Rivière-Rouge, Quebec

Rivière−Rouge is located in Quebec
Location in Quebec, Canada
Coordinates: 46°25′N 74°52′W / 46.417°N 74.867°W / 46.417; -74.867Coordinates: 46°25′N 74°52′W / 46.417°N 74.867°W / 46.417; -74.867
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Laurentides
RCM Antoine-Labelle
Founded 1983
Incorporation 2002
 – Type Ville
 – Mayor Déborah Bélanger
 – City Council
 – Land 454.99 km2 (175.7 sq mi)
Population (2006)[1]
 – Total 4,152
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 – Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Website www.riviere-rouge.ca

Rivière-Rouge (English translation: Red River) is a city located in Antoine-Labelle Regional County Municipality, Quebec, Canada. As of 2006, the population was 4,152 (-6.8% from Canada 2001 Census).



The city was created in 2002 by the forced merger of the villages of L'Annonciation, La Macaza, Sainte-Véronique, and Canton Marchand. After a referendum in 2004, La Macaza has since been reincorporated and has gained some independence over certain aspects of government, but under Quebec law it still falls under regional municipality rules. The original villages are now referred to as sectors or burroughs by the same names. Although the city is named Rivière-Rouge, most people still call each town by their historical names. The three sectors are L'Annonciation, Marchand, and Sainte-Veronique.

The city is named for Rouge River that runs through the area. It is a tributary of the Ottawa River (French: Rivière des Outaouais). The region was always known as La Vallee de la Rouge (English: The Valley of the Red), and the city name was probably chosen for this reason. The now defunct local Air cadet squadron number 883 was also called Rivière-Rouge. Rivière-Rouge is also the name of the Regional Municipal Authority (Fr:Agglomération) that was created after La Macaza split. The Regional Municipal Authority is responsible for managing aspects that are common to all municipalities that were once merged, examples are 911 service, public safety, recycling and many other city functions that were merged into the city.

The village of l'Annonciation was created in 1908 from the "Down town" area of the municipality of Marchand, so in one sense it has been re-absorbed into the whole. The two municipalities had done many things in cooperation prior to the merger.

Health and Welfare


Du Méandre School

There are two public schools in Rivière-Rouge. La Meandre (known as Ecole Ste-Croix before the province of Quebec restructured their school systems) is located in the L'Annonciation sector. The school goes from kindergarten to secondary 3 (9th grade). It serves as the grade school for the L'Annonciation and Marchand sectors as well as the regional junior high school (secondary 1 through 3, or grades 7 through 9) for Rivière-Rouge, La Macaza, L’Ascension, Nominingue, Ste-Veronique, Lac Saguay and unincorporated areas in between. Students must complete their last two years of high school at Ecole Polyvalente St-Joseph in the nearby city of Mont-Laurier. École du Christ-Roi is a k-6 grade school located in the Ste-Veronique sector. All the public schools in Rivière-Rouge are part of the Pierre-Neveu School district. The main office is located in Mont-Laurier. As an unexplained oddity the school in L'Annonciation was the only school in the district renamed to have a non secular name.


Centre Hospitalier Des Laurentides

The city also is home to the regional hospital, Le Centre Hospitalier Des Laurentides (CHDL), which is located in the L'Annonciation sector along the Trans-Canada highway. The hospital is in theory a full service hospital, but each year the provincial health care budget changes considerably and cuts or expansions in services occur. A large portion of the hospital is allocated to the mental ward and to the care of psychiatric patients.


The city does not have a municipal police or public safety force and must rely on the Mont-Laurier precinct of the Sûreté du Québec for police services.


The city has a volunteer fire department with two fire stations, one serving the Ste-Veronique sector and one serving both the L'Annonciation and Marchand sectors. Prior to the creation of the city, the villages of L'Annonciation and Canton Marchand operated a joint fire department. The city continued to use the same buildings and equipment from the villages.


The provincial government has over the years looked into creating a bypass of the Trans-Canada Highway Route 117 that runs through the L'Annonciation sector, in order to alleviate traffic problems caused by a combination of heavy truck traffic, heavy weekend tourist traffic and a main street that was not built for the amount of traffic. The currently planned new route would cut traffic in the downtown L'Annonciation area by an estimated 75%. The road would split off the current highway south of the village and pass the village to the west, and rejoin the main road just to the north near highway 321. There would also be one additional exchange built off the new highway, about half way that would join up to Montée Marois, a street in the center of the village where the only traffic light is. Much of the land acquisition surveying, and clearing has been undertaken over the past two years. It was expected to be completed by the end of 2009, as of 2011 is still under construction.


  1. ^ "2006 Canadian census". http://www12.statcan.ca/census-recensement/2006/dp-pd/prof/92-591/details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=2479037&Geo2=PR&Code2=24&Data=Count&SearchText=Riv%E8re-Rouge&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=. 

External links

Media related to Rivière-Rouge at Wikimedia Commons

Main/western part
Small eastern section (less than 1 km² in area)

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