Sarojini Naidu

Sarojini Naidu
Born Sarojini Chattopadhyaya
13 February 1879(1879-02-13)
Hyderabad, Hyderabad State, India
Died 2 March 1949(1949-03-02) (aged 70)
Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
Occupation Poet, writer
Nationality Indian
Alma mater King's College London
Girton College, Cambridge
Spouse(s) Mr. Muthyala Govindarajulu Naidu
Children Jayasurya, Padmaja, Randheer and Leelamani

Sarojini Naidu (Hindi: सरोजिनी नायडू) (née Chattopadhyaya) (13 February 1879 – 2 March 1949), also known by the sobriquet The Nightingale of India, was a child prodigy, Indian independence activist and poet. Naidu was the first Indian woman to become the President of the Indian National Congress and the first woman to become the Governor of Uttar Pradesh state.

She was active in the Indian Independence Movement, joining Mahatma Gandhi in the Salt March to Dandi, and then leading the Dharasana Satyagraha after the arrests of Gandhi, Abbas Tyabji, and Kasturba Gandhi.



Each year links to its corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:

  • 1905: The Golden Threshold, published in the United Kingdom[1] (text available online)
  • 1912: The Bird of Time: Songs of Life, Death & the Spring, published in London[2]
  • 1917: The Broken Wing: Songs of Love, Death and the Spring, including "The Gift of India" (first read in public in 1915)[2][3]
  • 1916: Muhammad Jinnah: An Ambassador of Unity[4]
  • 1943: The Sceptred Flute: Songs of India, Allahabad: Kitabistan, posthumously published[2]
  • 1961: The Feather of the Dawn, posthumously published, edited by her daughter, Padmaja Naidu[5]

Indian Weavers- Published b/w 1960 & 1971


Naidu writes:

"Shall hope prevail where clamorous hate is rife,
Shall sweet love prosper or high dreams have place
Amid the tumult of reverberant strife
'Twixt ancient creeds, 'twixt race and ancient race,
That mars the grave, glad purposes of life,
Leaving no refuge save thy succoring face?"

Naidu said, "When there is oppression, the only self-respecting thing is to rise and say this shall cease today, because my right is justice." She adds, "If you are stronger, you have to help the weaker boy or girl both in play and in the work."


  1. ^ Knippling, Alpana Sharma, "Chapter 3: Twentieth-Century Indian Literature in English", in Natarajan, Nalini, and Emanuel Sampath Nelson, editors, Handbook of Twentieth-century Literatures of India (Google books link), Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1996, ISBN 9780313287787, retrieved December 10, 2008
  2. ^ a b c Vinayak Krishna Gokak, The Golden Treasury Of Indo-Anglian Poetry (1828-1965), p 313, New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi (1970, first edition; 2006 reprint), ISBN 8126011963, retrieved August 6, 2010
  3. ^ Sisir Kumar Das, "A History of Indian Literature 1911-1956: Struggle for Freedom: Triumph and Tragedy", p 523, New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi (1995), ISBN 8172017987; retrieved August 10, 2010
  4. ^
  5. ^ Lal, P., Modern Indian Poetry in English: An Anthology & a Credo, p 362, Calcutta: Writers Workshop, second edition, 1971 (however, on page 597 an "editor's note" states contents "on the following pages are a supplement to the first edition" and is dated "1972")

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