img_coa = Ferentino-Stemma.png
official_name = Comune di Ferentino
province = Frosinone (FR)
elevation_m = 393
area_total_km2 = 80
December 31, 2004
population_total = 20461
population_density_km2 = 249
timezone = CET, UTC+1
coordinates = coord|41|41|N|13|15|E
frazioni = Porciano
telephone = 0775
postalcode = 03013
gentilic = Ferentinesi or Ferentinati
saint = St. Ambrose
mayor = Piergianni Fiorletta (since May, 2003)
website = [http://www.comune.ferentino.fr.it www.comune.ferentino.fr.it]
Ferentino is a town and "
comune" in Italy, in the province of Frosinone, Lazio, 65 km southeast of Rome.It is situated on a hill 400 m above sea-level.
"Ferentinum "was a town of the
Hernici; it was captured from them by the Romans in 364 BC and took no part in the rising of 306 BC. The inhabitants became Roman citizens after 195 BC, and the place later became a municipium. It lay just above the Via Latinaand, being a strong place, served for the detention of hostages.
From 1198 to 1557 it was the seat of the Papal rectorate of
Campagna and Marittimaprovince.
World War IIFerentino experimented a strong industrial growth.
Ferentino still possesses considerable remains of ancient fortifications. The lower portion of the outer walls, which probably did not stand free, is built of roughly hewn blocks of a limestone which naturally splits into horizontal layers; above this in places is walling of rectangular blocks of
tuff. Two gates, the "Porta Maggiore", a double gate constructed entirely of rectangular blocks of tuff, and the" Porta Sanguinaria" (with an arch with tuff voussoirs), are preserved. Outside this gate is the testament of Aulus Quinctilius Priscusinscribed in the rock.
The highest part of the town, the
acropolis, is fortified also; it has massive retaining walls similar to those of the lower town. At the eastern corner, under the present episcopal palace, the construction is somewhat more careful. A projecting rectangular terrace has been erected, supported by walls of quadrilateral blocks of limestone arranged almost horizontally;while upon the level thus formed a building of rectangular blocks of local travertine was raised. The projecting cornice of this building bears two inscriptions of the period of Sulla, recording its construction by two censors (local officials); and in the interior, which contains several chambers, there is an inscription of the same censors over one of the doors, and another over a smaller external aide door. The windows lighting these chambers come immediately above the cornice, and the wall continues above them again. The whole of this construction probably belongs to one period.
The Cathedral of Sts. John and Paul occupies a part of the level top of the ancient acropolis; it was reconstructed on the site of an older church in 1099-1118; the interior was modernized in 1693, but was restored to its original form in 1902. It contains a fine
cyboriumin the Cosmatesquestyle and a 12th century mosaic pavement.
The Gothic church of "Santa Maria Maggiore", in the lower town (13th-14th century), has a very fine exterior; the interior, the plan of which is a perfect rectangle, has been spoilt by restoration. Other religious edifices include the Benedictine church of "San Valentino" (mostly remade after World War II, but still including 13th century frescoes) and the Romanesque monastery of "Sant'Antonio Abate", which housed the remains of
Pope Celestine Vuntil 1327. The latter's heart is preserved in the small convent church of the Clarisse (17th century).
San Severino Marche, Italy
Rockford, Illinois, USA
* [http://www.ferentino.eu/ Ferentino.eu - Ferentino: history, people and sightseeing]
* [http://www.associazioneilcartello.it/ Il Cartello - an artists collective promoting a large number of cultural activities in Ferentino]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Ferentino — Ferentino … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Ferentino, Diocese of — • In the province of Rome, immediately subject to the Holy See Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia