Porter Township, Lycoming County, Pennsylvania

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Porter Township,
Lycoming County,
Pennsylvania
settlement_type = Township
nickname =
motto =



imagesize =
image_caption =


image_




mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Map of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania highlighting Porter Township



mapsize1 = 250x200px
map_caption1 = Map of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania

subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Pennsylvania
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Lycoming

government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title =
leader_name =
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
established_title = Settled
established_date = 1772
established_title1 = Incorporated
established_date1 = 1840

unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes =

area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 20.6
area_land_km2 = 19.8
area_water_km2 = 0.8
area_total_sq_mi = 8.0
area_land_sq_mi = 7.6
area_water_sq_mi = 0.3

population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_total = 1633
population_density_km2 = 82.5
population_density_sq_mi = 213.6

timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_footnotes = GR|3
elevation_m = 274
elevation_ft = 899
latd = 41 |latm = 12 |lats = 20 |latNS = N
longd = 77 |longm = 16 |longs = 32 |longEW = W

postal_code_type =
postal_code =
area_code =
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 42-62184GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1216771GR|3
website =
footnotes =

Porter Township is a township in Lycoming County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. The population was 1,633 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Williamsport, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Porter Township, named for David R. Porter Pennsylvania governor (1839-1845), was formed from part of Mifflin Township on May 6, 1840.

When colonial settlers first arrived in what is now Porter Township they were outside the western boundary of what was then the Province of Pennsylvania. These settlers were not under the jurisiction or protection of any type from any of the Thirteen Colonies. They became known as the Fair Play Men. These men established their own form of government, known as the "Fair Play System", with three elected commissioners who ruled on land claims and other issues for the group. In a remarkable coincidence, the Fair Play Men made their own Declaration of Independence from Britain on July 4, 1776 beneath the "Tiadaghton Elm" on the banks of Pine Creek.

During the American Revolutionary War, settlements throughout the Susquehanna valley were attacked by Loyalists and Native Americans allied with the British. After the Wyoming Valley battle and massacre in the summer of 1778 (near what is now Wilkes-Barre) and smaller local attacks, the "Big Runaway" occurred throughout the West Branch Susquehanna valley. Settlers fled feared and actual attacks by the British and their allies. Homes and fields were abandoned, with livestock driven along and a few possessions floated on rafts on the river east to Muncy, then further south to Sunbury. The abandoned property was burnt by the attackers. Some settlers soon returned, only to flee again in the summer of 1779 in the "Little Runaway". Sullivan's Expedition helped stabilize the area and encouraged resettlement, which continued after the war.

Dr. James Davidson, a veteran of the American Revolution, served as a doctor for General Anthony Wayne's army, was one of the first and most successful settlers in the Porter Township area. He settled in the Sunbury just after the Revolution. After several years in that vicinity he bought a farm along the West Branch Susquehanna River in what is now western Lycoming County. Here he farmed and also served as the only doctor in the area for many years. Dr. Davidson built one of the first brick houses in the West Branch Susquehanna Valley. He also served as a judge for Lycoming County after it was formed in 1795.

Geography

Porter Township is bordered by Watson Township to the north and west, Clinton County to the west, the West Branch Susquehanna River to the south and east and Piatt Township to the east. Porter Township nearly surrounds the borough of Jersey Shore. As the crow flies, Lycoming County is about convert|130|mi|km|0 northwest of Philadelphia and convert|165|mi|km|0 east-northeast of Pittsburgh.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 7.9 square miles (20.6 km²).7.6 square miles (19.8 km²) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.8 km²) of it (3.90%) is water.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 1,633 people, 642 households, and 471 families residing in the township. The population density was 213.6 people per square mile (82.5/km²). There were 662 housing units at an average density of 86.6/sq mi (33.5/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 98.59% White, 0.43% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.06% from other races, and 0.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.18% of the population.

There were 642 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.3% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.6% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the township the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 26.9% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $31,756, and the median income for a family was $38,083. Males had a median income of $30,701 versus $19,375 for females. The per capita income for the township was $16,030. About 5.3% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.

References

*cite book
last = Meginness
first = John Franklin
title = History of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania: including its aboriginal history; the colonial and revolutionary periods; early settlement and subsequent growth; organization and civil administration; the legal and medical professions; internal improvement; past and present history of Williamsport; manufacturing and lumber interests; religious, educational, and social development; geology and agriculture; military record; sketches of boroughs, townships, and villages; portraits and biographies of pioneers and representative citizens, etc. etc."
origdate = 1892
url = http://www.usgennet.org/usa/pa/county/lycoming/history/lyco-history-01.html
accessdate = 2007-03-20
edition = 1st Edition
publisher = Brown, Runk & Co.
location = Chicago, IL
id = ISBN 0-7884-0428-8
chapter =
chapterurl = http://www.usgennet.org/usa/pa/county/lycoming/history/Chapter-34.html
quote = (Note: ISBN refers to Heritage Books July 1996 reprint. URL is to a scan of the 1892 version with some OCR typos).


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