- List of aircraft hijackings
The following is a list of notable
aircraft hijackings around the world.
List of notable aircraft hijackings
*flagicon|Portugal1961: aircraft forced to circle
Lisbonto drop leaflets. 6 hijackers were involved.
23 July, 1968: To date, the only successful El Alhijacking attempt, as three members of Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine(PFLP) hijack El Al Flight 426from Rometo Tel Aviv. Diverting to Algiersthe negotiations extend over forty days. Both the hijackers and the hostages go free.
*flagicon|Japanflagicon|South Koreaflagicon|North Korea 1970,
March 31: Japan Airlines Flight 351, carrying 131 passengers and 7 crew from Tokyoto Fukuoka, is hijacked by nine members of the Japanese Red Armygroup. 23 passengers were freed at Fukuoka Airport, mainly children or old aged. 108 passengers and all crew members with Red Army group left Fukuoka, bound for Gimpo Airport, near Seoul. Three days after, Red Army group ask to be flown to North Koreancapital Pyongyang, before leaving from Seoul, 103 passenger and crew hostages are freed, and nine Red Army group members surrendered to North Korean authorities.
January 30: Indian Airlines Fokker F27on scheduled Srinagar- Jammuflignt is hijacked to Lahoreby two self-proclaimed Kashmir Separatists. All passengers were released by February 2and repatriated to India, but the aircraft was blown-up--leading to an India-Pakistan air-travel ban, and suspension of overflight rights until 1976.
*flagicon|Palestine1970, September: As part of the
Dawson's Field hijackings, PFLP members attempted to hijack four aircraft simultaneously. They succeeded on three and forced the planes to fly to the Jordanian desert, where the hijackers blew up the aircraft after releasing most of the hostages. The final hostages were freed in exchange for seven Palestinian prisoners. The fourth attack on an El Alplane by two people including Leila Khalidwas foiled by armed guards aboard.
*flagicon|Palestineflagicon|Franceflagicon|Israelflagicon|Uganda 1976: The Palestinian hijack of
Air FranceFlight 139 is brought to an end at Entebbe Airport, Ugandaby Operation Entebbe: Israeli commandos assault the building holding the hijackers and hostages killing all Palestinian hijackers and rescuing 105 persons, almost all Israeli hostages; three passengers and one commando are killed.
TWA Flight 355was hijacked by Croatian separatists. Some passengers were allowed to deplane in Canada before the hijackers continued on to Iceland, then France, where they released the remaining passengers and surrendered to authorities. One New York police officer was killed while working on a bomb which the hijackers had planted at Grand Central Station.
*flagicon|Germanyflagicon|Palestine flagicon|Somalia 1977:
Lufthansa Flight 181(also known as the "Landshut") was hijacked by Palestinian highjackers on a flight from Palma de Mallorcato Frankfurt. The ordeal ended in Mogadishu when GSG 9commandos stormed the plane. Three hijackers were killed and 86 hostages were freed. The pilot was killed. The hand of West Germany's Red Army Factionwas suspected.
Pakistan International Airlinesjet is hijacked and taken to Kabul, where one passenger is killed before the plane flies on to Damascus; the hostages are finally released after 13 days when the Pakistani Government agrees to free fifty political prisoners.
*flagicon|Indonesia 1981: The Hijacking of Flight
Garuda IndonesiaGA 206 on 28 March 1981. This was the first serious Indonesian airline hijacking, since the first case was a desperate Marine hijacker who was killed by the pilot himself. The hijackers, a group called Commando Jihad, hijacked the DC 9"Woyla", onroute from Palembangto Medan, and ordered the pilot to fly the plane to Colombo, Sri Lanka. But since the plane didn't have enough fuel, it refueled in Penang, Malaysiaand then to Don Muang, Thailand. The hijackers demanded the release of Commando Jihad members imprisoned in Indonesia, and US $ 1.5 million, as well as a plane to take those prisoners to an unspecified destination. The Kopassuscommandos who took part in this mission trained for only three days with totally unfamiliar weapons, brilliantly executed this fast-paced operation. One of the Kopassus commandos was shot by the hijacker leader, who then shot himself. All the other hijackers were killed. All the hostages were saved. Fact|date=August 2007
Aer Lingusflight from Dublinto Londonwas hijacked and diverted to Le Touquetin Franceby a man demanding that the Poperelease the third secret of Fatima. While authorities negotiated with the hijacker by radio in the cockpit, French special forces entered the rear of the aircraft and overpowered him.
1982 July 1: A Sri Lankan, identified as Sepala Ekanayake, who was 33 years old, hijacked an Alitaliajumbo jet from Bangkok, Thailand, in order to be united with his wife and child and to return to Sri Lanka.
