Laminaria

Laminaria
Laminaria hyperborea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Chromalveolata
Phylum: Heterokontophyta
Class: Phaeophyceae
Order: Laminariales
Family: Laminariaceae
Genus: Laminaria
J. V. Lamouroux
Species

c. 30 species; see text

Laminaria is a genus of 31 species of brown algae (Phaeophyceae), all sharing the common name "kelp". This economically important genus is characterized by long, leathery laminae and relatively large size. Some species are referred to by the common name Devil's apron, due to their shape,[1] or sea colander, due to the perforations present on the lamina.[2] It is found in the north Atlantic Ocean and the northern Pacific Ocean at depths from 8 to 30 m (26 to 98 ft) (exceptionally to 120 m (390 ft) in the warmer waters of the Mediterranean Sea and off Brazil).[3]

The name also refers to the use of this algae to dilate the cervix when induction of pregnancy is necessary. It serves to absorb moisture and then expand, subsequently expanding the cervix.

The greater proportion of commercial cultivation is for algin, iodine and mannitol, which are used in a range of industrial applications. In South Korea it is processed into a sweetmeat known as laminaria jelly. The largest producer of kelp products is China. [4]

According to C.Michael Hogan the life cycle of the genus involves a diploid generational system.[5]

Laminaria japonica (J. E. Areschoug — Japón) [6] is now regarded as a synonym of Saccharina japonica[7] and Laminaria saccharina is now classified as Saccharina latissima.[8]

Species

  • Laminaria abyssalis A.B. Joly & E.C. Oliveira — Southamerican Atlantic[9][10]
  • Laminaria agardhii Kjellman[11] — Atlántico de Nortemérica [12]
  • Laminaria appressirhiza J. E. Petrov & V. B. Vozzhinskaya [13]
  • Laminaria brasiliensis A. B. Loly & E. C. Oliveira
  • Laminaria brongardiana Postels & Ruprecht [14]
  • Laminaria bulbosa J. V. Lamouroux
  • Laminaria bullata Kjellman
  • Laminaria complanata (Setchell & N. L. Garder) Muenscher
  • Laminaria digitata (Hudson) J. V. Lamouroux
  • Laminaria ephemera Setchell — Pacific of North America: From Vancouver to California [15]
  • Laminaria farlowii Setchell — Coast of the North American Pacific [15]
  • Laminaria groenlandica — British Columbia
  • Laminaria hyperborea (Gunnerus) Foslie — North east Atlantic, Baltic Sea and North Sea.
  • Laminaria inclinatorhiza J. Petrov & V. Vozzhinskaya
  • Laminaria multiplicata J. Petrov & M. Suchovejeva
Laminaria digitata, Cyanotype by Anna Atkins, 1843
  • Laminaria nigripes J. Agardh
  • Laminaria ochroleuca Bachelot de la Pylaie
  • Laminaria pallida Greville — South Africa, [16] Indian Ocean, Canary Islands and de Tristán da Cunha [17]
  • Laminaria platymeris Bachelot de la Pylaie
  • Laminaria rodriguezii Barnet
  • Laminaria ruprechtii (Areschoug) Setchell
  • Laminaria sachalinensis (Miyabe) Miyabe
  • Laminaria setchellii P. C. Silva
  • Laminaria sinclairii (Harvey ex J. D. Hooker & Harvey) Farlow, Anderson & Eaton — North American Pacific coast [15]
  • Laminaria solidugula J. Agardh
  • Laminaria yezoensis Miyabe

