Folsom point


Folsom point

Folsom points are a distinct form of chipped stone projectile points associated with the Folsom Tradition of North America.

The style of toolmaking was named for Folsom, New Mexico where the first sample was found within the bone structure of a bison in 1927 [ [http://www.amnh.org/exhibitions/expeditions/treasure_fossil/Treasures/Folsom_Point/point.html?50 American Museum of Natural History] ] .

The points are bifacially worked (shaped equally on both sides) and have a symmetrical, leaf-like shape with a concave base and wide, shallow grooves running almost the entire length of the point. The edges are finely worked. The characteristic groove, known as fluting, may have served to aid hafting to a wooden spear shaft or dart or perhaps to improve penetration of the target. The fluting may also have been a stylistic element or have had some symbolic purpose. The fluting required great technical ability to effect, and it took archaeologists many years of experimentation to replicate it.

Folsom points are found widely across North America and are dated to the period between 9500 BC and 8000 BC. The discovery of these artifacts in the early 20th century raised questions about when the first humans arrived in North America. The prevailing idea of a time depth of about 3,000 years was clearly mistaken. In 1932, an even earlier style of projectile point was found, Clovis, dating back to 13,500 years ago. Clovis points have been found "in situ" in association with mammoth skeletons [ [http://www.sangres.com/history/firstamericans.htm Sangres] ] .

In the Great Plains area, Folsom points were replaced over time by Plano points of the various Plano cultures [ [http://www.ssc.uwo.ca/assoc/oas/points/madina.html Ontario Archaeological Society] ] .

ee also

*Folsom tradition

References

*cite book |title= The Great Taos Bank Robbery and Other Indian Country Affairs |last= Hillerman |first= Anthony G. |authorlink= Tony Hillerman |year= 1973 |publisher= University of New Mexico Press |isbn= 0-8263-0306-4|chapter= The Hunt for the Lost American republished in cite book |title= The Great Taos Bank Robbery and Other Indian Country Affairs |year= 1997 |month= May |publisher= Harper Paperbacks |location= New York |isbn= 0-06-101173-8

External links

* [http://www.sdsmt.edu/wwwsarc/collectn/stone/folsom.html Folsom points]
* [http://www.amnh.org/exhibitions/expeditions/treasure_fossil/Treasures/Folsom_Point/point.html?cults American Museum of Natural History--Folsom Point]


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  • Folsom point — a flint point characteristic of the Folsom tradition, typically leaf shaped and fluted, with small basal extensions, and used on a projectile, as a spear, for hunting game. [1930 35] * * * Folsom point, a thin, chipped stone somewhat like an… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Folsom point — a flint point characteristic of the Folsom tradition, typically leaf shaped and fluted, with small basal extensions, and used on a projectile, as a spear, for hunting game. [1930 35] * * * …   Universalium

  • Folsom — may refer to:In places in the United States of America: *Folsom, California *Folsom, Louisiana *Folsom, New Jersey *Folsom, New Mexico *Folsom, PennsylvaniaIn people: * Abby Folsom (? 1867), American feminist and abolitionist * Allan Folsom (born …   Wikipedia

  • Folsom-Kultur — Folsom point – eine charakterische Projektilspitze der Folsom Kultur Die Folsom Kultur, benannt nach dem ersten Fundort, Folsom in New Mexico, ist eine frühe prähistorische Kultur der paläoindianischen Periode in Nordamerika. Ihre Verbreitung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Folsom complex — Prehistoric culture of North America on the eastern side of the Rocky Mountains that is known from stone tools. It is characterized by leaf shaped flint projectile points having a concave base with side projections and a longitudinal groove on… …   Universalium

  • Folsom, New Mexico — Infobox Settlement official name = Folsom, New Mexico settlement type = Village nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = image imagesize = image caption = image mapsize = 250px map caption = Location of Folsom, New Mexico mapsize1 = map… …   Wikipedia

  • Folsom tradition — The Folsom Complex is a name given by archaeologists to a specific Paleo Indian archaeological culture that occupied much of central North America. The term was first used in 1927 by Jesse Dade Figgins, director of the Colorado Museum of Natural… …   Wikipedia

  • Folsom Site — Infobox nrhp | name =Folsom Site nrhp type = nhl caption = nearest city= Folsom, New Mexico locmapin = New Mexico area = architect= architecture= designated= January 20, 1961cite web|url=http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=334… …   Wikipedia

  • Folsom — /fohl seuhm/, n. a town in central California. 11,003. /fohl seuhm/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a prehistoric North American cultural tradition extensive in the Great Plains about 11,000 years ago and typified by the use of the… …   Universalium

  • Folsom-Cordova Unified School District — is a fairly large school district in California covering the cities of Folsom; Rancho Cordova, and most of Mather. With 32 separate schools, it also has an adult education program. There are 18 grade schools, 4 middle schools, 3 high schools, and …   Wikipedia


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