Androscoggin (tribe)

Androscoggin were an Algonquian tribe who was a sub-tribe of the Abenaki who lived in what now are Maine and New Hampshire. It is assumed that by the 18th century, they had been absorbed by neighboring tribe.


Arosaguntacook or Arossagunticook, the tribe's endonym, in the eastern Abenaki language means "Rocky Flats flow" or "a river of rocks refuge." Other recorded variations of the name are Amariscoggin, Ameriscoggin, Asschincantecook, Arossagunticook, "Alessikantek-eyak" by the Penobscot and the Cowasuck. The name Arosaguntacook was probably change by Massachusetts Governor Edmund Andros to Androscoggin. Today's Penobscot name for the Saint Francis Abenaki is "Alessikantek-eyak" because Arossaguntacook belonged to the ancestors of the people of Saint Francis.


The Arosaguntacook once lived in the Androscoggin River watershed, located in present-day southern Maine and northern New Hampshire. Their main village was located in the vicinity of present-day Lewiston. Together with the Pigwacket, they formed the southern-most of the Abenaki tribes, and were therefore one the first in contact with the English colonists of New England.


In 1675, the Androscoggin took part in King Philip's War. Metallak was member of Androscoggin tribe.


* Bruce G. Trigger (ed.): "Handbook of North American Indians. Vol. 15. Northeast". Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. 1978 ISBN 0-16004-575-4

External links

* [ Abenaki History]

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