Gautrain

Infobox Rail companies
logo_filename =Gautrain Logo.jpg
image_filename =
widthpx =
franchise = Not subject to franchising
nameforarea =stations
regions =Johannesburg Park Station
OR Tambo International Airport
Pretoria
secregions =Centurion, Hatfield, Marlboro, Midrand, Rhodesfield, Rosebank, Sandton
fleet = 24 Electrostar Sets [cite web |url= http://www.gautrain.co.za/index.php?pid=1417|title= Luxary travel with world-class safety and security|accessdate=2008-03-21 |work= Official Gautrain Website ] (under construction)
125 Buses (under construction)
stations =10 (under construction)
stationsop =
parent_company =Public-Private Partnership between the Gauteng Provincial Government and the Bombela International Consortium
website =|
__TOC__

Gautrain is an 80-kilometre mass rapid transit railway system under construction in Gauteng Province, South Africa that will ultimately link Johannesburg, Pretoria, and OR Tambo International Airport. It is hoped that this railway will relieve the traffic congestion in the Johannesburg – Pretoria traffic corridor as well as offer commuters a viable alternative to road transport, as Johannesburg has a limited public transport infrastructure.

Gauteng's Gautrain

The Gauteng Provincial Government formed a partnership with local and international experts in business to build a modern transport network recognized as the biggest Public-Private Partnership in Africa. [cite web
title = Gautrain moves forward with the 'big lady'
publisher = The Good News South Africa
url = http://www.sagoodnews.co.za/infrastructure/gautrain_moves_forward_with_the_big_lady.html
]

The train is expected to cut the number of cars on the N1 Ben Schoeman Highway highway by 20%, with 100,000 daily passenger trips.cite web |url= http://www.gautrain.co.za/index.php?ct=1&pid=253&fid=2&click=1|title= Why a rapid rail system?|accessdate=2008-03-29 |work= Official Gautrain Website ]

The Gauteng Department of Transport obtained environmental authorization and conducted an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for this purpose. The necessary authorization was granted on 25 April 2004. On 7 Dec 2005 the cabinet of the South African government gave the go-ahead for the project, expected to cost more than 24 billion Rand.

In February 2006, Finance Minister Trevor Manuel announced the allocation of R7.1bn from the National Fiscus for Gautrain. On 16 February 2006, Gauteng Premier Mbhazima Shilowa announced that the Gauteng Province reached commercial close with the Bombela Consortium, the preferred bidder and that negotiations to reach financial close commenced.

Although construction only started on 28 September 2006, investors, developers, small businesses and entrepreneurs are already rushing to start new ventures such as office blocks, shopping malls, entertainment and residential developments along Gautrain’s network. The demand for land as well as property prices in these areas increased dramatically. [cite news
last = Khumalo
first = Sibongile
title = Development rush rides on Gautrain
publisher = Business Report
date = 2008-05-04
url = http://www.busrep.co.za/index.php?fArticleId=4381680
] [cite news
last = Cox
first = Anna
title = Gautrain could mean big bucks for residents
publisher = iol.co.za
date = 2007-07-30
url = http://www.iol.co.za/index.php?click_id=13&set_id=1&art_id=vn20070730013759803C577624
] [cite news
title = Rosebank — future perfect
publisher = iafrica.com
date = 2008-07-03
url = http://property.iafrica.com/hot_property/1010700.htm
]

Lightstone, and independent risk assessment company, has analyzed residential transactions and repeat sales price inflation of properties within 2km to 3km of each station, and compared this with the overall price inflation in Gauteng, Johannesburg and Pretoria. Interestingly, the proportion of all property transactions in Gauteng involving properties within 2km of the station has grown from 3.8% to 6.0% from 2000 to 2007, while activity in areas between 2km and 3km from the stations has remained relatively constant between 4.0% and 5.0% over that same period. [cite news
title = Gautrain - Already showing impact on property prices - 27 February 2008
publisher = www.lightstone.co.za
url = http://www.lightstone.co.za/Uploads/080227PressRelaseGautrainFinal.pdf
]

Future projections for business transactions and access to new markets for products, goods and services will be R6 billion as a result of the Gautrain network. Sustainability is key to Gautrain’s success. City rejuvenation is another achievement.

