Open top bus
Until the 1920s most, if not all, double-decker buses were constructed with no roof on the upper deck, and were the original "open-toppers".
Open top buses are now primarily used as tour buses for sightseeing in cities, or around rural monuments or areas of special interest. These often include specialist information equipment, and colourful liveries illustrating the route.
Open top buses can also see service in some regions on regular public transport transit bus services, in warm climates, or as seasonal services in temperate climates. Seasonal services are often in seaside towns, or along rural or coastal routes of particular scenic quality.
Open top buses are also often used for victory parades for sport teams, and as temporary viewing platforms at events such as the Epsom Derby. Vintage open toppers can also find use for hire at events such as weddings.
The traditional tour bus open topper was usually either a restored heritage bus, or a converted standard bus. Sometimes the bus is converted if its top has been damaged by hitting a low obstacle e.g. a bridge. Tour operators sometimes export a double-decker bus from the United Kingdom, and convert it to an open top bus. This is to give the impression of an archetypal British bus, such as the Routemaster London bus, although often the bus actually purchased is not a Routemaster.
In recent years with the growth in tourism, open top bus designs have become available to be purchased new, often with long multiple axle and low floor Easy Access features. In the past, and in smaller companies, open top buses were converted from regular service buses, sometimes after a de-roofing bridge strike type accident.
The open deck in an open top bus may have the roof partially or fully removed, with a guard rail. An intact roof section may be left at the front or rear, and the full/half window height may remain in the open sections. Some open top buses may feature a re-fittable roof section, for fitting in inclement weather. Some may also feature upper deck seats specially outfitted to withstand the elements.
Open top buses are also used in ceremonies such as the celebration of football team championship wins or by notable people in a parade to ensure maximum visibility. This may be a security concern just like the use of convertible limousines, e.g. in 2009 an open top bus carrying the Dutch Royal Family was attacked by an assailant.
- Open top buses in the United Kingdom
- List of buses
BusesList of buses Configuration Special uses Technologies ManufacturingBus manufacturing · Bus manufacturersCategory: Buses
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Open top buses in the United Kingdom — An East Lancs Visionaire open top bus, run by The Original Tour in London. Open top buses, or open toppers, are used for a variety of reasons in the United Kingdom, mainly for sightseeing and seasonal services. Open top buses are also often… … Wikipedia
Open top buses in Weston-super-Mare — An open top bus passing the Winter Gardens Pavilion Open top buses in Weston super Mare, Somerset, England, were introduced in 1950 and have run along the sea front every summer since. The current route runs from Weston super Mare railway station … Wikipedia
Open top buses in Torbay — Two generations of open top bus in Torbay. Stagecoach Devon Scania 15329 John Hayes (left) and Devon General Sea Dog Atlantean 925 Admiral Blake. Devon General first operated open top buses in Torbay in 1919 but reintroduced open top buses on… … Wikipedia
open-top — also open topped ADJ: ADJ n An open top bus has no roof, so that the people sitting on the top level can see or be seen more easily. An open top car has no roof or has a roof that can be removed. He took me and my friend Cynthia to the movies in… … English dictionary
Bus manufacturing — describes the manufacturing of buses and coaches.HistoryBus manufacturing had its earliest origins in carriage building. Other bus manufacturers had their origins in truck manufacturing. Historically, bus chassis were shared between truck designs … Wikipedia
Bus advertising — Buses and their related infrastructure is a medium commonly used by advertisers to reach the public with their message. Usually this takes the form of promoting commercial brands, but can also be used for public campain messages. Buses may also… … Wikipedia
Bus — This article is about Road vehicles designed to carry passengers. For longer distance passenger vehicles, see Coach (vehicle). For other uses, see Bus (disambiguation). An Arriva double decker bus, running route 102 on the London Buses network … Wikipedia
Bus stop — For other uses, see Bus stop (disambiguation). Bus shelter for the RIT system in Curitiba, Brasil A bus stop is a designated place where buses stop for passengers to board or leave a bus. These are normally positioned on the highway and are… … Wikipedia
Bus station — Kamppi Centre is the largest underground bus station in Europe … Wikipedia
Bus bunching — Two buses on the same route in the same location In public transport bus bunching, clumping, or platooning refers to a group of two or more transit vehicles along the same route, such as buses or trains, which are scheduled to be evenly spaced,… … Wikipedia