Surrender at Perevolochna
Infobox Military Conflict
Great Northern War
caption=Map depicting the surrender.
Red=Russians and blue=Swedes. In the bottom left, Charles XII crosses the Dnieper.
Perevolochna, present-day Ukraine
July 1 1709
result=No fighting, Swedish surrender
Tsardom of Russia
Adam Ludwig LewenhauptPOW
casualties1=Entire force taken prisoner
The surrender at Perevolochna was the capitulation of almost the entire Swedish army on
July 1 1709. It signified the annihilation of the once formidable Swedish army after the defeat at Battle of Poltava, and paved the way for the eventual Russian victory in the Great Northern War.
Battle of Poltava"After the defeat at Poltava, Charles XII intended to lead the Swedish army over the Vorskla Rivernear the village of Byeliki, south of Poltava, and into tatar territory. On the morning after the battle, no orders were given after the departure from Novo Senshary, and the march continued along the right bank of Vorskla. A ford existed across the river near Kishenka, but due to mistakes committed by several officers, the ford was overlooked and the force marched on to Perevolochnafive kilometers further away.
At Perevolochna, King Charles was given the chance to dash ahead with an escort of 1,500 men to Ottoman territory by General
Adam Ludwig Lewenhauptand the other senior officers. Among the reasons why the king wanted to cross there was his wish to quickly reach Poland. According to Charles' own plan, Lewenhaupt would have followed across the Dniepr Riverwith him, but the general requested to stay and command the army. Charles ordered Lewenhaupt to lead the army across Vorskla into tatar-controlled territory, and he promised to carry out this order.
On the morning of
July 1, General Menshikovapproached from the north with a Russian force of less than 9,000 men, mostly cavalry. Lewenhaupt did not want to fight the Russians; instead, after conferences and voting among the higher officers, the Swedish army capitulated.
Effect on the war
The surrender was a contributing cause to the Russian victory in the
Great Northern War. The Swedish continental army had ceased to exist, leaving the remaining defenses of the Swedish Empirehopelessly outnumbered. Strategically, Russia now had taken offensive, while Sweden would be hard pressed to muster a new army to defend itself. General Lewenhaupt was imprisoned and died in Russian captivity in 1719. King Charles did nothing to have him released, but fled to Benderyin what was then Ottoman Empire.
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