Lingyan Temple (zh-stp|t=靈巖寺|s=灵岩寺|p=Língyán Sì) is a Buddhist temple located convert|20|km|mi from
Tai'anin Changqing(长清), Shandong, China.Valder, 118.] The temple grounds are situated along the western Taishan range. The temple has a long recorded history, the notable landmark of the 11th century Pizhi Pagodatower, and the Thousand Buddha Hall which houses a Ming Dynastybronze Buddha statue as well as 40 painted clay statues of life-size luohanfrom the Song Dynasty.Valder, 119.]
The original temple was established in the Yongxing reign period (357–358), during the reign of
Fú Jiān(r. 357–385) of the Former Qinstate. Gaining a greater reputation during the Northern Wei(386–534), the temple reached its apex of importance during the Tang Dynasty(618–907) and Song Dynasty(960–1279). There were over 40 different wooden temple halls located at the temple, composing more than 500 monastic rooms. [http://www.chinaculture.org/gb/en_travel/2003-09/24/content_32399.htm Lingyan Temple] . From ChinaCulture.org. Retrieved on 2008-02-12.] More than 500 Buddhist monks lived at Lingyan Temple during its height. The oldest structures at the site ate the various stone stupas and square-based stone Chinese pagodain the pavilion style from the Tang Dynasty, the 8th century Huichong Pagoda. Of the 167 stone stupas at the temple, no two are identical, and like the luohan statues of the Thousand Buddha Hall, have been well-preserved and untouched by the Cultural Revolution. The tallest structure of the temple is the 54 m (177 ft) tall Pizhi Pagoda, built originally in 753, although the present structure was built from 1056 to 1063. [http://japanese.10thnpc.org.cn/english/TR-e/43303.htm Pizhi Pagoda at Lingyan Temple in Changqing of Shandong Province] . From China.org.cn. Retrieved on 2008-02-12.] Although the wooden halls were all reconstructed during the Ming Dynasty(1368–1644) and Qing Dynasty(1644–1912), the stone pedestals at the base of the pillars in the Thousand Buddha Hall are the original work of the Tang and Song eras.
Pagodas and stupas
Architecture of the Song Dynasty
*Valder, Peter. (2002). "Gardens in China". Portland: The Timber Press, Inc. ISBN 0881925551.
* [http://www.chinaculture.org/gb/en_travel/2003-09/24/content_32399.htm Lingyan Temple at ChinaCulture.org]
* [http://www.china.org.cn/english/TR-e/43122.htm Huichong Pagoda at China.org.cn]
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