It is estimated that Gautrain will create 93 000 direct, indirect and induced jobs during construction. [cite web |url= http://www.gautrain.co.za/index.php?pid=1563&sterm=job%20creation&ct=1|title= Electronic ticketing to benefit all public transport users|accessdate=2008-03-29 |work= Official Gautrain Website ] [cite web |url= http://www.gautrain.co.za/index.php?pid=1500&sterm=job%20creation&ct=1|title= Macro-environmental impact|accessdate=2008-03-29 |work= Official Gautrain Website ] More than 3 000 jobs per year will be created during operation.

Gautrain further achieves important objectives described in Gauteng’s Growth and Development Strategy. It includes the requirements for Broad Based Black Economic Empowerment in terms of broadening ownership and control; skills transfer and preferential procurement. Emphasis is also placed on the empowerment of women, youth and people living with disabilities. [cite news
last = Sapa
title = Monitoring group for Gautrain
publisher = The Mercury
date = 2008-04-21
url = http://www.themercury.co.za/index.php?fSectionId=289&fArticleId=nw20080421144326575C399369
]

Construction


Construction of the rail system will be undertaken by Bombela Consortium who have been awarded the contract. [cite news
last = Lucille
first = Davie
title = Gauteng's bullet train on track
publisher = SouthAfrica.info
date = 2005-08-09
url = http://www.safrica.info/doing_business/economy/infrastructure/gautrain.htm
] Bombela Consortium is a partnership between Bombardier Transportation, Bouygues Travaux Publics, Murray & Roberts, the Strategic Partners Group and RATP Développement. It is 50 percent owned by its international partners and 50 percent by Murray & Roberts and the Strategic Partners Group, the consortium's black economic empowerment component.Initial works for the Gautrain commenced in May 2006 and construction commenced after the signing of the Concession Agreement between the Gauteng Provincial Government and the Bombela Concession Company on 28 September 2006.

The project is being constructed simultaneously in two phases. The first phase involves the section between OR Tambo International Airport, Sandton and Midrand and the second phase involves the remainder of the rail network. The construction of the first phase is scheduled to take 45 months, and the construction of the second phase is scheduled to take 54 months,cite web |url= http://www.engineeringnews.co.za/article.php?a_id=128320|title= No contract stipulating that any part of Gautrain be completed by 2010|accessdate=2008-03-29 |work= Creamer Media's Engineering News| first=Martin|last=Zhuwakinyu ] with completion of the two sections in 2010 and 2011 respectively.

The agreement provides for a R150 million incentive for the Gautrain to open in time for the 2010 Soccer World Cup.

Construction technology

By the end of May, 2008, nearly a third of Gautrain’s tunnel work was completed. [cite news
last = Venter
first = Irma
title = Nearly a third of Gautrain tunnel work completed
publisher = Engineering News Online
date = 2008-06-06
url = http://www.engineeringnews.co.za/article.php?a_id=134283
]

A Tunnel Boring Machine (TBM) was designed in Germany to specifically cope with complex underground conditions. Herrenknecht engineers custom built a mixed face Earth Pressure Balance Shield TBM for Gautrain. It will be the first such machine to be used in South Africa. The TBM, named Imbokodo, installs pre-cast concrete tunnel lining segments behind it as it moves forward. It leaves behind a watertight and smooth lining to the 6.8 m diameter tunnel. A TBM is an environmentally sound method of tunnelling, especially in built-up areas. [cite news
last = Venter
first = Irma
title = Tunnel-boring machine embarks on 14-month odyssey
publisher = Engineering News Online
date = 2008-01-18
url = http://www.engineeringnews.co.za/article.php?a_id=123966
] [cite news
last = Erasmus
first = Janine
title = Gautrain steaming ahead
publisher = MediaClubSouthAfrica.com
date = 2008-06-17
url = http://www.mediaclubsouthafrica.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=508:gautrain130608&catid=45:economy_news&Itemid=55
] [cite news
last = van der Merwe
first = Christy
title = Gautrain to start tunnelling with ‘Imbokodo' machine in January
publisher = Engineering News Online
date = 2007-12-13
url = http://www.engineeringnews.co.za/article.php?a_id=123665
]

