The Sylvestrines are an order of monks under the
Benedictine ruleforming the Sylvestrine Congregation within the Benedictine Confederation. The order was founded in 1231by Saint Sylvester Gozzolini.
He was born at
Osimonear Anconaand held a canonry there. About 1227he resigned it to lead an austere eremitical life. Disciples came to him, and in 1231 he built a monastery at Montefano.
The rule was the Benedictine, but as regards poverty in external things, far stricter than the Benedictines. The order was approved in 1247 by Innocent IV, and at Sylvester's death in 1267 there were eleven Sylvestrine monasteries.
At a later date there were 56, mostly in
Umbria, Tuscanyand the March of Ancona. In 1907 there were nine Sylvestrine houses, one in Rome, and about 60 choir monks. Since 1855 they have had a house and a mission in Sri Lanka. Their habit is blue.They also have a house in Australia at Arcadia, Sydney. In September 2007, a priest, Fr Michael Kelly OSB, from that monastery was elected as the new Abbot General of the Congregation. He holds that position in Rome for twelve years.
*Helyot, 1718. "Histoire des ordres religieux", vi. c. 21
*Heimbucher, Max, 1907. "Orden und Kongregationen", i. 30
*Wetzer und Welte, nd. "Kirchenlexicon", 2nd ed.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Sylvestrines — • A minor monastic order or, strictly speaking, congregation following in general the Rule of St. Benedict but distinct from the Black monks and not forming a part of the confederation of Benedictine congregations Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin… … Catholic encyclopedia
The Benedictine Order — The Benedictine Order † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Benedictine Order The Benedictine Order comprises monks living under the Rule of St. Benedict, and commonly known as black monks . The order will be considered in this article under… … Catholic encyclopedia
Order of Saint Benedict — For the article on Orthodox Benedictines, see Order of Saint Benedict (Orthodox). For the Anglican order of the same name, see Order of St. Benedict (Anglican). This article concerns Roman Catholic Order of Saint Benedict; see also Benedictine… … Wikipedia
Western Monasticism — Western Monasticism † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Western Monasticism (1) Pre Benedictine Period The introduction of monasticism into the West may be dated from about A.D. 340 when St. Athanasius visited Rome accompanied by the two… … Catholic encyclopedia
Rule of Saint Benedict — The Rule of Saint Benedict ( Regula Benedicti ) is a book of precepts written by St. Benedict of Nursia for monks living in community under the authority of an abbot. Since about the 7th century it has also been adopted by communities of women.… … Wikipedia
Sylvester — may refer to: In some countries Sylvester (or Silvester) is the name used to refer to December 31st (New Year s Eve). As a name, it means wooded , from the root Sylvania meaning forest land in Latin.As a single name, the following churchmen*Pope… … Wikipedia
Order of St. Gregory the Great — For the monastic order, see Sylvestrines. Order of St. Gregory the Great Ordo Sancti Gregorii Magni Knight Commander s cross of the Order of St. Gregory the Great (1841) Awarded by … Wikipedia
Vallumbrosan Order — The Vallumbrosan Order (or Vallombrosians) is a Roman Catholic religious order, technically a Benedictine congregation, which derives its name from the motherhouse, Vallombrosa (Latin Vallis umbrosa , shady valley ), situated c. 30 km from… … Wikipedia
St. Sylvester's College — St Sylvester s College, Kandy is a college in the city of Kandy, Sri Lanka.Infobox University name = St. Sylvester s College Image motto = FORTITER IN RE( Brave in all deeds ) established = 1940 type = Public School principal =… … Wikipedia
Order of St. Sylvester — For the monastic order, see Sylvestrines. Order of St. Sylvester Ordo Sanctus Silvestri Papae Knight s cross of the Order of St. Sylvester (1841) Awarded by … Wikipedia