Graetz number

In fluid dynamics, the Graetz number (Gz) is a dimensionless number that characterises laminar flow in a conduit. The number is defined as:

:Gz={d_iover L}RePr


:"di" is the internal diameter in round tubes or hydraulic diameter in arbitrary cross-section ducts

:"L" is the length:"Re" is the Reynolds number and:"Pr" is the Prandtl number.

When used in connection with mass transfer the Prandtl number is replaced by the Schmidt number which expresses the ratio of the momentum diffusivity to the mass diffusivity.

:Gz={d_iover L}ReSc

The quantity is named after the physicist Leo Graetz.

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