Tracks

Although existing railways in South Africa use the 1067mm (3 ft 6 in) Cape gauge, Gautrain will be built to the more expensive standard gauge of 1435mm (4ft8.5in). According to the Gautrain planning and implementation study, [cite web | title =Gautrain Rapid Rail Link: Planning and Implementation Study| accessdate=2008-03-21 | url = http://www.gautrain.co.za/contents/Tech%20Rep%202%204%20GAUGE%20Data%20Room%20Rev0.pdf| work = Official Gautrain Website] this is done for several reasons, including the facts that standard gauge is safer and more comfortable to passengers. The rolling stock is also easier, quicker and less expensive to obtain than Cape Gauge rolling stock. Standard gauge is also less expensive to maintain as it is more tolerant of track imperfections than Cape Gauge. Standard gauge furthermore allows for travel at Gautrain's required speed of 160 km/h.

Although increased flexibility can be obtained by keeping the system inter operable with the South African Rail Commuter Corporation's railway system, a strong case exist for keeping Gautrain separate from the existing network. According to the Gautrain planning and implementation study an inter operable network may impact service delivery, increase the operating cost and tarnish Gautrain's image. Gautrain's rolling stock will only be used on the new tracks it does not make sense to run the old, low performance rolling stock on the new network. An inter operable network will also increase safety requirements as existing steam and diesel trains would be able to access the new network and cause accidents.

Network

The rail network will be 80 kilometers in total. Gautrain is also connected to other forms of public transport like taxis, buses and the current Metrorail public train system. Using one integrated public transport ticket, commuters can change services between Metrorail train and Gautrain. Alternatively, commuters can make use of 125 luxury Gautrain buses that provides transport to destinations within a 15 kilometer radius.cite web |url= http://www.gautrain.co.za/index.php?ct=1&pid=1494&fid=2&click=7|title= Quick and punctual bus link|accessdate=2008-03-21 |work= Official Gautrain Website]

Traveling at a speed of 160 kilometers per hour, Gautrain will only take 40 minutes to travel between Johannesburg and Pretoria.cite web |url=http://www.gautrain.co.za/index.php?ct=1&pid=592&fid=3&click=2|title= Rail services|accessdate=2008-03-29 |work= Official Gautrain Website ] From Sandton to the OR Tambo International Airport it will only take 10 to 20 minutes. Commuters on this route can check in their luggage at the Sandton Station before arriving at OR Tambo International Airport.cite web |url= http://www.gautrain.co.za/index.php?pid=252&sterm=luggage&ct=1|title= Introduction|accessdate=2008-03-29 |work= Official Gautrain Website ]

At the moment, there are merely guidelines of the expected ticket prices. The cost for traveling on the Johannesburg/Pretoria route will be between R13.00 and R29.00, depending on distance. The cost of traveling to a station with the Gautrain Bus Link will be between R4.00 and R11.00. [cite web |url= http://www.gautrain.co.za/index.php?ct=1&pid=256&fid=2&click=8|title= Ridership & Fare Structure|accessdate=2008-06-24 |work= Official Gautrain Website ]

tations

There will be security cameras and security guards on patrol in the stations and the parking areas. Only passengers who have an electronic ticket will have access to Gautrain’s stations and the parking areas. Motorists can travel to the stations and leave their cars at the safe parking bays that are being built at the stations. Parking at the station could cost around R6.00 a day.

