Folsom tradition


Folsom tradition

The Folsom Complex is a name given by archaeologists to a specific Paleo-Indian archaeological culture that occupied much of central North America. The term was first used in 1927 by Jesse Dade Figgins, director of the Colorado Museum of Natural History.

Numerous Paleoindian cultures occupied North America, with some restricted to the Great Plains and Great Lakes of the modern United States of America and Canada as well as adjacent areas to the west and south west. The Folsom Tradition was characterised by use of Folsom points as projectile tips and activities known from kill sites where slaughter and butchering of bison took place and Folsom tools were left behind.

Some kill sites exhibit evidence of up to 50 bison being killed, although the Folsom diet apparently included mountain sheep, marmots, deer and cottontail rabbit as well.

A Folsom site at Hanson, Wyoming also revealed areas of hardstanding which indicate possible dwellings.

The type site is Folsom Site, near Folsom, New Mexico in Colfax County (29CX1), a marsh-side kill site found in about 1908 by George McJunkin (an ex-slave Cowboy who had lived in Texas as a child). The excavation by archaeologists did not occur until 1926.

The Folsom Complex is thought to have derived from the earlier Clovis culture and dates to between 9000 BC and 8000 BC.

The Lindenmeier Site in Colorado is a campsite that was used throughout a longer period, spanning this era.

References

*cite book |title= The Great Taos Bank Robbery and Other Indian Country Affairs |last= Hillerman |first= Anthony G. |authorlink= Tony Hillerman |year= 1973 |publisher= University of New Mexico Press |isbn= 0-8263-0306-4|chapter= The Hunt for the Lost American republished in cite book |title= The Great Taos Bank Robbery and Other Indian Country Affairs |year= 1997 |month= May |publisher= Harper Paperbacks |location= New York |isbn= 0-06-101173-8


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  • Folsom point — Folsom points are a distinct form of chipped stone projectile points associated with the Folsom Tradition of North America.The style of toolmaking was named for Folsom, New Mexico where the first sample was found within the bone structure of a… …   Wikipedia

  • Folsom — may refer to:In places in the United States of America: *Folsom, California *Folsom, Louisiana *Folsom, New Jersey *Folsom, New Mexico *Folsom, PennsylvaniaIn people: * Abby Folsom (? 1867), American feminist and abolitionist * Allan Folsom (born …   Wikipedia

  • Tradition Folsom — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Folsom. La Tradition Folsom (Folsom Tradition en anglais) est le nom donné par les archéologues aux cultures disparues du centre de l Amérique du Nord. On pense qu elle succède à la culture Clovis au Xe ou IXe… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Folsom, New Mexico — Infobox Settlement official name = Folsom, New Mexico settlement type = Village nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = image imagesize = image caption = image mapsize = 250px map caption = Location of Folsom, New Mexico mapsize1 = map… …   Wikipedia

  • Folsom Site — Infobox nrhp | name =Folsom Site nrhp type = nhl caption = nearest city= Folsom, New Mexico locmapin = New Mexico area = architect= architecture= designated= January 20, 1961cite web|url=http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=334… …   Wikipedia

  • Folsom point — a flint point characteristic of the Folsom tradition, typically leaf shaped and fluted, with small basal extensions, and used on a projectile, as a spear, for hunting game. [1930 35] * * * Folsom point, a thin, chipped stone somewhat like an… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Folsom man — 1. a Paleo Indian of the Folsom tradition. 2. a human skull found in Midland, Texas, that is believed to be contemporary with the Folsom tradition. [1930 35, Amer.] * * * …   Universalium

  • Folsom man — 1. a Paleo Indian of the Folsom tradition. 2. a human skull found in Midland, Texas, that is believed to be contemporary with the Folsom tradition. [1930 35, Amer.] …   Useful english dictionary

  • Folsom point — a flint point characteristic of the Folsom tradition, typically leaf shaped and fluted, with small basal extensions, and used on a projectile, as a spear, for hunting game. [1930 35] * * * …   Universalium

  • Folsom — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Folsom peut faire référence à : Sommaire 1 Patronymes 2 Toponymie …   Wikipédia en Français


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