Ferentino

Infobox CityIT
img_coa = Ferentino-Stemma.png official_name = Comune di Ferentino
region = Lazio
province = Frosinone (FR)
elevation_m = 393
area_total_km2 = 80
population_as_of = December 31, 2004
population_total = 20461
population_density_km2 = 249
timezone = CET, UTC+1
coordinates = coord|41|41|N|13|15|E
frazioni = Porciano
telephone = 0775
name=Ferentino
mapx=41.66
mapy=13.25
postalcode = 03013
gentilic = Ferentinesi or Ferentinati
saint = St. Ambrose
day = May 1
mayor = Piergianni Fiorletta (since May, 2003)
website = [http://www.comune.ferentino.fr.it www.comune.ferentino.fr.it]

Ferentino is a town and "comune" in Italy, in the province of Frosinone, Lazio, 65 km southeast of Rome.It is situated on a hill 400 m above sea-level.

History

"Ferentinum "was a town of the Hernici; it was captured from them by the Romans in 364 BC and took no part in the rising of 306 BC. The inhabitants became Roman citizens after 195 BC, and the place later became a municipium. It lay just above the Via Latina and, being a strong place, served for the detention of hostages.

From 1198 to 1557 it was the seat of the Papal rectorate of Campagna and Marittima province.

After World War II Ferentino experimented a strong industrial growth.

Main sights

Ferentino still possesses considerable remains of ancient fortifications. The lower portion of the outer walls, which probably did not stand free, is built of roughly hewn blocks of a limestone which naturally splits into horizontal layers; above this in places is walling of rectangular blocks of tuff . Two gates, the "Porta Maggiore", a double gate constructed entirely of rectangular blocks of tuff, and the" Porta Sanguinaria" (with an arch with tuff voussoirs), are preserved. Outside this gate is the testament of Aulus Quinctilius Priscus inscribed in the rock.

The highest part of the town, the acropolis, is fortified also; it has massive retaining walls similar to those of the lower town. At the eastern corner, under the present episcopal palace, the construction is somewhat more careful. A projecting rectangular terrace has been erected, supported by walls of quadrilateral blocks of limestone arranged almost horizontally;while upon the level thus formed a building of rectangular blocks of local travertine was raised. The projecting cornice of this building bears two inscriptions of the period of Sulla, recording its construction by two censors (local officials); and in the interior, which contains several chambers, there is an inscription of the same censors over one of the doors, and another over a smaller external aide door. The windows lighting these chambers come immediately above the cornice, and the wall continues above them again. The whole of this construction probably belongs to one period.

The Cathedral of Sts. John and Paul occupies a part of the level top of the ancient acropolis; it was reconstructed on the site of an older church in 1099-1118; the interior was modernized in 1693, but was restored to its original form in 1902. It contains a fine cyborium in the Cosmatesque style and a 12th century mosaic pavement.

The Gothic church of "Santa Maria Maggiore", in the lower town (13th-14th century), has a very fine exterior; the interior, the plan of which is a perfect rectangle, has been spoilt by restoration. Other religious edifices include the Benedictine church of "San Valentino" (mostly remade after World War II, but still including 13th century frescoes) and the Romanesque monastery of "Sant'Antonio Abate", which housed the remains of Pope Celestine V until 1327. The latter's heart is preserved in the small convent church of the Clarisse (17th century).

Twin towns

*flagicon|RUS Ekaterinburg, Russia
*flagicon|ITA San Severino Marche, Italy
*flagicon|USA Rockford, Illinois, USA

Links

* [http://www.ferentino.eu/ Ferentino.eu - Ferentino: history, people and sightseeing]
* [http://www.associazioneilcartello.it/ Il Cartello - an artists collective promoting a large number of cultural activities in Ferentino]

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Ferentino — ▪ Italy Latin  Ferentinum,         town, Lazio (Latium) regione, central Italy. The town is situated on a hill that commands the Sacco valley and the Via Casilina (the ancient Roman road Via Latina), 46 miles (65 km) southeast of Rome. The… …   Universalium

  • Ferentino — Original name in latin Ferentino Name in other language Ferentino, Ферентино State code IT Continent/City Europe/Rome longitude 41.69532 latitude 13.2564 altitude 379 Population 20103 Date 2012 02 15 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Ferentino — Sp Ferentinas Ap Ferentino L P Italija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Ferentino, Diocese of — • In the province of Rome, immediately subject to the Holy See Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia


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