Ten station locations have been identified:

*Johannesburg Park Station - (underground station)
*Rosebank - (underground station)
*Sandton - (underground station)
*Marlboro - (station at grade)
*Midrand - (station at grade)
*Centurion - (station on structure)
*Pretoria - (station at grade)
*Hatfield - (station at grade)
*Rhodesfield - (station on structure)
*OR Tambo International Airport - (station on structure)

Rolling stock

Bombardier Transportation's Electrostar, a model of train common in south-east England, has been selected for the system. Fifteen cars will be manufactured and assembled by Bombardier in Derby, [cite web
title = The Production process of Gautrain's Electrostar rail cars
publisher = Official Gautrain Website
accessdate = 2008-08-02
url = http://www.gautrain.co.za/index.php?ct=1&pid=1728&fid=1
] and the remaining trains will be assembled by Union Carriage Works (UCW) Partnership in South Africa from components made in Britain. [cite press release
title = Bombardier Selected Preferred Bidder For Rapid Rail System In South Africa
publisher = Bombardier
date = 2005-07-02
url = http://www.bombardier.com/en/0_0/pressleft.jsp?id=2879&sCateg=1_0
] Gautrain will consist of 24 trains, each made up with four cars linked together: nineteen trains will service the commuter network and five trains will service the airport link; [cite web
title = Gautrain's unique rail car features
publisher = Official Gautrain Website
accessdate = 2008-08-02
url = http://www.gautrain.co.za/index.php?pid=1694&ct=1&fid=7&click=0
] each of these trains will consist of forward rail cars which will be specially adapted for use on the airport link with storage area for luggage and more luxurious seating. [cite web
title = Look and feel
publisher = Official Gautrain Website
accessdate = 2008-08-02
url = http://www.gautrain.co.za/index.php?pid=1416
] On July 8, 2008, the first four-car train set was handed over to the Gauteng Premier, Mbhazima Shilowa, during a handover ceremony in Derby.

Criticism

Much of the criticism around Gautrain is the concern that money is being spent on the rich at the expense of money that could be spent on the poor. [cite news
last = Celean
first = Jacobson
title = No reversing Gautrain
publisher = Sunday Times
date = 2005-11-27
url = http://www.sundaytimes.co.za/Articles/TarkArticle.aspx?ID=1786085
] It does not have any stops at or lines to any of the townships of Gauteng where the transport problem is severe and where the majority of the peoples of Gauteng is living. The planned fares of the line will also go far beyond the possibilities of South Africas poor majority. However, the train was never meant to be an alternative to mass public transport. It was intended to reduce pressure on Johannesburg's overloaded highway system. Figures released by the Gauteng provincial government in 2003 indicate that the project will do little to relieve traffic on the over-used Ben Schoeman Highway (one of the major motivations for the project), as traffic volumes will be higher when the Gautrain is completed and operating at full capacity in 2010. [cite web
title = Report of the Portfolio Committee on Transport on the Public Hearings on the Proposed Gautrain Project
publisher = Parliamentary Monitoring Group
date = 2005-11-16
url = http://www.pmg.org.za/docs/2005/comreports/051123pctransportreport2.htm
] Leftist political groupings like the SACP and labour movements like COSATU have branded the Gautrain as a "train for the rich" and called on government not to proceed with the project. A national parliamentary oversight body (the Transport Portfolio Committee) held public hearings in November 2005 and subsequently advised Cabinet to scrap or postpone the project. However, National Cabinet decided on 7 December 2005 to financially support the Gautrain Project.

Ridership

Critics have questioned the ridership estimates on which the project is based, stating that government officials almost always overestimate ridership to gain political approval for projects, and cite numerous international examples where similar projects operate at massive loss or were aborted.Fact|date=February 2007 One of the problems currently besetting public transport systems in South Africa is the exceptionally high crime rate. This is likely to impact negatively on government estimates of ridership levels.

The Gauteng provincial government guarantees ridership to the concessionaire who must build and operate the train. If predicted ridership levels do not materialize, taxpayers will by agreement pay an unspecified annual compensation to the concessionaire.Fact|date=February 2007

Taxpayers will no doubt follow with interest measures the government will take in order to guarantee a certain minimum ridership volume. On the other hand, it provides indication that the guarantee may not be honored, in which case it expects to enter into an agreement with taxpayers to underpin any financial shortfall.

