Les mamelles de Tirésias


Les mamelles de Tirésias

"Les Mamelles de Tirésias" ("The Breasts of Tiresias") is a surrealist two act "opéra bouffe" by Francis Poulenc, based on a text by Guillaume Apollinaire written in 1903 but first performed in 1917. The opera premiered at the Opéra-Comique in Paris on 3 June 1947.

Poulenc first thought of setting "Les mamelles..." in the 1930s, and began composition in 1939, finishing five years later in 1944. He altered the setting of the opera from the real African island of Zanzibar to an imaginary town called Zanzibar near Monte-Carlo (Apollinaire's childhood home) on the French Riviera. This latitude, he said, was "quite tropical enough for the Parisian that I am."

The opera closes with the stern command, "Ô Français, faites des enfants!" ("O Frenchmen, make babies!") and the success of this propaganda is seen in the fact that the first two sopranos cast in the role had to give it up before the premiere on account of pregnancy. Whether the work played a significant role in the post-war baby boom has not been determined.

Roles

ynopsis

Act 1

Thérèse tires of her life as a submissive woman and becomes the male Tirésias when her breasts turn into balloons and float away. Her husband is not pleased by this, still less so when she ties him up and dresses him as a woman.

Meanwhile, a pair of drunken gamblers called Presto and Lacouf affectionately shoot one another and are mourned by the assembled townspeople. Thérèse marches off to conquer the world as General Tiresias, leaving her captive husband to the attentions of the local gendarme, who is fooled by his female attire.

Off-stage, General Tiresias starts a successful campaign against childbirth and is hailed by the populace. Fearful that France will be left sterile if women give up sex, the husband vows to find a way to bear children without women. Lacouf and Presto return from the dead and express both interest and scepticism.

Act 2

The curtain rises to cries of "Papa!" The husband's project has been a spectacular success, and he has given birth to 40,049 children in a single day. A visiting Parisian journalist asks how he can afford to feed the brood, but the husband explains that the children have all been very successful in careers in the arts, and have made him a rich man with their earnings. After chasing the journalist off, the husband decides to raise a journalist of his own, but is not completely pleased with the results.

The gendarme now arrives to report that, thanks to overpopulation, the citizens of Zanzibar are all dying of hunger. The husband suggests getting ration cards printed by a tarot-reading fortune-teller. Just such a fortune-teller immediately appears, looking rather familiar under her mask.

The fortune-teller prophesies that the fertile husband will be a multi-millionaire, but that the sterile gendarme will die in abject poverty. Incensed, the gendarme attempts to arrest her, but she strangles him (he gets better) and reveals herself as none other than Thérèse. The couple reconcile, and the whole cast gathers at the footlights to urge the audience:::

Recordings

* Seiji Ozawa conducting the Saito Kinen Orchestra with Barbara Bonney, Jean-Paul Fouchécourt, and Wolfgang Holzmair (1998, Philips)
"Includes Holzmair performing Le Bal Masque"

* Ed Spanjaard conducting the Nieuw Ensemble with Renate Arends, Bernard Loonen, Mattijs Van de Woerd and Opera Trionfo (2003, Brillaint Classics)

ources

*Warrack, John and West, Ewan (1992), "The Oxford Dictionary of Opera", 782 pages, ISBN 0-19-869164-5


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  • Les Mamelles De Tirésias — est une pièce de théâtre de Guillaume Apollinaire, créée au Théâtre Maubel le 24 juin 1917 dans une mise en scène de Pierre Albert Birot. Apollinaire a sous titré sa pièce : drame « surréaliste » (mot qu il invente pour l occasion… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Les Mamelles de Tirésias — Cet article concerne la pièce de théâtre. Pour l opéra bouffe, voir Les Mamelles de Tirésias (opéra bouffe). Les Mamelles de Tirésias est un drame « surréaliste[1] » en deux actes et un prologue de Guillaume Apollinaire, créée au… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Les mamelles de Tirésias — Werkdaten Titel: Die Brüste des Tiresias Originaltitel: Les mamelles de Tirésias Originalsprache: französisch Musik: Poulenc Libretto: Guillaume Ap …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Les Mamelles de Tirésias (opéra-bouffe) — Cet article concerne l opéra bouffe. Pour la pièce de théâtre, voir Les Mamelles de Tirésias. Les Mamelles de Tirésias est un opéra bouffe en deux actes et un prologue de Francis Poulenc, créé le 3 juin 1947 à l Opéra Comique, d après… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tirésias — apparaît devant Ulysse pendant le sacrifice, Heinrich Füssli, 1780 1785, Graphische Sammlung der Albertina (Vienne) Dans la mythologie grecque, Tirésias (en grec ancien Τειρεσίας / …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tiresias — aparece ante Odiseo durante el sacrificio, Heinrich Füssli, 1780 85, Graphische Sammlung der Albertina (Viena). En la mitología griega, Tiresias (en griego antiguo Τειρεσίας) fue un adivino ciego de la ciudad de Tebas y junto con Calcas, es uno… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tiresias — Tirésias Tirésias apparaît devant Ulysse pendant le sacrifice, Heinrich Füssli, 1780 1785, Graphische Sammlung der Albertina (Vienne) Dans la mythologie grecque, Tirésias (en grec ancien …   Wikipédia en Français

  • TIRÉSIAS — Dans la mythologie grecque, devin aveugle de Thèbes. Selon L’Odyssée , il garda le don de prophétie jusqu’aux Enfers où Ulysse alla le consulter. Il joua un rôle dans le drame thébain dont le roi Laïos et son fils Œdipe furent les héros. Des… …   Encyclopédie Universelle


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