USS Bottineau (APA-235)
USS "Bottineau" (APA-235) was a sclass|Haskell|attack transport that saw service with the US Navy in
World War II.
"Bottineau" was named after
Bottineau County, North Dakota. She was launched on 22 November 1944by Kaiser Shipbuildingof Vancouver, Washington, under a Maritime Commissioncontract; transferred to the Navy 30 December, and commissioned the same day, Captain H. B. Edgar in command.
Reporting to the
PacificFleet, "Bottineau" carried a cargo of ammunition to Pearl Harborduring March 1945. Departing Pearl Harbor 9 Aprilshe carried replacement troops to Saipan, Marianas Islands, and evacuated casualties from Okinawabefore returning to the United Stateson 10 June 1945. She then carried replacement troopsto the Philippinesand returned to Pearl Harbor to prepare for the invasion of Japan.
Following the Japanese surrender she landed elements of the 98th Division at
Wakayama, Honshū, Japan, 1 October 1945. "Bottineau" departed 6 Octoberfor Guamand returned to the United States with Pacific veterans, arriving at Seattle, Washington, 26 January 1946.
Atomic bomb tests
Between February and May 1946 "Bottineau" operated between San Francisco and San Diego. Departing San Pedro, California,
25 May 1946, she arrived at Bikini Atoll 6 Junefor Operation Crossroads, designed to test the effectiveness of atomic bombson warships. Over 200 warships participated in the operation, 75 of them as targets.
"Bottineau"'s role in the tests was to act as a transport for the target vessel boarding teams. Following the tests she returned to San Francisco, arriving 21 August. She was placed out of commission in reserve there
8 March 1947.
24 March 1951, "Bottineau" served with Amphibious Forces, Pacific Fleet, until August when she steamed to Norfolk, Virginia, arriving 4 September. "Bottineau" served with the AtlanticFleet, taking part in amphibious training exercises and other routine peacetime duties, until going out of commission at Philadelphia 31 August 1955.
She was struck from the
Naval Vessel Registeron 1 July 1961and returned to the Maritime Administration, who transferred her to the National Defense Reserve Fleet, James River, Fort Eustis, Virginia. On 1 January 1969, while still in the Reserve Fleet, she was redesignated an amphibious transport, LPA-235. She was disposed of between July 1983 and January 1984, probably being sold for scrap.
For her World War II service "Bottineau" received one
* [http://www.hazegray.org/danfs/amphib/apa235.htm "Bottineau" (APA-235)] , DANFS Online
* [http://www.navsource.org/archives/10/03/03235.htm APA/LPA-235 "Bottineau"] , Navsource Online
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