Jalisco


Jalisco

Infobox Settlement
name = State of Jalisco
other_name =
native_name =
nickname = "Jalisco es México"
settlement_type =
motto =


imagesize =
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flag_link = State flag of Jalisco
flag_size = 140px
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seal_size =
image_shield = Jalisco coat.pngshield_size = 80px
city_logo =
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map_caption = Location within Mexico


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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = MEX
subdivision_type1 = Capital
subdivision_name1 = Guadalajara
subdivision_type2 = Municipalities
subdivision_name2 = 126
subdivision_type3 = Largest City
subdivision_name3 = Guadalajara
subdivision_type4 =
subdivision_name4 =
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title =Governor
leader_name =Emilio González Márquez (PAN)
leader_title1 = Federal Deputies
leader_name1 =PAN: 18
PRI: 1
leader_title2 =Federal Senators
leader_name2 =Eva Contreras (PAN)
Héctor Pérez (PAN)
Ramiro Hernández (PRI)
leader_title3 =
leader_name3 =
leader_title4 =
leader_name4 =
established_title =
established_date =
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area_magnitude =
unit_pref =
area_footnotes =Ranked 6th
area_total_km2 = 79085
area_land_km2 =
area_water_km2 =
area_total_sq_mi =
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population_as_of =2005
population_footnotes =
population_note =
population_total =6,752,113 (Ranked 4th)
population_density_km2 =
population_density_sq_mi =
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timezone = CST
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
latd= |latm= |lats= |latNS=
longd= |longm= |longs= |longEW=
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m =
elevation_ft =
postal_code_type =
postal_code =
area_code =
blank_name =HDI (2004)
blank_info =0.8007 - high
Ranked 13th
blank1_name =ISO 3166-2
blank1_info =MX-JAL
blank2_name =Postal abbr.
blank2_info =Jal.
blank3_name =
blank3_info =
website = [http://www.jalisco.gob.mx/ www.jalisco.gob.mx]
footnotes =
Jalisco is a state in Mexico. The capital of Jalisco is the city of Guadalajara. In the 2005 census, Jalisco had a population of 6,752,113 people. Jalisco is known for being the birthplace of mariachi music.

Etymology

The state's name, meaning "sandy plain," derives from the Nahuatl words "xalli" (meaning "sand" or "gravel") and "ixtli" (meaning "face," or, by extension, "plain").

Geography

The state of Jalisco borders the Pacific Ocean to the west, and the states of Nayarit to the northwest, Zacatecas, and Aguascalientes to the north, Guanajuato to the east, and Colima and Michoacán to the south. It has an area of convert|79085|km2|sqmi|0|abbr=on.

Mexico's largest freshwater lake, Lake Chapala, lies within the boundaries of Jalisco.

Government and politics

The Constitution of the State of Jalisco provides that the government of Jalisco, like the government of every other state in Mexico, formally consists of three branches: the executive, the legislative and the judiciary.

Executive power rests with the Governor of Jalisco, who is directly elected through secret ballot to a 6-year term, with no possibility of reelection. Legislative power rests with the Congress of Jalisco which is a unicameral legislature composed of 40 deputies. Judicial power is invested in the Superior Court of Justice of Jalisco.

Municipalities and regions

Like the rest of Mexico, the state of Jalisco is divided into municipalities (communes), most of which are named after the town that serves as the municipal seat. Unlike English-language municipalities, Mexican municipalities include both a central city or town and surrounding villages, towns and rural land. Each municipio has a municipal president. The largest municipio in Jalisco is Mezquitic.

The municipalities are grouped into the following regions ("regiones"): [ [http://www.jalisco.gob.mx/nuestroedo/Municipios/index.html Municipios de Jalisco ] ]
*Altos Norte
*Altos Sur
*Centro
*Ciénega
*Costa Norte
*Costa Sur
*Norte
*Sierra de Amula
*Sierra Occidental
*Sur
*Sureste
*Valles

Demography

The population of Jalisco is around 6,753,114 inhabitants according to the 2005 INEGI census. The 2000 INEGI census indicates that there are about 4,000,000 people in the greater Guadalajara metropolitan area. The overall population growth rate for Jalisco in the 2000-2005 period was 1.8%, and it is estimated that the economically active population is 1,756,501 [ [ http://www.e-local.gob.mx/work/templates/enciclo/jalisco/-->] ]

