- Afsharid dynasty
Infobox Former Country
native_name =سلسله افشار ایران
conventional_long_name = The Afsharid Iranian empire
common_name = Persia
continent = Asia
region = Middle East
country = Iran
status = Empire
year_start = 1736
year_end = 1750
event_start = Afsharid dynasty begins
event_end = Zand dynasty begins
p1 = Safavid dynasty
flag_p1 = Safavid Flag.png
s1 = Zand dynasty
flag_s1 = Zand Dynasty Flag.png
image_map_caption = Empire at its greatest extent
government_type = Monarchy
footnotes = The Afsharids ( _fa. سلسله افشار) were an Iranian dynasty of
Turkicdescent from Khorasanthat ruled the Persian Empirein the 18th century. At this time, the empire reached its greatest extent since Sassanid Empire.
The dynasty was born with
Nader Shah, who proclaimed himself the Shah of Iranin 1736. Soon afterwards he waged a war against the Afghans ( Pashtuns) and captured Kandahar.In 1738, he invaded India, massacred most of the population of Delhi and in a single campaign captured an incredible wealth, including the legendary Peacock Throneand the Koh-i-Noordiamond. The plunder seized from India was so rich that Nadir stopped taxation in Iran for a period of three years, following his triumphant return. Nader partially restored lands lost to the Ottomans in the downfall of the Safavid Empire. He made the Shiaholy city of Mashhadhis capital but also was very tolerant towards his minority Sunnisubjects in the Shia Persia.
A despotic ruler, he was assassinated in 1747. There was in essence a three-sided struggle between the descendants of Nader Shah, the
Zand dynastyand the Qajars. For much of the time, Shahrokh, grandson both of Nader and Shah Hossein, remained nominally on the throne at Mashhad, but, blinded and intermittently imprisoned, he exercised no effective power.
List of Afsharid Monarchs
List of kings of Persia
*M. Ismail Marcinkowski, "Persian Historiography and Geography: Bertold Spuler on Major Works Produced in
Iran, the Caucasus, Central Asia, Indiaand Early Ottoman Turkey, with a foreword by Professor Clifford Edmund Bosworth", member of the British Academy, Singapore: Pustaka Nasional, 2003, ISBN 9971-77-488-7.
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