Rainbow Group (1984–1989)


Rainbow Group (1984–1989)

Infobox European Parliament group
name = Rainbow Group (84–89)
title = Rainbow Group (84–89)




imagecaption = RBW logo
from=1984
to=1989
precededby = Group for the Technical Coordination and Defence of Independent Groups and Members
succeededby = Rainbow Group in the European Parliament,
The Green Group in the European Parliament
englishabbr = RBW
frenchabbr = ARC
formalname = Rainbow Group: Federation of the Green Alternative European Links, Agalev-Ecolo, the Danish People's Movement against Membership of the European Community, and the European Free Alliance, in the European Parliament
associated = Green Alternative European Link
European Free Alliance
ideology = Green politics, Regionalism
chairs = Else Hammerich,
Jaak Vandemeulebroucke,
Bram van der Lek,
Paul Staes
meps = 20 (July 23, 1984)|
The Rainbow Group: Federation of the Green Alternative European Links, Agalev-Ecolo, the Danish People's Movement against Membership of the European Community, and the European Free Alliance, in the European Parliament (informally the "Rainbow Group") was a Green, far left and Regionalist political group with seats in the European Parliament between 1984 and 1989.

History

The Rainbow Group, was formed in 1984 as a coalition of Greens, Regionalists and other parties of the left unaffiliated with any of the international organizations.

The German Greens and the Dutch Green Progressive Alliance were weakened by a principle of rotation used by the Germany and Dutch parties, requiring its MEPs to sit for only half their five-year term.

In 1989 Rainbow split. The Greens went off to form the Green Group, whilst the Regionalists stayed in Rainbow. This new Rainbow had the shorter name of Rainbow Group in the European Parliament.

Member Parties

Nomenclature

The formal name of the 84-89 Rainbow was "Rainbow Group: Federation of the Green Alternative European Links, Agalev-Ecolo, the Danish People's Movement against Membership of the European Community, and the European Free Alliance, in the European Parliament". This is the longest name of any European Parliament Group to date.

ources

* [http://emlab.berkeley.edu/users/groland/pubs/HNR-Democracy_in_the_EP-11July05.pdf Democracy in the European Parliament] [http://emlab.berkeley.edu/users/groland/pubs/HNR-Democracy_in_the_EP-11July05.pdf Democracy in the European Parliament] ]
* [http://www.europe-politique.eu Europe Politique] [http://www.europe-politique.eu/groupe-arc-en-ciel.htm G/EFA on Europe Politique] ]
* [http://www.europarl.europa.eu/members/archive.do?language=EN European Parliament MEP Archives] [http://www.europarl.europa.eu/members/archive/term2/view.do?language=EN&id=1619 European Parliament profile of Else Hammerich] ] [http://www.europarl.europa.eu/members/archive/term3/view.do?language=EN&id=1470 European Parliament profile of Jaak Vandemeulebroucke] ]
* [http://www.ena.lu?doc=4327&lang=2 Development of Political Groups in the European Parliament] [http://www.ena.lu?doc=4327&lang=2 Development of Political Groups in the European Parliament] ]

References


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