Envenomation is the process by which venom is injected into some animal by the bite (or sting) of a venomous animal. Many kinds of animals, including mammals (e.g., the Northern Short-tailed Shrew, "Blarina brevicauda"), reptiles (e.g., the Black mamba), spiders (e.g., Black widows), insects (e.g., wasps, honey bees and caterpillars), employ venom for hunting and for self defense. Most venoms are administered by biting the skin of the victim, but some venoms are applied externally, especially to sensitive tissues such as those that surround the eyes. In some reptiles, such as the Gila monster, venom in the saliva enters prey through bites of grooved teeth, but many animals have specialized organs such as hollow teeth and tubular stingers that penetrate the prey's skin after which muscles attached to the attacker's venom reservoir forcibly squirt venom deep within the victim's body tissue.

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  • envenomation — noun Date: 1923 an act or instance of poisoning by venom (as of a snake or spider) • envenomate transitive verb …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • envenomation — to sting or to impregnate an organism with a toxin by means of a venom apparatus (a tooth or spine with poison gland or poisonous tissue) …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • envenomation — noun a) The injection of a venom etc by means of a sting etc b) The deteriorations in the surface quality of a plastic that is in contact with another material …   Wiktionary

  • envenomation — The act of injecting a poisonous material (venom) by sting, spine, bite, or other venom apparatus. * * * en·ven·om·ation in .ven ə mā shən n an act or instance of impregnating with a venom (as of a snake or spider) also …   Medical dictionary

  • envenomation — n. poisoning by venom; act of injecting a poisonous substance or venom by sting or bite; poisoning from a venomous sting or bite …   English contemporary dictionary

  • envenomation — en·ven·om·ation …   English syllables

  • envenomation — …   Useful english dictionary

  • ichthyoacanotoxism — envenomation from the sting of fishes …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • Snakebite — For other uses, see Snakebite (disambiguation). Snakebite Classification and external resources Cobra Naja naja ICD 10 T …   Wikipedia

  • Box jellyfish — Chironex sp. Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia …   Wikipedia

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