3 Cum non solum


Cum non solum

Cum non solum was a letter written by Pope Innocent IV to the Mongols on March 13, 1245. In it, Pope Innocent appeals to the Mongols to desist from attacking Christians and other nations, and inquires as to the Mongols' future intentions.[1] Innocent also expresses a desire for peace (possibly unaware that in the Mongol vocabulary, "peace" is a synonym for "subjection").[2]

This message was carried by the Franciscan John of Plano Carpini,[3] who successfully reached the Mongol capital of Karakorum, where he attended the election of the new Khan Güyük on August 24, 1246.[4]

Guyuk replied to the Pope's letter with a demand for his submission and a visit from the rulers of the West in homage to Mongol power:[5]

"You must say with a sincere heart: "We will be your subjects; we will give you our strength". You must in person come with your kings, all together, without exception, to render us service and pay us homage. Only then will we acknowledge your submission. And if you do not follow the order of God, and go against our orders, we will know you as our enemy."
—Letter from Güyük to Pope Innocent IV, 1246.[6][7]

Naming

Papal bulls are generally named by modern scholars, according to their incipit, or beginning. This bull starts with similar language to the two other letters, Viam agnoscere veritatis and Dei patris immensa. The bull starts, "...regi et populo Tartarorum viam agnoscere veritatis. Cum non solum homines verum etiam animalia irrationalia nec non ipsa mundialis elementa machine quadam nativi federis..."[8]

Notes

  1. ^ Jackson, p. 88
  2. ^ "In the Mongols' vocabulary, the terms for 'peace' and for 'subjection' were identical... The mere despatch of an embassy seemed tantamount to surrender." Jackson, p. 90
  3. ^ Monumenta Germaniae Historica; Epistolae Saeculi XIII: E Regestis Pontificum Romanorum, ed. Karl Rodenberg (Berlin, 1887), Vol. 2, No. 105, p. 75. [1]
  4. ^ Rachewiltz, p. 99.
  5. ^ Rachewiltz, p. 103.
  6. ^ Quoted in Michaud, Yahia (Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies) (2002). Ibn Taymiyya, Textes Spirituels I-XVI". Chap XI
  7. ^ Also quoted in Roux, Histoire de l'Empire Mongol, p.315
  8. ^ Source

Bibliography


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cum non solum — est une lettre écrite par le pape Innocent IV à l empereur Mongol le 13 mars 1245. Sommaire 1 Histoire 2 Lettres d Innocent IV aux Mongols. 3 Notes et références …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cum nimis absurdum — est une bulle pontificale, rédigée par le pape Paul IV et nommée d après ses premiers mots[1]: « Comme il est absurde et totalement inopportun que les Juifs, qui en raison de leur propre faute, ont été condamnés par Dieu à un esclavage… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • EXCUTIENDI Vestes gremiumque ritus Hebraeorum cum indignabundi significare — et ominari imprecarique vellent,aliquem a Deo suis bonis excussum iri indigitatur Esrae c. 5. v. 13. Vide infra Vestis. Sed et excutere, idem quod scrutari est ac praetentare, Gr. ἐξερεινᾷν, ἐκσείειν καὶ ἐκτινάσσειν. Certe vix olim colloquium… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • BOS — animal et ad agriculturam utile est, vide supra, ubi de Aratro: et homini in cibum cedit. Apud Athenienses tamen Bove vesci aratore nefas: ut constat ex Aeliano, Var. Histor. l. 3. c. 14. et Varrone l. 2.R. R. c. 5. ubi hic, Bos, inquit, socius… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • POLYGAMIA — apud Hebraeos olim multo in usu. Quamvis enim non defuêre, qui ex ipsa lege etiam binas uxores Ifraelitam simul retinere posse, fas non putarent; unde Rabbi Ammi, Gemar. Babyl. ad tit. Iabimoth, c. 6. fol. 65. Quisquis uxori uxorem superinduxerit …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Liste des bulles pontificales — Une bulle (du latin bulla, le sceau) est un document scellé. Une bulle désigne en diplomatique vaticane un décret du pape rédigé en forme solennelle, et scellé soit d une boule de métal (d où elle tire son nom), soit plus simplement d un cachet… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean de Plan Carpin — Giovanni dal Piano dei Carpini, ou Plano Cerpini, en français Jean de Plan Carpin, (né v. 1182 à Pian del Carpine, dans l actuelle province de Pérouse, en Ombrie et mort le 1er août 1252 à Antivari, en Dalmatie), est un religieux… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste Des Bulles Pontificales — Une bulle (du latin bulla, le sceau) est un document scellé. Une bulle désigne en diplomatique vaticane un décret du pape rédigé en forme solennelle, et scellé soit d une boule de métal (d où elle tire son nom), soit plus simplement d un cachet… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • COLLOCARE — unde Gallorum Coucher, vox pronubis propria. Terentius in Eunucho, Dein in lecto eam collocant. Catullus, in Epithalam. v. 187. Vos unis senibus Cognitae bene feminae Collocate puellulam etc. Hinc apud recentiores Collocare in genere usurpatum,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Dei patris immensa — For other similar letters, see Viam agnoscere veritatis. Dei patris immensa was a letter written by Pope Innocent IV to the Mongols (the Pope also wrote other letters to the Mongols, which are known as Cum non solum and Viam agnoscere veritatis) …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.