LGBT pride or gay pride refers to a world wide movement and philosophy asserting that
LGBT( Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender) individuals should be proud of their sexual orientationand gender identity.
The word "pride" is in this case an antonym for "shame", which has been used to control and oppress LGBT persons throughout history.
LGBT pride advocates work for equal "rights and benefits" for LGBT people. [cite web|url=http://www.pridesource.com/rssarticle.shtml?article=26004|title=Pride celebrated worldwide|accessdate=2007-07-31|publisher=www.pridesource.com] [cite web |url=http://direland.typepad.com/direland/2007/07/gay-pride-in-eu.html|title=GAY PRIDE IN EUROPE LOOKS GLOBALLY|accessdate=2007-07-31|publisher=direland.typepad.com] [cite web |url=http://220.127.116.11/search?q=cache:xE6eFqA2mfkJ:www.ucu.org.uk/media/docs/s/t/lgbteqguide_1.doc+Gay+pride+believes+the+history+and+diversity+of+Lesbian,+Gay,+Bisexual,+and+Transgender+people+is+important&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=14&gl=us|title=Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender Equality -an Issue for us All|accessdate=2007-07-31|publisher=www.ucu.org.uk] The movement has three main premises: that people should be proud of their sexual orientation and gender identity, that diversity is a gift, and that sexual orientation and gender identity are inherent and cannot be intentionally altered. [cite web |url=http://www.bates.ctc.edu/studentservices/Diversity/pdf/June%202007%20Word.pdf|title=Gay and Lesbian History Month|accessdate=2007-07-31|publisher=www.bates.ctc.edu|format=PDF]
Marches celebrating Pride (
pride parades) are celebrated worldwide.
Symbols of LGBT pride include the LGBT rainbow flag, butterfly, the Greek
lambdasymbol, and the pink as well as black triangles reclaimed from their past use. [cite web |url=http://www.lambda.org/symbols.htm|title=Symbols of the Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Movements
Advocates of gay pride have used history to point to oppression as well as differing levels of acceptance of homosexuality throughout history. [cite web |url=http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/pwh/index.html|title=People with a History |accessdate=2007-07-30|publisher=Paul Halsall ] The
ancient Greeksdid not conceive of sexual orientationas a social identifier, as Western societies have done for the past century. Greek society did not distinguish sexual desire or behavior by the gender of the participants, but by the extent to which such desire or behavior conformed to social norms. These norms were based on gender, age and social status. [ Oxford Classical Dictionary] " Lesbian" derives from the name of the island of Lesbos, [cite web |url=http://lesbianlife.about.com/od/herstory/f/Lesbian.htm|title=Lesbian Life|accessdate=2007-08-01|publisher=lesbianlife.about.com] [cite web |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=qyYcQz6znjEC&pg=PA2008&lpg=PA2008&dq=is+the+term+lesbian+derived+from+the+greek+island+of+lasbos&source=web&ots=htcp-ic-Bh&sig=bQQvoRKkI2CdMzt0yJUZHEh0sKY#PPA2008,M1|title=Sappho Goes to Law School: Fragments in Lesbian Legal Theory By Ruthann Robson|accessdate=2007-07-30|publisher=www.nyls.edu] which was famous for the poet Sappho, who wrote love poetry to female lovers. ["Love, Sex, and Tragedy", Simon Goldhill, pg. 76] Homosexuality in the ancient Roman Empireis considered to have been widespread but was tempered by the complex social systems of the society.Fact|date=January 2008
During Medieval times all forms of sexuality began to be repressed by the church as the idea of
heaven and hellgained popularity. [cite web |url=http://www.ourcivilisation.com/smartboard/shop/taylorgr/sxnhst/chap2.htm|title=Mediaeval Sexual Behaviour |accessdate=2007-07-31|publisher=www.ourcivilisation.com] As technology fell behind simple luxuries such as clean running water and proper sewage became a thing of the past. This caused horrible conditions and disease. People began to believe that they were suffering from the wrath of God, blaming immorality. [cite web |url=http://www.the-orb.net/non_spec/missteps/ch4.html|title=Medical Misconceptions by Bryon Grigsby|accessdate=2007-07-31|publisher=www.the-orb.net] Any and all forms of homosexuality became not only shameful but punishable by death. [cite web |url=http://www.tanbooks.com/doct/church_sodomy.htm|title=The Catholic Church and Homosexuality|accessdate=2007-07-31|publisher=www.tanbooks.com]
19th century movement in Germany
At the turn of the century in Germany there was an early gay rights movement akin to today's Gay Pride movement. Lead by
Magnus Hirschfeld, this movement sought to educate the public and to bring about the repeal of Paragraph 175, a provision of the German Criminal Code begun on the 15th May, 1871, which made homosexual acts between males a crime.
Notable figures in contemporary history
Part of the gay pride movement honors past
LGBTfigures who prospered despite persecution for their openness and coming outof various perceived closets. There have been notable figures that have fought for or involved themselves in gay rights, or their right to live their lives as they saw fit. Oscar Wildeis amongst the more famous for his writings as well for his imprisonment for the "love that dare not speak its name". Quentin Crispalso battled societal norms to live and love without the fear of arrest. Author of The Naked Civil Servanthe has become an icon and camp figure within LGBTcommunities and symbol of gay pride for many.