1982 August 22: A lone Sikhmilitant, armed with a pistol and a hand grenade, hijacked a Indian Airlineson a scheduled flight from Mumbaito New Delhicarrying 69 persons. Indian security forces killed the hijacker and rescued all passengers. Peter Lamont, production designer working on the James Bondfilm Octopussy, was a passenger.
Tbilisi hijacking incident
1984 August 24: Seven young Sikhhijackers demanded an Indian Airlinesjetliner flying from Delhito Srinagar[ [http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19840824-2&lang=en ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 737-2A8 Lahore, Karachi, Dubai ] ] be flown to the United Arab Emirates. The plane was taken to UAEwhere the defense minister of UAE negotiated the release of the passengers. It was related to the Sikh secessionist struggle in the Indian state of Punjab.
December 3: Kuwait Airways Flight 221 Lebanese Shi'ahijackers divert a Kuwait Airwaysflight to Tehran. Two American USAID officials are shot dead and dumped on the tarmac. The plane is taken by Iranian security forces who were dressed as custodial staff. [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/1578183.stm]
*flagicon|Lebanon1985 flagicon|United States: Lebanese Shi'a Amal hijackers divert
TWA Flight 847from Athensto Beirutwith 153 people on board. The stand-off ends after Israelfrees 31 Lebanese prisoners.
*flagicon|Palestine flagicon|Egypt flagicon|Malta1985:Three
Palestinianmembers of the Abu Nidal Organizationhijacked on November 23, its Athensto Cairoroute, EgyptAir Flight 648and fly it to Malta. All together, 60 people died, most of them when Egyptian commandos stormed the aircraft.
*flagicon|Pakistan flagicon|United States1986: 22 people are killed when
Pakistani security forces storm Pan Am Flight 73at Karachi, carrying 400 passengers and crew after a 16-hour siege.
March 8: Ovechkin family(a mother and her 10 children) attempted to hijack a Tu 154flight from Irkutskto Leningradwhile trying to escape from the USSR. The plane landed on a military airfield near Vyborgand was then stormed. A stewardess and three passengers were killed. The mother was killed by one of her sons by her own request, then four of them committed suicide.
*flagicon|Kuwait flagicon|Algeria 1988: Two
Kuwaitis are killed in 1988 when Lebanese gunmen hijack a Kuwait Airways Flight 422 (aljabriya) from Bangkok Thailandand force it to fly to Algierswith more than 110 people on board; the hijack ends after 16 days when the hijackers free the remaining hostages and are allowed to leave Algiers.
*flagicon|People's Republic of China1990: Hijackers seized a plane from the
People's Republic of Chinawhich later crashed as it tried to land in Canton, killing 128 people.
26 March, Singapore Airlines Flight 117hijacked by 4 individuals claiming to be members of the Pakistan Peoples Party. Elite Singapore Special Operations Forcemembers stormed the plane on 27 March, killing all four hijackers and freeing all 118 passengers and 9 crew in an operation lasting just 30 seconds. None of the passengers and crew were hurt.
11 February, LufthansaFlight 592 scheduled service from Frankfurtto Cairoand Addis Ababa, was hijacked at gunpoint by a lone Ethiopian man. The A310 initially flew to Hannoverfor fuel before flying to New York's JFK where the hijacker surrendered after brief negotiations. No passengers or crew were injured or killed.
*flagicon|India1993:Two separate hijackings of
Indian Airlinesaircraft to Amritsar, Punjab, India in the month of April. In the first case the hijacker was talked into surrendering; in the second, the Commandos stormed in and killed the sole hijacker. The Amritsar Deputy Commissioner Karan Bir Singh Sidhu was conferred the "Convoy Safe Skies Award".
*flagicon|USA1994: FedEx Flight 705 hijacked by disgruntled employee
Auburn Callowayas it left Memphis, Tennessee, with the intention of using it as a cruise missileagainst FedEx HQ. He was subdued by the flight crew before an emergency landing back at Memphis.
*flagicon|Algeria flagicon|France 1994:
Air France Flight 8969was hijacked from Algerby four GIA terrorists planning to crash into the Eiffel Towerin central Paris. After the murder of 3 passengers, GIGNcommandos stormed the plane in Marseilles, killing all hijackers and freeing all passengers.This hijacking marked a landmark: the first known hijacking where the intention was to destroy the aircraft and passengers, and use the fuelled aircraft as a missile to destroy ground targets, rather than to achieve political and publicity goals.
Iranian defector and flight attendant Rida Gararihijacked Kish Airflight 707, which landed in Israel. No casualties.
Hemus AirTu-154 aircraft was hijacked by the PalestinianNadir Abdallah, flying from Beirutto Varna. The hijacker demamded that the aircraft be refuelled and given passage to Oslo, Norwayafter landing at Varna Airport. All of the 150 passengers were freed at Varna, afterwards the crew continued the flight to Oslo.
