Neo-Manueline

Neo-Manueline façade of Rossio Railway Station in Lisbon
The Neo-Manueline Real Gabinete Portuguez de Leitura in Rio de Janeiro

Neo-Manueline was a revival architecture and decorative arts style developed in Portugal between the middle of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. The style adopted the characteristics of the Manueline (or Portuguese Final Gothic) of the 16th century.

Contents

History

The term manuelino was introduced in 1842 by Brazilian art historian Francisco Adolfo de Varnhagen [1] to designate the exuberant artistic style that developed during the reign of Manuel I of Portugal (1495–1521). The Manueline style coincided with the Age of Discovery and the peak of Portuguese maritime power. In the sequence of the Gothic Revival architecture fashion that spread for all over Europe since the middle of the 18th century, the Manueline style was considered the most authentical Portuguese architectural style.

Neo-Manueline started with the construction of the Pena Palace in Sintra by Ferdinand II between 1839 and 1849[2]. Another pioneering project was the restoration of the Jerónimos Monastery in Lisbon during the 1860s, in which the Manueline monastery gained a new tower and annexes built in Neo-Manueline style (which now house the Maritime Museum and the National Archaeology Museum). During this time the iconic Belém Tower was also restored with several Neo-Manueline additions.

Neo-Manueline eventually spread to the colonies and former Portuguese colonies. In Brazil there are several Neo-Manueline buildings, usually built by Portuguese associations[3]. The most important of these is the Real Gabinete Português de Leitura (Royal Portuguese Library), built between 1880 and 1887 by Portuguese immigrants in the centre of Rio de Janeiro[4].

Other important Neo-Manueline buildings, in Portugal, are Rossio Railway Station, Lisbon (1886–1890), Palace Hotel of Bussaco (1888–1907), the Sintra Town Hall (1906–1909), the Counts of Castro Guimarães Palace in Cascais (1900) and the Quinta da Regaleira in Sintra (1904–1910). The Neo-Manueline was also used in smaller buildings like private houses.

In Brazil, apart from the Real Gabinete Português de Leitura (Royal Portuguese Library), Rio de Janeiro (1880–1887), Neo-Manueline buildings include the Portuguese Center in Santos (Centro Português de Santos, 1898–1901), the Portuguese Library of Bahia (1915–1918) and the Portuguese Literary Liceum (Liceu Literário Português) in Rio de Janeiro (1938).

Other examples of Neo-Manueline buildings can also be found in African and Asian territories of the former Portuguese Colonial Empire.

There are also some examples of Neo-Manueline style in countries that were not directly related with the Portuguese culture. A fine example is Morozov Palace (1894–1898) in Moscow, Russia.

Gallery


Footnotes

References

See also


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Manueline — The Tower of Belém, in Lisbon, is one of the most representative examples of Manueline style. The Manueline, or Portuguese late Gothic, is the sumptuous, composite Portuguese style of architectural ornamentation of the first decades of the 16th… …   Wikipedia

  • Neo-Grec — Severe Greek Revival in the tomb of the German actor Bogumil Dawison, died 1872, Dresden Neo Grec is a term referring to late manifestations of Neoclassicism, early Neo Renaissance now called the Greek Revival style, which was popularized in… …   Wikipedia

  • Neo-Byzantine architecture in the Russian Empire — Cathedral of Saint Vladimir in Kiev was the first neo Byzantine design approved for construction in Russian Empire (1852). It was not the first to be completed though, since construction started in 1859 and continued until 1889 …   Wikipedia

  • Northtowns Neo-Mediterranean — house in the Maple North Forest neighborhood of Amherst, New York …   Wikipedia

  • Renaissance Revival architecture — Neo Renaissance redirects here. For the style of jewelery, see Holbeinesque jewellery. Waddesdon Manor, of the Rothschild family, 1874 …   Wikipedia

  • National Archaeology Museum (Lisbon) — Neo Manueline entrance to the Museu Nacional de Arqueologia The National Archaeology Museum of Lisbon (Portuguese: Museu Nacional de Arqueologia) is located in Lisbon, Portugal. It is one of the most important Portuguese museums dedicated to… …   Wikipedia

  • Jerónimos Monastery — Coordinates: 38°41′51.60″N 9°12′21.60″W / 38.697667°N 9.206°W / 38.697667; 9.206 …   Wikipedia

  • Architectural style — Architectural styles classify architecture in terms of form, , materials, time period, region, etc. It overlaps with, and emerges from the study of the evolution and history of architecture. In architectural history, the study of Gothic… …   Wikipedia

  • Gothic Revival architecture — Notable Neo Gothic edifices: top: Palace of Westminster, London; left: Cathedral of Learning, Pittsburgh; right: Sint Petrus en Pauluskerk, Ostend …   Wikipedia

  • Belém Tower — Infobox World Heritage Site WHS = Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon State Party = POR Type = Cultural Criteria = iii, vi ID = 263 Region = Europe and North America Year = 1983 Session = 7th Link =… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.