During World War II as Nazi Germany began its domination of Europe many people found themselves being rounded up and sent to concentration camps.
Genocideor the mass murder of numerous groups was undertaken. Homosexuals were one of these groups with gay men being marked with a pink trianglebadge while lesbians were designated with a black trianglefor " antisocialbehavior".cite web
isbn =0815319207, 9780815319207
pages = 748
title=Lesbian Histories and Cultures
publisher=Taylor & Francis
Post-Stonewall (Modern gay rights movement)
28 June 1969, a group of LGBT people rioted following a police raid on the Stonewall Inn, a gay barat 43 Christopher Street, New York City. Sylvia Rivera, a transgenderrights activist and founding member of both the Gay Liberation Frontand the Gay Activists Alliance, is credited by many as the first to actually strike back at the police and, in so doing, spark the rebellion. Further protests and rioting continued for several nights following the raid.
Stonewall riotsare generally considered to be the beginning of the modern gay rights movement.
Gay Liberation Frontand Gay Activists Alliancein the early post-Stonewall era, coordinated the first anniversary rally and then the "Christopher Street Gay Liberation Day March" ( [http://www.gaycenter.org/out Archival footage of March] LGBT Community Center of NYC] ) on June 28, 1970 to commemorate the first anniversary of the Stonewall Rebellion. [cite web |url=http://www.bisquish.com/squishive/2005/07/27/in-memoriam-brenda-howard-2/ |title=In Memoriam, Brenda Howard |accessdate=2006-12-16 |format= |work=BiSquish ] First anniversary marches organized by other groups were also held in San Francisco and Los Angeles in 1970. Brenda Howardalso originated the idea for a week-long series of events around what is now known as Pride Day; this became the first of the extended annual LGBT Pride celebrations that are now held around the world.
New Yorkand Atlantathe annual day of celebration to commemorate the Stonewall Riot came to be called "Gay Liberation Day"; in San Franciscoand Los Angelesit was called "Gay Freedom Day". Both names spread as more and more cities and towns started holding similar celebrations.
1980s to present
In the 1980s there was a major cultural shift in the Stonewall Riot commemorations. The previous loosely organized, bottom-up marches and parades were taken over by more organised and less radical elements of the gay community. The marches began dropping "Liberation" and "Freedom" from their names under pressure from more conservative members of the community, replacing them with the philosophy of "Gay Pride"Fact|date=November 2007 (in the more liberal city of San Francisco, the name of the gay parade and celebration was not changed from "Gay Freedom Day Parade" to "Gay Pride Day Parade" until
1994). The Greek lambdasymbol and the pink trianglewhich had been revolutionary symbols of the Gay Liberation Movement were tidied up and incorporated into the Gay Pride, or Pride, movement, providing some symbolic continuity with its more radical beginnings.
Christopher Street Day
Gay and Lesbian Pride Month
InterPride / IALGPC
LGBT pride parade
List of LGBT events
Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures
* [http://homeinbrighton.co.uk/photos/sets/?photosetid=72157606518734808 Brighton Pride] 2008 photos
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Gay Pride — Gay Flagge … Deutsch Wikipedia
Gay Pride — a political movement that began in the U.S. and encourages ↑gay people to be open about the fact that they are gay and to be proud of themselves … Dictionary of contemporary English
Gay-Pride — Luftballons in Regenbogenfarben bei der 24th Annual North Carolina LGBT Pride Parade in Durham (North Carolina) Gay Pride bedeutet den selbstbewussten bzw. selbstachtenden und damit stolzen Umgang mit der eigenen sexuellen Identität. Stolz als… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Gay Pride — Marche des fiertés Gay Pride à Grosseto en Italie (2004) La Marche des fiertés, s est d abord appelée Gay Pride, puis la Lesbian Gay Pride, puis LGBT … Wikipédia en Français
gay pride — n. a sense of dignity and satisfaction in connection with the public acknowledgment of one s own homosexuality * * * ˌgay ˈpride 7 [gay pride] noun uncountable the feeling that ↑homosexual people should not be ashamed of telling people that they… … Useful english dictionary
gay pride — noun Gay pride is used before these nouns: ↑festival, ↑march, ↑parade … Collocations dictionary
gay pride — Le terme anglais pride signifiant l’orgueil légitime, l’amour propre, mais aussi la troupe, la bande... l’expression désigne un grand défilé annuel, mis à la mode dans de nombreux pays à l’instar des Etats Unis, destiné à valoriser publiquement… … Dictionnaire de Sexologie
Gay pride — … Википедия
gay pride — noun a) Expressing solidarity among members of the LGBT community. b) Short hand for any such parade … Wiktionary
Gay-Pride-Parade — Luftballons in Regenbogenfarben bei der 24th Annual North Carolina LGBT Pride Parade in Durham (North Carolina) Gay Pride bedeutet den selbstbewussten bzw. selbstachtenden und damit stolzen Umgang mit der eigenen sexuellen Identität. Stolz als… … Deutsch Wikipedia