan). The Murghab River (TaPA:Мурғоб/مرغاب, meaning Birds River ), also spelled as Murghob , Murgob , or Murgab (from ru. Мургаб), and known in its upper reaches as the Aksu or Oksu …   Wikipedia

  • Gunt River — The Gunt River is a river in the south of Tajikistan. Its source, Lake Yashilkul, is situated at the edge of the high plateau at an elevation of 3720m. The city of Khorog is located at the confluence of the Gunt River with the Panj River (the… …   Wikipedia

  • Kofarnihon River — ( tg. Кофарниҳон) or Kofirnihan (also transliterated from Russian as Kafirnigan ) is one of the major tributaries of Amudarya (together with Vakhsh and Panj). It rises on the southern slopes of Gissar Range in Vahdat district, formerly Kofarnihon …   Wikipedia


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