Roger Borsa (1060/1061–
February 22, 1111) was the son and successor of Robert Guiscard, the Norman conqueror of Southern Italyand Sicily. His mother was Sikelgaita, an imposing warrior Lombard noblewoman. Roger was not as adept as Robert Guiscard, and most of his reign was spent in feudal anarchy. His ambitious mother arranged for Roger to succeed his father in place of Robert Guiscard's eldest son by another wife, Bohemund of Taranto. According to John Julius Cooper, 2nd Viscount Norwich:
...Roger—nicknamed Borsa, the purse, from his early-ingrained habit of counting and recounting his money. He was a weak and hesitant thirteen-year-old who gave the impression that a childhood spent with Robert and Sichelgaita had been too much for him.
In 1073, Sichelgaita had Roger proclaimed heir after Guiscard fell ill at
Trani. Roger's cousin Abelard was the only baron to dissent from the election of Roger, claiming that he was the rightful heir to the duchy. Roger accompanied his father on a campaign to Greece in 1084. He was still in Greece when his father died on 17 July 1085in Kefalonia. While Bohemond was supposed to inherit the Greek possessions and Roger the Italian ones, it was Bohemund who was in Italy ( Salerno) and Roger in Greece ( Bundicia) at the time of the Guiscard's passing.
Roger rejoined his mother on
Cephalonia, his absence causing panic and confusion with his army, according to Goffredo Malaterra. The two quickly returned to the peninsula and with the support of Roger I of Sicily, his uncle, was recognised as duke in September. His Lombard heritage also made him a more attractive candidate than his Norman half-brother, who had fled to Capua. With the support of Jordan I of Capua, he rebelled against his brother and took Oria, Otranto, and Taranto. Roger, however, made peace in March 1086 and the brothers acted as effective co-rulers. In late Summer 1087, Bohemond renewed the war with the support of some of his brother's vassals. He surprised and defeated Roger at Fragnetoand retook Taranto. Though described as a powerful warrior (he took the cities of Benevento, Canosa, Capua, and Luceraby siege), Roger Borsa was never able to check Bohemund's power or bring him under his control. The war was finally resolved by the mediation of Pope Urban IIand the award of Taranto and other possessions to Bohemund. Roger also granted him Cosenzaand other holdings he desired allodially. In 1089 Roger Borsa was officially invested with the duchy of Apulia by Pope Urban II.
Borsa planned to urbanise the
Mezzogiornoby granting charters to various towns and encouraging urban planning. In 1090, he and Urban encouraged Bruno of Cologne, founder of the Carthusian Orderto accept election to the archbishopric of Reggio di Calabria.
In May 1098, at the request of his first cousin once removed, Prince
Richard II of Capua, Borsa and his uncle Count Roger I of Sicilybegan the siege of Capua, from which the prince had long ago been exiled as a minor. In exchange for his assistance, the duke received the homage of Richard, though he seems to have made no use of it, for Richard's successors paid no heed to Roger Borsa's overlordship. Capuafell after forty days of notable besieging, for Pope Urban IIhad come to meet Roger of Sicily and Archbishop Anselm of Canterburyhad come to meet the pope.
In October 1104, Roger besieged
William, Count of Monte Sant'Angelo, who was at that time independent and pledged to the Byzantines, and expelled him from the Gargano, abolishing the county.
In 1092, Roger Borsa married Adela, the daughter of
Robert I, Count of Flanders, and widow of Canute IV of Denmark. He was succeeded by their son William. However William proved to be as weak a ruler as his father, and the domain was ultimately inherited by a cousin, Roger II of Sicily.
One of the prime sources for Roger's reign is the work of
William of Apulia, who dedicated his chronicle to Guiscard and his son.
*Norwich, John Julius. "The Normans in the South 1016-1130". Longmans:
*Norwich, John Julius. "The Kingdom in the Sun 1130-1194". Longman:
*Matthew, Donald. "The Norman Kingdom of Sicily".
Cambridge University Press: 1992.
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Roger Borsa — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Roger Borsa (circa 1060 22 de febrero de 1111), segundo hijo de Roberto Guiscardo, duque de Apulia y de Calabria (1085 1111). Borsa cedió a su hermano mayor Bohemundo la región entre Tarento y Bari, que recuperó… … Wikipedia Español
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