Alternative transportation projects

Critics point out that the project will use the majority of available national and provincial transport funds in a context where massive amounts are needed to deal with widespread traffic congestion and commuter transport problems nationally and in the province. In addition, the existing railway system in the province (currently under national, not provincial, jurisdiction) that serves the majority of the population, is severely underfunded and large scale and violent public unrest, caused by inadequate and old public rail transport systems, has manifested in the province. Critics pointed out that alternative options like rapid bus transit systems can achieve similar levels of service at a fraction of the costs. [cite news
last = Lloyd
first = Wright
title = Mass-Transit Alternative for Gauteng
publisher = BusinessDay
date = 2005-11-08
url = http://www.businessday.co.za/Articles/TarkArticle.aspx?ID=1786932
] These matters were never submitted to a public debate as the project was designed and launched within the confines of the Gauteng Government bureaucracy.

Environmental issues

The environmental benefits of the project are also disputed and the environmental impact assessment (EIA) for the project has revealed that Gautrain will at best be environmentally neutral. South Africa uses dirty coal-based electricity generation and the electricity required for Gautrain will come from outside the Gauteng region. The pollution associated with the generation of this electricity will therefore effectively be exported to the Mpumalanga region, an area already under severe strain from air pollution.

In November 2005 communities in Johannesburg (Dunkeld community) decided to contest the alignment in their suburb. Legal action launched by the Muckleneuk / Lukasrand Property Owners and Residents Association (MLPORA) in 2004 (Case No. 28192/04), together with an urgent application launched by MLPORA in 2006, goes before the High Court of South Africa on 1 August 2006. MLPORA "inter alia" opposes the original environmental authorisation granted and the legality of the procedures being followed to approve variant alignments proposed by Bombela. In Pretoria the Gautrain skirts the inner city and cuts through the city's second oldest suburb (Muckleneuk) and high density residential areas and the middle of the city's educational precinct on its way to Hatfield. The alignment as proposed will result in the prevention of the future development of the cities education precinct an urban district with the potential to become a space of national significance. Legal action has also been brought by AECI in January 2006 which has not yet gone before court. Approximately 10% of the route traverses AECI owned land. A dispute with the Centurion Association for a Reasonable Environment (WeCARE) has been settled in favour of WeCARE in March 2006. Further legal challenges are expected.

Critics also question the stated growth and job creation benefits that the project will bring. The EIA for the project determined that it is a poorly performing public sector investment project. In addition the project sponsors have been completely silent on the social benefits that could be gained from alternative public sector investment programmes.

On 29 January 2006 the draft environmental reports on possible variant routes for the Gautrain Rapid Rail Link were released for public comment, without prior warning, and the public were given thirty days to comment on them. The variant alignment proposals are primarily cost-cutting measures proposed by the concessionaire for the project, Bombela. Acceptance of these proposals will lower overall project costs and raise their profits. The released draft EIA reports were compiled by experts without public participation and are being fast tracked through the system by the Gauteng Government. Environmental management plans (EMPs) have already been compiled for these route variants. In law EMPs are meant to mitigate environmental impacts identified in consultation with affected parties. The decision to approve the released EIAs and EMPs vests with the sphere of government that is bringing the project application, namely the Gauteng Government. The process followed raises serious questions regarding the audi alteram principle and the protection of the environmental rights of the public. The thirty-day window is, critics believe, not enough time to make a comprehensive response to the highly technical draft environmental reports.

The proposed route variants are in Hatfield, Centurion, Salvokop, Marlboro and Sandton.

