Sullivan's Island, South Carolina

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Sullivans Island , South Carolina
motto =
settlement_type = Town
nickname = S.I.


imagesize =
image_caption =


image_



mapsize =
map_caption =
incorporated =


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_name1 = South Carolina
subdivision_name2 = Charleston
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Carl Smith
established_date =
area_magnitude = 1 E8
area_total_km2 = 8.6
area_land_km2 = 6.3
area_water_km2 = 2.3
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 1911
population_density_km2 = 166.0
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
elevation_ft = 13
latd = 32 |latm = 45 |lats = 48 |latNS = N
longd = 79 |longm = 50 |longs = 16 |longEW = W
area_total_sq_mi = 3.3
area_land_sq_mi = 2.4
area_water_sq_mi = 0.9
elevation_m = 4
website = [http://sullivansisland-sc.com/ Sullivans Island]
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 29482
area_code = 843
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 45-70090GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1231842GR|3
footnotes =

Sullivan's Island is a town in Charleston County, South Carolina, United States, on a similarly-named island at the entrance to Charleston Harbor. The population was 1,911 at the 2000 census. It is also the site of a major battle of the American Revolution at Fort Sullivan (Now Fort Moultrie) on June 28 1776. As defined by the U.S. Census Bureau, Sullivans Island is included within the Charleston-North Charleston Urbanized Area and the larger Charleston–North Charleston Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography

Sullivan's Island is located at coord|32|45|48|N|79|50|16|W|type:city (32.763456, -79.837911)GR|1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.3 square miles (8.6 km²), of which, 2.4 square miles (6.3 km²) of it is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km²) of it (27.11%) is water.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 1,911 people, 797 households, and 483 families residing in the town. The population density was 787.2 people per square mile (303.6/km²). There were 1,045 housing units at an average density of 430.5/sq mi (166.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.74% White, 0.63% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.16% Asian, and 0.42% from race were 0.84% of the population.

There were 797 households out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.3% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the town the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 31.0% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 100.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.7 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $72,955, and the median income for a family was $96,455. Males had a median income of $58,571 versus $41,029 for females. The per capita income for the town was $49,427. About 1.4% of families and 4.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.2% of those under age 18 and 0.9% of those age 65 or over.

History

The island was known as O'Sullivan's Island from an early date, because of the Irishman, Captain Florence O'Sullivan, who was stationed as a lighthouse keeper in the late seventeenth century. The island was completely denuded in order to distinguish the approach to Charleston Harbor.

Sullivan's Island was the primary disembarkation port and entrance to the British North American colonies of over 40% (4-8 Million Persons) of the Slave traded Blacks to the British Colonies using the Middle Passage. [http://www.sciway.net/hist/chicora/slavery18-2.html] It was the largest slave port in North America. Sullivans Island served as the primary quarantine quarters and slave market for the American Colonies that would later become the United States. It is estimated that nearly half of all African Americans had ancestors that passed through Sullivans Island. “There is no suitable memorial, or plaque, or wreath or wall, or park or skyscraper lobby,” Toni Morrison said in a 1989 [http://www.uuworld.org/ideas/articles/117810.shtml?n magazine interview] . “There’s no 300-foot tower, there’s no small bench by the road.” The first [http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/28/arts/design/28benc.html?pagewanted=1&_r=1 small bench by the road] was dedicated by the Toni Morrison Society on Sullivan's Island, July 26, 2008.

On 28 June, 1776, a makeshift log fort was held by colonial forces against a sustained siege and bombardment by British forces under Lord Cornwallis attempting to enter the harbor to besiege and conquer the City of Charleston. The palmetto logs used in the construction proved to be remarkably spongy and absorbed the cannon balls. The Battle of Fort Moultrie was commemorated by the addition of a white palmetto tree to the blue and white crescent moon flag of South Carolina. The victory is still celebrated every June 28, known as Carolina day.

The history of the island has been dominated by the extensive coastal defenseworks known as Fort Moultrie, which served as the base of command for the defenses of the City of Charleston until it was closed in the late 1940s.

Edgar Allan Poe was stationed at Fort Moultrie from 1827 to 1828. The island was the setting of his short story "The Gold-Bug." The town library, situated in a refurbished military battery, is named after the poet. Several streets on the island bear the names of his works as well, including "Raven" and "Gold Bug" Drives.

Other literary connections to the island include the novel "Sullivan's Island" by Dorothea Benton Frank and inclusions in the novel "Beach Music" and the semi-autobiographical memoir "The Boo", both by novelist Pat Conroy.

E. Lee Spence, a pioneer underwater archaeologist and prolific author of books and articles about shipwrecks and sunken treasure, was a long time resident of Sullivan's Island and discovered many shipwrecks along its shores in the 1960s and 1970s. Those discoveries included the Civil War blockade runners "Flora", "Beatrice", "Stono", "Flamingo", Prince Albert, "Celt" (aka "Colt") and the "Hunley" which was first submarine in history to sink an enemy ship. The "Hunley" was just over 3.5 miles from shore, while the other wrecks were in the shallow waters along the rocks by Fort Moultrie.

Best selling novelist Clive Cussler and his organization NUMA discovered the wreck of the blockade runner Raccoon off Sullivan's Island in 1981.

For most of its history, the town on the island was known as Moultrieville, on the south-west half of the island. Another community on the north-east portion, Atlanticville, was established and later merged to form the Town of Sullivan's Island.

The new Charleston Light was built in 1962. The 140-foot-tall triangular building boasts an elevator instead of the typical spiral staircase.

In May 2006, the Town of Sullivan's Island became the first municipality in South Carolina to ban smoking in all public places. The ordinance passed 4-2 and the ban went into effect in June. [http://no-smoking.org/may06/05-18-06-1.html]

South Carolina's current Governor, Mark Sanford is a resident of Sullivan's Island

Government

The city is run by an elected Mayor-council government system.

Mayor

Carl Smith

Council Members

Pat O'Neil (Mayor Pro Tem), Mike Perkis, Everett Presson, Charles "Buddy" Howle, Gerald “Jerry” Kaynard, and Mary Jane Watson.

Chief of Police

Daniel Howard

Fire Chief

Anthony Stith

References

External links

* [http://www.islandeyenews.com Bi-weekly newspaper serving the Islands]
* [http://www.travelerofcharleston.com Visitor Guide to Charleston, Sullivan's Island and Area - Free Download] Traveler of Charleston


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