The majority of Jalisco's population is of Spanish descent, including many from the Criollo caste. People of Amerindian descent, mostly of Huichol origin, make up about 0.4% of the population. In addition to those of Huichol descent, some Nahua communities exist along the coast as well as in the interior of the state near present day towns of Tenemaxtlán and Atenguillo. The state also contains a large Mestizo population, who are of mixed European and Amerindian descent, centered mostly in and to the east of Guadalajara.

Tequila

Jalisco is the center of the Mexican tequila industry, and the town of Tequila, Jalisco, which gave its name to the famous liquor, is located there. The volcanic soil covering much of the state of Jalisco is particularly well suited for the cultivation of the blue agave plant, which is used as the base for tequila.

Mariachi

There are many hypothesis about where this lively music originated from, but most people agree that Cocula, Jalisco was its birth place. This is contradicted, however, by the fact that most famous Mariachi songs/groups weren't from Jalisco.

Today, Mariachis are seen as a symbol of the Mexican Revolution and as the Mexican pride. Mariachi groups are usually hired for festive occasions, such as birthday parties, quinces (traditional parties for women who are turning 15 years of age), and weddings.

Huichols

The indigeneous people huichols (wirrarita or wixarita in the huichol language), live in the north of Jalisco. It is hard to get to the towns of Huichols, as they are somewhat isolated because of the mountains. They call themselves "wixarica", "The People," in their own language. The name Huichol comes from their name in the Nahuatl language.

Their language belongs to the linguistic division of Cora-chol, from the Familie Uto-Aztec. This language is related to the nahuatl language.

ee also

*Western Mexico shaft tomb tradition

References

External links

* [http://www.jalisco.gob.mx/ Jalisco State Government]
* [http://www.tapatios.com/ Jalisco's Largest Online Community]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jalisco — Estado Libre y Soberano de Jalisco État libre et souverain de Jalisco …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jalisco — Jalisco …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jalisco — er en delstat i Mexico. Jalisco har et areal på 79,085 km² og har for tiden en konflikt med nabostater over nogle af disses kommuner. Vest for Jalisco ligger Stillehavet, mod nordvest den mexicanske delstat Nayarit, mod nord Zacatecas,… …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Jalisco —   [xa lisko], Bundesstaat Mexikos, 78 630 km2, (2000) 6,3 Mio. Einwohner, Hauptstadt Guadalajara. Jalisco erstreckt sich vom Pazifik weit ins Landesinnere, im Süden über ein Küstenbergland bis in die Cordillera Neovolcánica (mit dem Nevado de… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Jalisco — es uno de los 31 estados de México y se ubica al occidente del territorio. Colinda con los estados de Nayarit hacia el noroeste; con Zacatecas, Aguascalientes y San Luis Potosí hacia el norte; con Guanajuato hacia el este y con Colima y Michoacán …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jalisco — état du Mexique, au N. O. de Mexico, bordé par le Pacifique; 80 836 km²; 5 302 680 hab. Cap. Guadalajara. La civilisation précolombienne du Jalisco, côtière, est datée des IVe VIIe s …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jalisco — (Xalisco, spr. cha ), einer der pazifischen Küstenstaaten Mexikos (s. Karte »Mexiko«), zwischen 18°38 –23°26 nördl. Br. und 101°30 –105°42 westl. L., grenzt im W. an den Stillen Ozean, im N. an Tepic und Durango, im O. an Zacatecas und Guanajuato …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Jalisco — (Xalisco, spr. cha ), mexik. Staat, an der Küste des Stillen Ozeans, 86.752 qkm, (1900) 1.153.891 E.; Hauptort Guadalajara. – Vgl. Barcena (1888) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Jalisco — [hä lēs′kō̂] state of W Mexico, on the Pacific: 30,941 sq mi (80,137 sq km); pop. 5,303,000; cap. Guadalajara …   English World dictionary

  • Jalisco — Estado Libre y Soberano de Jalisco Estado de México …   Wikipedia Español


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