References

  1. ^ "Devil's Apron". Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary. C. & G. Merriam Co.. 1913. http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Devil's+apron. 
  2. ^ "Devil's apron - Sea Vegetable". http://www.wellbeingbeingwell.co.uk/sea_vegetables/devil.html. Retrieved 2009-02-06. [dead link][unreliable source?]
  3. ^ Guiry, Michael. "Kelps: Laminaria and Saccharina". http://www.seaweed.ie/algae/laminaria.lasso. Retrieved 2009-02-06. [dead link][unreliable source?]
  4. ^ Culture of Kelp (Laminaria japonica) in China. FAO. June 1989. http://www.fao.org/docrep/field/003/AB724E/AB724E00.htm. 
  5. ^ C.Michael Hogan. 2011. Brown algae. eds. E.Monosson & C.J.Cleveland. Encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and the Environment. Washington DC
  6. ^ T. Tori (1998). An Illustrated Atlas of the Life History of Algae. Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. Tokyo. ISBN 4-7536-4057-4. [page needed]
  7. ^ M. D. Guiry & Wendy Guiry (2006-09-29). "Laminaria japonica J. E. Areschoug". AlgaeBase. http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=1316&sk=0&from=results. 
  8. ^ Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) J.V. Lamouroux The Seaweed Site. Retrieved 2011-09-20.
  9. ^ Yoneshigue-Valentin, Yocie (1990). "The life cycle of Laminaria abyssalis (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) en cultivo". Hydrobiologia 204–205 (1): 461–466. doi:10.1007/BF00040271. http://www.springerlink.com/content/nx5v56179q3w7153/. 
  10. ^ M. D. Guiry (2006-03-26). "Laminaria abyssalis A. B. Joly & E. B. Oliveira". AlgaeBase. http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=11397. 
  11. ^ M. D. Guiry (2004-09-23). "Laminaria agardhii Kjellman". AlgaeBase. http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=22942. 
  12. ^ Taylor (1957). Marine Algae of Northeastern Coast of North America. Ann Arbor. ISBN 0-472-04904-6. [page needed]
  13. ^ M. D. Guiry & Olga Selivanova (2006-09-19). "Laminaria appressirhiza J. E. Petrov & V. B. Vozzhinskaya". AlgaeBase. http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=131433. 
  14. ^ M. D. Guiry (2006-04-24). "Laminaria brongardiana Postels & Ruprecht". AlgaeBase. http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=26836. 
  15. ^ a b c I. A. Abbott & G. J. Hollenberg (1976). Marine Algae of California. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. ISBN 0-8047-0867-3. [page needed]
  16. ^ H. Stegenga, J. J. Bolton & R. J. Anderson (1997). Seaweeds of the South Africal West Coast. Bolus Herbarium Number 18, University of Cape Town. 
  17. ^ M. D. Guiry (2004-09-32). "Laminaria pallida Greville". AlgaeBase. http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=3461. 

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • laminaria — LAMINÁRIA s.f. Gen de algă marină brună care creşte în mările reci, folosită în farmacie, în medicină şi ca îngrăşământ organic (Laminaria); plantă care face parte din acest gen. [pr.: ri a] – cuv. lat. Trimis de LauraGellner, 16.05.2004. Sursa:… …   Dicționar Român

  • Laminarĭa — Lamour. (Riementang, Blatttang), Algengattung aus der Ordnung der Braunalgen (Phaeophyceae), Meergewächse mit wurzelartigem Haftorgan und gestieltem, lederartigem, blattähnlichem Thallus, auf welchem die einfächerigen Sporangten unregelmäßig… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • laminária — s. f. 1.  [Botânica] Gênero de algas feofíceas. 2.  [Brasil] Tubo de borracha, empregado em cirurgia na dilatação do canal uterino.   ‣ Etimologia: latim científico Laminaria …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • laminaria — s. f. Laminaria rodriguezi. Alga parda, alargada en forma de cinta, que vive fija en el fondo cercano a la costa …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • laminaria — [lam΄i ner′ē ə] n. [ModL < L lamina: see LAMINA] any of a genus (Laminaria) of marine kelp having fluted, ribbonlike blades attached at one end to a stalk and holdfast …   English World dictionary

  • Laminaria — Lam i*na ri*a, n. [NL. See {Lamina}.] (Bot.) A genus of great seaweeds with long and broad fronds; kelp, or devil s apron. The fronds commonly grow in clusters, and are sometimes from thirty to fifty feet in length. See Illust. of {Kelp}. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Laminarĭa — (L. Lamx), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie Fucaceae; Arten: olivengrüne, häutige, langgestielte, bandförmige Seetange; L. saccharina, von süßlichem Geschmack, beim Trocknen weißbeschlagend, wird wie L. esculenta in Island u. den Färöern gekocht… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Laminaria — Laminarĭa Mout., Riementang, Blattang, Algengattg. der Phäophyzeen, in den nördl. Meeren lebende große, blattartig gestaltete Meeresalgen mit lederigem Thallus. L. saccharīna Lamour. (Zuckertang) enthält Zucker (Mannit), wird als Salat genossen;… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • laminaria — Tipo de alga marina que se hincha al absorber agua. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la Salud, Ediciones Hancourt, S.A. 1999 …   Diccionario médico

  • Laminaria — Laminaria,   Gattung der Braunalgen mit 30 Arten in den nördlichen gemäßigten Meeren und an der Südspitze Afrikas; gehört zu den Blatttangen.   * * * La|mi|na|ria, die; , ...ien [zu lat. lamina, ↑lamé]: (bes. in den nördlichen Meeren vorkommende) …   Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.