Flavian Amphitheater (Pozzuoli)
::"For the Flavian Amphitheater in
Rome, see Colosseum"
The Flavian Amphitheater ("Anfiteatro flaviano puteolano"), located in
Pozzuoli, is the third largest Roman amphitheater in Italy. Only the Roman Colosseum and the Capuan Amphitheater are larger. It was likely built by the same architects who previously constructed the Roman Colosseum. The name "Flavian Amphitheater" is primarily associated with the Roman Colosseum.
It was begun under the reign of the emperor
Vespasianand probably finished under the reign of his son Titus. The arena can hold up to 20,000 spectators. The interior is mostly intact and one can still see parts of gears which were used to lift cages up to the arena floor.
In the year
305, the arena was the setting for the persecutions of the patron of Pozzuoli, Saint Proculus, and the patron saint of Naples, Saint Januarius. After being thrown to the wild beasts in the arena, the two were beheadedat the nearby Solfatara.
The elliptical structure measures 147 x 117 meters (482 x 384 feet), with the arena floor measuring 72.22 x 42.33 meters (237 x 139 feet).
The amphitheater can be visited by taking line number 2 of the Naples, Italy subway, and getting off at the Pozzuoli stop.
The Flavian Amphitheater is the second of two Roman amphitheaters built in Pozzuoli. The smaller and older amphitheater ("Anfiteatro minore") has been almost totally destroyed by the construction of the Rome to Naples railway line. Only a dozen arches of this earlier work still exist. This lesser amphitheater measured 130 x 95 meters (427 x 312 feet).
The site of the structure was chosen at the nearby crossing of roads from
Naples, Capuaand Cumae. It was abandoned when it was partially buried by eruptions from the Solfatara volcano. It was during the mediaeval period that the the marble used on the exterior was stripped. This had the fortunate result of leaving the interior alone and perfectly preserved. Excavations of the site were performed 1839 to 1845, 1880 to 1882, and finally in 1947. [cite web|url=http://www.culturacampania.rai.it/site/en-GB/Cultural_Heritage/Archaelogical_areas_and_Nature_parks/Scheda/flavian_ampitheatre,_pozzuoli_.html?link=storia|title=Flavian Ampitheatre, Pozzuoli |publisher=Portal of Cultural Heritage and Activities: Region of Campania|accessdate=2008-09-27]
* Crimaco, Luigi et al. "Da Puteoli a Pozzuoli : scavi e ricerche sulla rocca del Rione Terra", Naples : Electa Napoli, 2003. (OCLC OCLC search link|249530060)
* De Caro, Stefano and Greco, Angela. "Campania", Rome-Bari : G. Laterza, 1983, pp. 37-53. (OCLC OCLC search link|34163741)
* Maiuri, Amedeo. "Studi e ricerche sull'Anfiteatro Flavio Puteolano". Napoli : G. Macchiaroli,
1955. (OCLC OCLC search link|2078742)
* Maiuri, Amedeo. "I Campi Flegrei", Rome : Istituto poligrafico dello stato, 1958, pp. 19-61. (OCLC OCLC search link|3744533)
* Maiuri, Amedeo. L’anfiteatro flavio puteolano, in "Memorie dell’Accademia di Lettere, Archeologia e Belle Arti di Napoli", Naples : G. Macchiaroli, 1955. (OCLC OCLC search link|79380459)
* Sirpettino, Mario. "I campi flegrei. Guida storica", Naples : Edizioni scientifiche italiane, 1999. (OCLC OCLC search link|42942285)
* "Puteoli. Studi di storia antica", vols.I-II, Pozzuoli : Azienda autonoma di soggiorno, cura e turismo di Pozzuoli, 1977-1978. (OCLC OCLC search link|5699428)
* "I Campi Flegrei. Un itinerario archeologico". Venice : Marsilio, 1990. (OCLC OCLC search link|24577091)
* [http://www.ulixes.it/italiano/i_pg01.html?http://www.ulixes.it/italiano/i_pg02gfr14.html Ulixes web site for Anfiteatro Flavio in Pozzuoli (Italian Language)]
* [http://www.ulixes.it/english/e_pg02gfr14.html Ulixes web site for Anfiteatro Flavio in Pozzuoli (English language - poorly translated)]
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