Boreal Cordillera

The Boreal Cordillera is a Canadian terrestrial ecozone occupying most of the northern third of British Columbia and southern half of the Yukon. Within it is found Kluane National Park and Reserve, and a small portion of the southern range of Nahanni National Park Reserve.Cite web
url=http://www.pc.gc.ca/pn-np/nt/nahanni/natcul/natcul1_e.asp
title=Nahanni National Park Reserve of Canada
publisher=Parks Canada
accessdate=2008-02-07
] Most of the area's population is based in the city of Whitehorse, and it contains most of the Yukon's population. The portion in British Columbia is not that populated.Cite web
url=http://www.ec.gc.ca/soer-ree/English/vignettes/Terrestrial/bc/default.cfm
title="Klondike Country"
work=Boreal Cordillera Ecozone
publisher=Environment Canada
accessdate=2008-02-07
]

The main economic activity is mining, particularly of gold, which discovery in the region led to the Klondike Gold Rush.Cite web
url=http://canadianbiodiversity.mcgill.ca/english/ecozones/borealcordillera/borealcordillera.htm
title=Boreal Cordillera
work=Canada's Ecozones, Canadian Biodiversity project
last=Bernhardt
first=Torsten
publisher=McGill University, Redpath Museum
accessdate=2008-02-07
] In addition to the area's rich mineral deposits, active industries exist in forestry, tourism, and hydroelectric power generation.Cite web
url=http://ecosys.cfl.scf.rncan.gc.ca/classification/classif08-eng.asp
title=Forest Ecozones of Canada
publisher=Natural Resources Canada
accessdate=2008-02-07
]

Geography

This mountainous region is between the Montane Cordillera to the south and the Taiga Cordillera to the north. The three zones contain the Canadian Rockies. To the east are the Taiga Plains, and to the west is Alaska, though the ecozone is also adjacent to narrow strips of the Pacific Maritime. It is characterised by tall peaks and extensive plateaux.Cite web
url=http://www.pc.gc.ca/apprendre-learn/prof/itm2-crp-trc/htm/ecozone05_e.asp
title=Boreal Cordillera Ecozone
publisher=Parks Canada
accessdate=2008-02-07
] The plateaux have a fairly gentle terrain, broken by numerous watercourses running through them, and are separated by wide valleys and their lowlands.

Just over 15% of the Boreal Cordillera, or roughly 73,320 km² consists of wetlands, of which 92% is treed wetland.Cite web
url=http://www.ccmf.org/ci/rprt2005/English/pg21-30_1-1-1.htm
title=Indicator 1.1.1 - Area of forest, by type and age class,and wetlands in each ecozone
work=Criteria and Indicators of Sustainable Forest Management in Canada, National Status 2005
publisher=Canadian Council of Forest Ministers
date=2005
accessdate=2008-02-07
] It covers a total area of 471,400 km², with 241,240 km² of forest cover, of which 78.6% is softwood, 17.8% is mixedwood, and 3.6 is hardwood. The spruce beetle has been proliferating since the 1990s, and has destroyed vast areas of the spruce forest. The ecozone contains four forest regions - tundra, sub-alpine, coast, and boreal.Cite web
url=http://atlas.nrcan.gc.ca/site/english/maps/environment/ecology/humanactivities/timber_table.html#2
title=Table 1. Forest Regions and Principal Tree Species by Ecozone
publisher=Atlas of Canada
accessdate=2008-02-07
] There is also concern that the softwood harvest in southeastern Yukon does not have adequate natural regeneration.Cite web
url=http://www.health.cfs.nrcan.gc.ca/BorealCordillera/index_e.html
title=Boreal Cordillera Ecozone
work=Forest Conditions - Ecozone Reports
publisher=Natural Resources Canada
accessdate=2008-02-07
]

Climate

The interior intermontane plateau receive about 400 mm of annual precipitation, much less than the 1000 to 1500 mm levels in the eastern mountains, and the even higher levels in the western mountains. Snowfall accounts for 35 to 60% of all precipitation.Cite web
url=http://www.ec.gc.ca/soer-ree/English/vignettes/Terrestrial/bc/land.cfm
title=Landforms and Climate of the Boreal Cordillera Ecozone
work=Boreal Cordillera Ecozone
publisher=Environment Canada
accessdate=2008-02-07
] Winters are long and cold, with January mean temperatures between -15ºC and -27ºC. Summers are warm but short, with July mean temperatures between 12ºC and 15ºC.

Alpine weather is more typical beyond the tree line at elevations above 1000 m, where frost can develop year-round. Average temperatures here remain below freezing for most of the year, and snowfall accounts for at least 70% of precipitation. Permafrost is typical in these regions, allowing for the growth of only shrubs, mosses and lichens.Cite web
url=http://www.spaceforspecies.ca/resources/ecozone/canada/
title=Canada's Ecozones
publisher=Space for Species
accessdate=2008-02-07
]

Sudden violent storms are possible in the area during the summer, usually due to moist air masses arriving from the Pacific Ocean. Usually, however, the Pacific moderates the climate in this ecozone.

The Cordillera receives a lot of precipitation it is mostly rain but when it snows it melts very quickly.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Boreal forest of Canada — Canada s boreal forest comprises about 25% of the circumpolar boreal forest that rings the northern hemisphere, mostly north of the 50th parallel. [State of Canada’s Forests: 2004 2005, The Boreal Forest, Canadian Forest Service, ISBN 0 662 40014 …   Wikipedia

  • Cordillera de los Vosgos — Lago Schiessrothried, de origen glaciar, en los Vosgos País(es)  Francia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Boreal Plains — The Boreal Plains is an ecozone in the western Canadian provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta. It also has minor extensions into northwestern British Columbia and south central Northwest Territories.Industry in this ecozone once… …   Wikipedia

  • Montane Cordillera — The Montane Cordillera is a geographic feature in south central British Columbia and southwestern Alberta, Canada. A fertile ecozone spanning 473,000 square kilometres, it contains two of the few significant agricultural areas of the province… …   Wikipedia

  • Montane Cordillera Ecozone (CEC) — This article is about an ecozone and should not be confused with articles covering the physiographic regions covering the same area, which are the Canadian Rockies, Columbia Mountains, and portions of the Thompson Plateau. The Montane Cordillera… …   Wikipedia

  • Taiga Cordillera — The Taiga Cordillera is a rugged, mountainous terrestrial ecozone of Canada spanning most of northern Yukon and significant portions of the border between the Yukon and the Northwest Territories.It is the most sparsely populated region of Canada …   Wikipedia

  • Chaco Boreal — El Chaco Boreal es la zona más septentrional del Gran Chaco. Sus límites por el norte son difusos, señalables aproximadamente por el paralelo 16°S (un criterio muy usado para dar los límites septentrionales del Chaco Boreal es la divisoria de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Chaco Boreal — Tal cual su nombre lo indica se trata de la zona más septentrional de la Región Chaqueña o Gran Chaco. Sus límites por el norte son difusos, señalables aproximadamente por el paralelo 16°S (un criterio muy usado para dar los límites… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Geography of British Columbia — Continent North America Region Western Canada Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • List of ecoregions in North America (CEC) — This list of ecoregions of North America provides an overview of North American ecoregions designated by the Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC). It should not be confused with Wikipedia articles based on the classification system… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.