USS Bottineau (APA-235)

USS "Bottineau" (APA-235) was a sclass|Haskell|attack transport that saw service with the US Navy in World War II.

"Bottineau" was named after Bottineau County, North Dakota. She was launched on 22 November 1944 by Kaiser Shipbuilding of Vancouver, Washington, under a Maritime Commission contract; transferred to the Navy 30 December, and commissioned the same day, Captain H. B. Edgar in command.

Operational history

Reporting to the Pacific Fleet, "Bottineau" carried a cargo of ammunition to Pearl Harbor during March 1945. Departing Pearl Harbor 9 April she carried replacement troops to Saipan, Marianas Islands, and evacuated casualties from Okinawa before returning to the United States on 10 June 1945. She then carried replacement troops to the Philippines and returned to Pearl Harbor to prepare for the invasion of Japan.

After hostilities

Following the Japanese surrender she landed elements of the 98th Division at Wakayama, Honshū, Japan, 1 October 1945. "Bottineau" departed 6 October for Guam and returned to the United States with Pacific veterans, arriving at Seattle, Washington, 26 January 1946.

Atomic bomb tests

Between February and May 1946 "Bottineau" operated between San Francisco and San Diego. Departing San Pedro, California, 25 May 1946, she arrived at Bikini Atoll 6 June for Operation Crossroads, designed to test the effectiveness of atomic bombs on warships. Over 200 warships participated in the operation, 75 of them as targets.

"Bottineau"'s role in the tests was to act as a transport for the target vessel boarding teams. Following the tests she returned to San Francisco, arriving 21 August. She was placed out of commission in reserve there 8 March 1947.

econd commission

Recommissioned 24 March 1951, "Bottineau" served with Amphibious Forces, Pacific Fleet, until August when she steamed to Norfolk, Virginia, arriving 4 September. "Bottineau" served with the Atlantic Fleet, taking part in amphibious training exercises and other routine peacetime duties, until going out of commission at Philadelphia 31 August 1955.

She was struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 1 July 1961 and returned to the Maritime Administration, who transferred her to the National Defense Reserve Fleet, James River, Fort Eustis, Virginia. On 1 January 1969, while still in the Reserve Fleet, she was redesignated an amphibious transport, LPA-235. She was disposed of between July 1983 and January 1984, probably being sold for scrap.

Decorations

For her World War II service "Bottineau" received one battle star.

References

* [http://www.hazegray.org/danfs/amphib/apa235.htm "Bottineau" (APA-235)] , DANFS Online
* [http://www.navsource.org/archives/10/03/03235.htm APA/LPA-235 "Bottineau"] , Navsource Online

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