John Aaron Rawlins


John Aaron Rawlins

Infobox US Cabinet official
name=John Aaron Rawlins



order=29th
title=United States Secretary of War
term_start=March 13, 1869
term_end=September 6, 1869
president=Ulysses S. Grant
predecessor=John M. Schofield
successor=William W. Belknap
birth_date=birth date|1831|2|13|mf=y
birth_place=Galena, Illinois, U.S.
death_date=death date and age|1869|9|6|1831|2|13
death_place=Washington, D.C., U.S.
party=Republican
spouse=
profession=Lawyer, General, Politician

John Aaron Rawlins (February 13, 1831 – September 6, 1869) was an United States Army general during the American Civil War, a confidant of Ulysses S. Grant, and later U.S. Secretary of War.

Biography

Born in Illinois, Rawlins practiced law there after being admitted to the bar in 1854. In 1861, at the outbreak of the Civil War, Rawlins met Ulysses S. Grant, who was raising a regiment from Galena to answer President Abraham Lincoln's call for troops. He initially served as a volunteer aide-de-camp, but at Grant's request, Rawlins joined the United States Army as a captain and assistant adjutant general under Grant's command. Rawlins remained with Grant throughout the war, in roles of increasing responsibility and rank, including Chief of Staff of the Army of the Tennessee and of the Military Division of the Mississippi. He and was known for his great attention to detail, as well as being a stickler in proper protocol. He was promoted to brigadier general on August 11, 1863. When Grant was promoted to general in chief of all the Union armies, Rawlins became Chief of Staff of the General Headquarters of the United States Army. He was promoted to brevet major general on February 24, 1865, to brigadier general in the regular army March 3, and brevet major general in the regular army on April 9.

Rawlins remained with Grant even after the general was elected President, serving as Grant's first Secretary of War. However, Rawlins had contracted tuberculosis, and his failing health caused his term in office to be brief (March 11 – September 6, 1869). His doctors recommended that Rawlins go to Arizona, where the dry desert climate would allow him to live longer. Rawlins refused, wishing to stay at Grant's side as his Secretary of War. He died in Washington and was buried in Congressional Cemetery, but his remains were later relocated to Arlington National Cemetery. The town of Rawlins, county seat of Carbon County, Wyoming, is named for him, as well as Rawlins County, Kansas.

Personal relationship with Grant

Rawlins devoted his efforts to maintaining Grant's public image during the war. Grant was known before the war for trouble with alcoholism, but it was revealed, in a letter from Rawlins to Grant (which Grant never saw), that Grant maintained his sobriety during his command of the Army. In this letter, made public in 1891—several years after Grant's death—Rawlins wrote, "I find you where the wine bottle has been emptied, in company with those who drink, and urge you not to do likewise." Rawlins noted that this advice was "heeded, and all went well", thus proving that Grant was not impaired by drink when his decision-making was critical.

There was speculation that by the time Rawlins died, he and Grant had grown distant and that Grant no longer needed Rawlins's constant fussing over his imageRef|Grant. When Rawlins died, only his temporary successor as Secretary of War, General William Tecumseh Sherman, was at his bedside. In his memoirs, written shortly before his death, Grant only mentioned Rawlins twice, and essentially ignored their professional and personal relationship. Surviving members of Grant's former staff were outraged at the fact that Grant would snub someone who had been as loyal to him—literally to the death—as Rawlins had been. The most likely explanation for this is given by historian E.B. Long, who wrote, "It might be that Grant did not wish to praise Rawlins too profusely because of the current reports picturing Rawlins as the protector of Grant from his own bad habits."

Notes

# [http://www.mscomm.com/~ulysses/ Article on Rawlins at the Ulysses S. Grant Homepage] .

ee also

* List of American Civil War generals

References

* Eicher, John H., & Eicher, David J., "Civil War High Commands", Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
*Wilson, James Harrison, "The Life of John A. Rawlins", Neale Company, 1916.

External links

* [http://www.congressionalcemetery.org/HTML/Veterans/Vets_CivilWar.html Congressional Cemetery entry for Rawlins]
*findagrave|6521 Retrieved on 2008-08-17

Persondata
NAME= Rawlins, John Aaron
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=
SHORT DESCRIPTION= Union Army general
DATE OF BIRTH=
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH=
PLACE OF DEATH=


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Aaron Rawlins — (* 13. Februar 1831 in Galena, Illinois; † 6. September 1869 in Washington, D.C.) war ein United States Army General während des amerikanischen Bürgerkriegs, ein Vertrauter von …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Aaron Rawlins — Naissance 13 février 1831 Galena (Illinois) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rawlins — is a surname and may refer to:Subscript text=People= *Adrian Rawlins British actor *Chip Rawlins writer *Dennis Rawlins American astronomer, historian, and publisher *Dustin R. Rawlins Grand Lodge Appointed Officer: Assistant to the Grand Master… …   Wikipedia

  • John Caldwell Calhoun — (* 18. März 1782 Calhoun Mills bei Abbeville im Abbeville County, South Carolina; † 31. März 1850 in Washington D. C.) war der 7. Vizepräsident der Vereinigten Staaten von 1825 bis 1832 u …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Armstrong, Jr. — John Armstrong jun. John Armstrong Jr. (* 25. November 1758 in Carlisle, Pennsylvania; † 1. April 1843 in Red Hook, New York) war ein US amerikanischer Soldat und Politiker. Er war ein Delegierter des Kontinentalkongresses, Senator von New York… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Armstrong Jr. — John Armstrong jun. John Armstrong Jr. (* 25. November 1758 in Carlisle, Pennsylvania; † 1. April 1843 in Red Hook, New York) war ein US amerikanischer Soldat und Politiker. Er war ein Delegierter des Kontinentalkongresses, Senator von New York… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aaron — ist ein männlicher Vorname ( ארון dt. Lade, Kasten aber auch Bundeslade) . Namenstag ist der 1. Juli. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Varianten 3 Bekannte Namensträger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Rawlins — may refer to:* John Aaron Rawlins (1831 1869), an United States Army general during the American Civil War * John Rawlins (director) (1902 1997), an American film director …   Wikipedia

  • Rawlins County — Courthouse in Atwood Verwaltung US Bundesstaat: Kansas …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rawlins — heißt der Ort Rawlins (Wyoming) in den USA Rawlins ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Adrian Rawlins (* 1958), britischer Schauspieler John Aaron Rawlins (1831–1869), General der US Army Joseph Lafayette Rawlins (1850–1926), US… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.