Ethiopian AirlinesFlight 961 crashed into the Indian Oceannear a beach in the Comoros Islandsafter hijackers refused to allow the pilot to land and refuel the plane. 125 passengers die and 50 survive. This is only the third incident in which there were survivors of a passenger jet that intentionally ditched into water.
*flagicon|Malta1997: Two men who hijacked an
Air Maltaaircraft en route from Maltato Turkeyon June 9 1997surrendered to police at Cologneairport early on the same day and freed without incident about 80 crew members and passengers on board.
All Nippon Airways Flight 61is hijacked by a lone man. He kills the pilot before he is subdued.
*flagicon|India flagicon|Afghanistan flagicon|Pakistan 1999-2000:
Pakistan-based terrorists hijack Indian Airlines Flight 814and divert it to Kandahar. After a week-long stand-off India agrees to release three jailed Pakistani terrorists in exchange for the hostages. 1 hostage was stabbed to death and his body thrown on the tarmac as a "warning attack".
Ariana Afghan Airlines Boeing 727is hijacked on an internal flight within Taliban-controlled Afghanistan, and ended up at London Stansted Airport, where most of the passengers claimed political asylum.
Philippine Airlines Flight 812was hijacked en route from Davao City, Philippinesto Manila. The hijacker parachuted from the aircraft while still airborne; his body was later found.
*flagicon|USA2001: September 11 attacks, eastern USA: 19 terrorists hijacked
American Airlinesflights 11 and 77, and United Airlinesflights 93 and 175. The four heavily-fuelled aircraft were used as missilesto attack targets of economic, military, and political significance in the worst terrorist attack in U.S. history. Two of the planes, UA175 and AA11 were crashed into New York City's twin World Trade Centertowers, destroying the entire complex and killing about 3,000 people. In Washington, D.C.AA77 was crashed into the Pentagon, causing massive destruction and many deaths; an attack on the Capitolwas averted when passengers intervened and UA93 crashed into a field, although all those on the aircraft perished.
This marked a landmark in hijacking: the first successful hijacking where the intention was to destroy the aircraft and passengers, and use the fuelled aircraft as a missile to destroy ground targets, rather than to achieve political and publicity goals. It also marked a landmark in responses to the threat of hijacking: until then the recommended response was for the crew to obey the hijackers' demands so as to safeguard the passengers and buy time; after this the policy was more about preventing access to the cockpit and pilots, and aggressive responses. From this time air passengers worldwide were prohibited from having anything remotely like a bladed weapon in the passenger cabin: scissors, tweezers, nailfiles, etc.
Turkish Airlines Flight 1476, flying from Tiranato Istanbul, was hijacked in Greek airspace. The aircraft, with 107 passengers and six crew on board, transmitted two coded hijack signals which were picked up by the Greek air force; the flight was intercepted by military aircraft and landed safely at Brindisi, Italy.
Aeroflot Airbus A320flying from Moscow to Geneva was hijacked by a drunk man in Prague and there released crew and passengers after he was arrested by the Czech Republic.
Air WestBoeing 737 was hijacked over Sudan, but landed safely at N'Djamena, Chad.
Air Mauritanie Boeing 737flying from Nouakchottto Las Palmas with 87 passengers on board was hijacked by a man who wanted to fly to Paris, but the plane landed in an air base near Las Palmas and the hijacker, a Moroccan, was arrested. [ [http://www.usatoday.com/news/world/2007-02-15-air-mauritania_x.htm Passengers overpower plane hijacker in Spain's Canary Islands, suspect arrested - USATODAY.com ] ]
*flagicon|Northern Cyprus2007: an
Atlasjet MD-80en route from Nicosiato Istanbulwas hijacked by two Arab students, who said they were Al Qaedaoperatives, one trained in Afghanistan, and wanted to go to Tehran, Iran. The plane landed in Antalya, the passengers escaped and the hijackers were arrested. [ [http://www.iht.com/articles/2007/08/19/europe/turkey.php Pilots and passengers foil hijacking of Turkish jet - International Herald Tribune ] ]
Sun Air Boeing 737flying from Nyala, Darfur, in Western Sudan to the Sudanese capital, Khartoum, was hijacked shortly after takeoff. The hijackers demanded to be taken to Francewhere they reputedly wanted to gain asylum. The plane initially tried to land at Cairobut was refused permission. It subsequently touched down at Kufra, Lybia. The hijackers gave themselves up almost 24 hours after taking the plane. There were no reported casualties.
List of Cuba-US aircraft hijackings
List of hijacking of Indian aeroplanes
List of hijacking of Turkish airplanes
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