Level 3 Communications

Infobox Company
company_name = Level 3 Communications, Inc.
company_type = Public (Nasdaq|LVLT)
foundation = 1985
location = Broomfield, Colorado, USA
key_people = James (Jim) Q. Crowe CEO
industry = Communications Backbone
products =
revenue = profit$4.269 billion USD (2007)
operating_income = loss $668.00 million USD (2007)
net_income = loss $1.114 billion USD (2007)
num_employees = 6,500 (2007)
homepage = [http://www.level3.com www.level3.com]
footnotes =

:"Not to be confused with L-3 Communications, a communications system company."

Level 3 Communications Nasdaq|LVLT is a communications and information services company headquartered in Broomfield, Colorado, USA. It has operating locations throughout the US and Europe. The company operates one of the largest communications and Internet backbones in the world. Level 3 is a Tier 1 network and the current owner of AS1, but it operationally uses AS3356, which as of 2007 consistently has one of the highest ranked connectivity degrees on the Internet. [ [http://www.caida.org/research/topology/as_core_network/ Visualizing Internet Topology at a Macroscopic Scale] April 2005] [ [http://as-rank.caida.org/ AS ranking] ]


Level 3 was founded in 1985 as Diversified Group, a subsidiary of Peter Kiewit Sons' Incorporated; the company was created to handle the Kiewit assets not related to construction and coal mining. On January 19, 1998, the company changed its name to Level 3 Communications. Two months later, on April 1, 1998, Level 3 became an independent company and began trading on NASDAQ.


Level 3 operates one of the largest backbone networks of any Internet service provider. Interconnections between major cities are done via one or more OC-192 or 10 Gb/s Ethernet links. Its network covers the continental US, and most of Western Europe. Level 3 maintains over 100 Gbit/s of trans-Atlantic bandwidth via OC-192 and 10GigE circuits, linking the two halves of its network.

Level 3's primary focus is selling service to organizations with large bandwidth requirements, such as telecom carriers, cable TV operators, universities, web hosting companies, and to other, smaller ISPs, often known as Tier 2 carriers. As of Q1 2006 the Level 3 IP backbone was carrying over 5.1 petabytes of traffic per dayFact|date=November 2007. Level 3 also provides specialized services for businesses, such as VPN, metro ethernet, voice services, and Video Transport services. Level 3 provides the backhaul video services from stadiums and arenas throughout the US to network head-end service points for NBA, NHL, MLB, and NFL events.

Level 3 owns a large amount of dark fiber. It occasionally leases this fiber out to other providers, companies, or organizations who wish to operate their own backbones between cities.

Level 3 is one of the largest providers of wholesale dial-up service to ISPs in North America and is the primary provider of Internet connectivity for tens of millions of broadband subscribers through its cable and DSL partners.

The world’s largest telecom carriers use Level 3 services, as do the 10 largest U.S. Internet Service Providers, and the 10 largest European telecom carriers.

The company offers a wide range of communications and content delivery services over its approximately 46,000 mile intercity broadband fiber optic network including Internet Protocol (IP) services, broadband transport, colocation services, and patented Softswitch-based managed modem and voice services. Services offered under the “Level 3 Communications” brand include:
*Internet access services
*Managed modem dial-up services
*Broadband transport
*IP-centric voice services
*Private packet-switched and circuit-switched (Private Line) services
*Content Delivery Network services
*Metropolitan and intercity dark fiber
*Vyvx Fiber Video TransportBased on the amount of Internet traffic on Level 3’s IP backbone, Level 3 is among the largest Internet carriers in the world. Through Level 3’s dial-up ISP customers, the company’s dial-up infrastructure is accessible to approximately 90% of the U.S. population. When a typical Internet user at home dials the Internet using a modem in the U.S., there is better than a one-in-three chance that their call is being completed within a Level 3 data center.

VoIP services

Level 3 is a Network Services Provider for several Voice over IP (VoIP) companies, providing among other services a Direct Inward Dialing (DID) number. Level 3 offers customers local DIDs that cover over 93% of the U.S. population, making Level 3 the largest CLEC in the U.S. This coverage was built to serve the Managed Modem data dial-up business in the late 1990s and has since been leveraged to provide local voice services as modem traffic has matured and declined.

Level 3 provides E911 services to VoIP providers to ensure that every 911 call goes to the correct 911 center with the correct information to quickly aid in dispatching emergency services. Level 3 covers 91% of all U.S. households with 911 coverage. Level 3 also offers one of the industry's first I2, NENA-compliant nomadic 911 services. The FCC has mandated that all VoIP providers offer a nomadic 911 service, although as of July 2006 they have not been enforcing the requirement.

ignificant acquisitions

Level 3 has a tradition of making acquisitions, having acquired more than 20 companies or business units between 1998 and the present. In 2003, Level 3 acquired substantially all the assets of Genuity (a spin-off of GTE that included the former BBN) from bankruptcy. Since the end of 2005, Level 3 has made a number of significant acquisitions including Wiltel Communications (completed 23 December 2005), Progress Telecom (completed 20 March 2006), ICG Communications (completed 31 May 2006), Telcove (formerly Adelphia Business Solutions, completed 24 July 2006), Looking Glass Networks (completed 2 August 2006), Broadwing Corporation (completed 3 January 2007), the content delivery network of SAVVIS (completed 22 January 2007) and, most recently, Servecast Limited (announced 11 July 2007). Though Level 3 has had challenges with integrations it appears to be recovering by fulfilling its customer commitments for provisioning and support. Level 3 maintains its guidance to have positive quarters as seen by the first quarter outperforming the previous guidance. Level 3 expects that this will continue throughout 2008 and has recently had its stock upgraded by Wachovia as they agree with this trend as well.


External links

* [http://www.level3.com/ Official website]

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