The Afghans or Ghans were
Muslim cameldrivers who worked in outback Australiafrom the 1860s to the 1930s, not all of whom came from Afghanistan, but also from other Middle Eastern countries and India.
Camels were the primary means of bulk transport in the outback (where the climate was too harsh for horses and other beasts of burden) prior to the widespread adoption of motor vehicles, and a large population of
Australian feral camels remains from this time.
The train known as
The Ghanwas so named in memory of the Afghans.
*cite book |author=Stevens, Christine |year=2003 |origyear=1989 |title=Tin Mosques and Ghan Towns: A History of Afghan Camel Drivers in Australia |isbn=0958176000
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