Cost

The project is the largest and costliest transport infrastructure project ever proposed by the provincial government but was surprisingly never discussed in the Provincial Legislature or submitted to any significant public debate before it was approved and put out on tender. Initial cost estimates for the project came in at some R3.5 - 4 billion in 2000 when the project was announced by Premier Shilowa. This figure was revised upwards to R 7 billion for the purposes of the EIA process in 2003 and was finally revealed as being R20 billion (3.7 billion dollars) in 2005, after the successful bidder for the project was announced and a contract came into existence. [cite news
last = Anna
first = Cox
title = Shilowa's R20bn silence
publisher = The Star
date = 2005-11-01
url = http://www.thestar.co.za/index.php?fArticleId=2974907
] National and provincial government will contribute 20 billion rands in equal proportions) and a private sector concessionaire (Bombela) will contribute the balance of direct project costs. Loan funding will constitute a large part of these amounts but the financing costs involved have not been stated. The sunk costs for the project will be more than 20 billion rands. But in March 2008, Jeremy Cronin, chairman of the National Assembly's transport portfolio committee - and deputy secretary-general of the SACP complained that the cost had apparently quietly crept up to R35 billion. . [cite news
last = Linda
first = Ensor
title = Gautrain could cost R35bn — Cronin
publisher = Business Day
date = 2008-03-19
url = http://www.businessday.co.za/articles/topstories.aspx?ID=BD4A730053
] Cronin has long opposed the project and told the SA Parliament's lower house during a budget debate that his information was that the project's cost was escalating “quietly and below the radar screen”, though MPs “were told, hand on heart, here in Parliament just a few years ago, what the written-in-stone absolute upper limit was” [R20 billion] . The Gautrain management agency CEO Jack van der Merwe has subsequently denied this, stating that the project is a fixed price, fixed scope and fixed period contract, and that the price will only increase if the consumer price index increased above the South African Reserve Bank's prediction, if the Gauteng Province were in breech of contract, or if the project's scope were to change.cite news
last = Olivier
first = Mariaan
title = Gautrain agency dismisses claims that project's costs surged to R35bn
publisher = Creamer Media's Engineering News
date = 2008-03-20
url = http://www.engineeringnews.co.za/article.php?a_id=129655
]

Cost Time Line

* 2002 R3.5 - 4 billion initial cost estimate
* 2003 R7 billion revised cost estimates
* 2005 R20 billion revised cost estimate
* 2006 R 25.2 billion approved cost estimate [cite web|url=http://www.fin24.com/articles/default/display_article.aspx?Nav=ns&ArticleID=1518-1786_2216198|accessdate=2008-03-30|title =Gautrain to cost R25.5bn|work =Fin24|first=Michael|last=Hamlyn]

Awards

* International Association of Business Communicators African Quill Awards [cite news
title = AWARD WINNING GAUTRAIN
publisher = Official Gautrain Website
url = http://www.gautrain.co.za/index.php?pid=1464&ct=1&fid=7&click=10
] [cite news
title = Africa Quill Awards
publisher = iabc.co.za
date = 2008-06-01
url = http://www.iabc.co.za/goldquill_quillawards.html
]

* International Association of Business Communicators Gold Quill Awards [cite news
title = Congratulations to the 2008 IABC Gold Quill winners!
publisher = iabc.com
url = http://www.iabc.com/awards/gq/2008gqwinners.htm#division1
] [cite news
title = Gautrain receives an international award for media strategy
publisher = Official Gautrain Website
date = 2008-06-10
url = http://www.gautrain.co.za/index.php?ct=1&pid=1629&fid=7&click=10
]

* International Association of Public Transport’s Youth Project Award [cite news
title = The International Association of Public Transport presents the winners of the Youth awards
publisher = uitp.com
date = 2007-05-23
url = http://www.uitp.com/Helsinki2007/news/pr-news.cfm?&id=122&lg=en
] [cite news
title = GAUTRAIN WINS INTERNATIONAL AWARD
publisher = Official Gautrain Website
date = 2007-03-07
url = http://www.gautrain.co.za/index.php?pid=1312&ct=1&fid=7&click=10
]

