Nanda Devi Raj Jat


Nanda Devi Raj Jat

Three week long Nanda Devi Raj Jat is one of the world famous festivals of Uttaranchal in India.[1] People from entire Garhwal division-Kumaon division as well as other parts of India and the world participate in Nanda Devi Raj Jat Yatra.[2]

Goddess Nanda Devi is worshipped at dozens of places in Kumaon, but the region around Mt. Nanda Devi and its sanctuary, which falls in the Pithoragarh district, Almora district and Chamoli district, is the prime area related to Nanda Devi. In Chamoli Nanda Devi Raj Jaat is organized once in 12 years. The Jaat starts from Nauti village near Karnprayag and goes up to the heights of Roopkund and Homekund with a four horned sheep. After the havan - yagna is over, the sheep is freed with decorated ornaments, food and clothing’s and the other offerings are dischared. People also celebrate the annual Nanda Jaat.

Though in the Johar Valley region there is no tradition of Nanda Raj Jaat but the worship, dance and the ritual of collecting Bramhakamal (it is called Kaul Kamphu) is part of Nanda festivals.

The Nanda Devi fair is held at Almora, Nainital, Kot (Dangoli), Ranikhet, Bhowali, Kichha and also in the far flung villages of lohar (like Milam and Martoli) and Pindar valleys (like Wachham and Khati). In the villages of the Pinder valley people celebrate the Nanda Devi Jaat (journey) every year, while in lohar people come from far and wide to Danadhar, Suring, Milam and Martoli in order to worship the Goddess. In Nainital and Almora thousands take part in the procession carrying the dola (or litter) of Nanda Devi. It is said that the Nanda Devi fairs started in Kumaon during the reign of Kalyan Chand in the 16th Century. A three day fair is held at Kot ki mai or Kot bhramari devi. The fair at Saneti comes every second year. Both these fairs are rich in folk expressions and many village products are brought for sale.

Contents

History

This Raj jat yatra originates from the kurur village 30 km from nandprayag,in ghat tahsil of Indian state of Uttarakhand. The Kunwar of village Kansua inaugurates the ceremony. The legend is this that Nanda Devi, consort of Lord Shiva left her village and went to the nanda devi parbat. Therefore when the yatra starts, heavy rain occurs as if the devi is crying. This yatra covers many villages and in between the Devi meets her sister in the Bhagwati village.

This yatra is very tough on account the landscape it goes through. In between the yatra there comes a Lake Roopkund where lies the hundreds of skeletons. It is said that once the King took some dancers to this sacred place due to which heavy snow fell and people died and the dancers got transformed into stone which can be sen in Patarnachonia. The other myth is this that king Yasodhwal's wife was pregnant and while she was giving birth to her child, her placenta flowed down to Roopkund and this in turn caused the death of the people on that place. That is why the river Nandakini lost her significance and the Nandprayag is not considered sacred as the other Panch Prayags like Devprayag and Rudraprayag.

How to Reach

  • By Air: To attend Nanda Devi Raj Jat Yatra, one has to first reach Chamoli. The closest airport is Jolly Grant Airport, at a distance of 221 kilometer.
  • By Rail: The closest railway station is located at Rishikesh.
  • By Road: Chamoli is connected with Haridwar, Dehradun, Nainital, Rishikesh, and Almora.
  • Where to Stay: The nearest place that offers good accommodation options is Chamoli.

External links

References

  1. ^ [1] Uttarakhand on Government of India website
  2. ^ [2] GMVN preparing for Nanda devi Raj Jat yatra in 2012-Source-Freelibrary

3.Nandadevi Raj Jat, Nanadadevi Sandarbh Patrika,1988 Pub: Nanda Devi Mandir Evam Mela Samiti, Almora Article by: Kaushal Kishore Saxena


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jat Kingdoms in Medieval India — The Jat people of India had numerous kingdoms during medieval to modern times. The Jat Uprising of 1669 The Jat uprising of 1669 under Gokula in region around Mathura occurred at a time when the Mughal government was by no means weak or imbecile …   Wikipedia

  • The rise of Jat power — ’ (king) was conferred upon him in 1724. [Dr P.L. Vishwakarma, The Jats, I, Ed Dr Vir Singh, (Delhi:2004), 116] In past Jats always rose against tyranny, injustice, economic and social exploitations and were never overawed by claims of racial or… …   Wikipedia

  • Chamoli district — Chamoli चमोली ज़िला   district   …   Wikipedia

  • Роопкунд — (Озеро Скелетов) रूपकुण्ड Координаты: Координаты …   Википедия

  • Pratibha Naitthani — Pratiba Naitthani is an Indian professor and activist. She is known for opposing vulgarity and violence on Indian televisions. [ The correct spelling of her name is PRATIBA NAITTHANI] Born in Mumbai,her family hails from Pauri Garhwal,Uttarakhand …   Wikipedia

  • India — /in dee euh/, n. 1. Hindi, Bharat. a republic in S Asia: a union comprising 25 states and 7 union territories; formerly a British colony; gained independence Aug. 15, 1947; became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations Jan. 26, 1950.… …   Universalium

  • Agra Fort — Agra Fort * UNESCO World Heritage Site Country Indi …   Wikipedia

  • Roopkund — Infobox Indian Jurisdiction native name = Roopkund | type = Lake | latd = 30.262 | longd = 79.732 state name = Uttarakhand district = Chamoli leader title = leader name = altitude = 5029 |area magnitude= sq. km area total = population as of =… …   Wikipedia

  • Red Fort — This article is about the Red Fort in Delhi. For the Red Fort in Agra, see Agra Fort. Coordinates: 28°39′21″N 77°14′25″E / 28.65583°N 77.24028°E / …   Wikipedia

  • Chauhan — (चौहान) Dynasty and Kingdom राजवंश और साम्राज्य Vansh Agnivanshi Descended from: Dhundhar[citation needed] Common Ances …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.