* Public Private Finance Awards ‘Best Global Project to Sign’ Award at the 2008 [cite news
title = Gautrain wins international award
publisher = SA Good News
date = 2008-05-08
url = http://www.sagoodnews.co.za/south_africa_in_the_world/gautrain_wins_international_award.html
] [cite news
title = GLOBAL AWARD BY PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP INDUSTRY
publisher = Official Gautrain Website
url = http://www.gautrain.co.za/index.php?ct=1&pid=1628&fid=7&click=10
]

* Public Relations Institute of South Africa Prism Awards [cite news
title = PRISA PRISM Awards – A night to remember - March 26, 2008
publisher = prisa.co.za
url = http://prisa.co.za/prisa/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=68&Itemid=1
] [cite news
title = Gautrain Project took top honours
publisher = Official Gautrain Website
date = 2008-06-10
url = http://www.gautrain.co.za/index.php?ct=1&pid=1596&fid=7&click=10
]

* South African Association of Consulting Engineers’ Glenrand MIB Excellence Awards [cite news
title = PRESTIGIOUS AWARD FOR GAUTRAIN
publisher = Official Gautrain Website
url = http://www.gautrain.co.za/index.php?pid=1405&ct=1&fid=7&click=10
] [cite news
last = Pirie
first = Graham
title = Consulting Engineers - We Shape your world
publisher =
date = 2007-10-01
url = http://saace.co.za/insidetrack/october2007/
]

* South African Institution of Civil Engineering Photo Competition [cite news
title = SAICE Photo Competition
publisher = civils.org.za
url = http://www.civils.org.za/EventsAwards/PhotoCompetition/tabid/115/Default.aspx
] [cite news
title = GAUTRAIN FRAMES ANOTHER AWARD
publisher = Official Gautrain Website
url = http://www.gautrain.co.za/index.php?ct=1&pid=1446&fid=7&click=10
]

* South African Web Awards [cite news
title = SA Web Awards
publisher = SA Web Awards
url = http://www.webawards.co.za/main.php?rdid=0
] [cite news
last = Jensen
first = Ingrid (Own Correspondent)
title = MORE AWARDS FOR GAUTRAIN WEBSITES
publisher = Official Gautrain Website
date = 2007-11-21
url =
]

* 2008 Bently Empowered Award programme [cite news
title = 2008 BE Awards of Excellence Winners
publisher = bentley.com
url = http://www.bentley.com/en-US/Community/BE+Awards/2008awards.htm
] [cite news
title = World-Class Project Management Accolades
publisher = Official Gautrain Website
date = 2008-06-10
url = http://www.gautrain.co.za/index.php?pid=1662&ct=1&fid=7&click=10
]

ee also

*List of rapid transit systems
* [http://www.gautrain.co.za/contents/brochures/leaflet_2008_final.pdf Gautrain brochure]
* [http://www.gautrain.co.za/contents/reports/Bombela_Environmental_Annual_Report.pdf Bombela’s environmental status report]

Notes and references

External links

* [http://www.gautrain.co.za/ Official Gautrain Website]
* [http://www.mytrain.co.za/ Official MyTrain youth website]
* [http://kids.gautrain.co.za/ Official Children’s website]
* [http://www.gautraineia.co.za/ Gautrain Environmental Impact Assessment]
* [http://www.gautrain-env.co.za/index.php?fp=1 Gautrain Variant EIA investigations 2005/6]
* [http://news.google.co.za/archivesearch?q=Gautrain&hl=en&sa=N&lnav=m&scoring=t Gautrain Googled Timeline]
* [http://www.gautrain.co.za/img_gal/ Latest progress photos]
* [http://www.railwaygazette.com/pi_single/article/2008/07/8572/gautrain_from_dream_to_reality.html Railway Gazette: "Gautrain from dream to reality"] , 8 July 2008, by Jack van der Merwe (Gautrain CEO)
* [http://www.bombardier.com/en/transportation/products-services/transportation-systems/intercity-systems/gautrain--south-africa?docID=0901260d80020578 Official Bombardier Website]


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