Theatrical release poster
Directed by Barry Levinson Produced by Mark Johnson Screenplay by Barry Morrow
Story by Barry Morrow Starring Dustin Hoffman
Music by Hans Zimmer Cinematography John Seale Editing by Stu Linder Distributed by United Artists Release date(s) December 16, 1988 Running time 133 minutes Country United States Language English
Budget $25 million Box office $354,825,435
Rain Man is a 1988 drama film written by Barry Morrow and Ronald Bass and directed by Barry Levinson. It tells the story of an abrasive and selfish yuppie, Charlie Babbitt, who discovers that his estranged father has died and bequeathed all of his multimillion-dollar estate to his other son, Raymond, an autistic savant of whose existence Charlie was unaware.
The film stars Dustin Hoffman as Raymond Babbitt, Tom Cruise as Charlie Babbitt and Valeria Golino as Charlie's girlfriend, Susanna. Morrow created the character of Raymond after meeting Kim Peek, a real-life savant; his characterization was based on both Peek and Bill Sackter, a good friend of Morrow who was the subject of Bill, an earlier film that Morrow wrote. Rain Man received overwhelmingly positive reviews at the time of its release, praising Hoffman's role and the wit and sophistication of the screenplay.
The film won four Oscars at the 61st Academy Awards (March 1989), including Best Picture, Best Original Screenplay, Best Director, and Best Actor in a leading role for Hoffman. Its crew received an additional four nominations. The film also won the Golden Bear at the 39th Berlin International Film Festival.
Charlie Babbitt (Tom Cruise), a Los Angeles car dealer in his mid-twenties, is in the middle of importing four grey market Lamborghinis. The deal is being threatened by the EPA, and if Charlie cannot meet its requirements he will lose a significant amount of money. After some quick subterfuge with an employee, Charlie leaves for a weekend trip to Palm Springs with his girlfriend, Susanna (Valeria Golino).
Charlie's trip is cancelled by news that his estranged father, Sanford Babbitt, has died. Charlie travels to Cincinnati, Ohio, to settle the estate, where he learns an undisclosed trustee is inheriting $3 million on behalf of an unnamed beneficiary, while all he is to receive is a classic Buick Roadmaster convertible and several prize rose bushes. Eventually he learns the money is being directed to a mental institution, which is the home of his brother with autism, Raymond (Dustin Hoffman), of whose existence Charlie was previously unaware. This leads Charlie to ask the question that permeates the movie: "Why didn't somebody tell me I had a brother?"
Although Raymond has autism, he also has superb recall, albeit usually with little understanding of the subject matter, and extreme skill in mathematics. He is said to be a savant by some doctors. He is frightened by change and adheres to strict routines (for example, his continual repetition of the "Who's on First?" sketch). Except when he is in distress, he shows little emotional expression and avoids eye contact. Numbed by learning that he has a brother and determined to get what he believes is his fair share of the Babbitt estate, Charlie takes Raymond on what becomes a cross-country car trip (due to Raymond's fear of flying) back to Los Angeles to meet with his attorneys. Charlie intends to start a custody battle in order to get Raymond's doctor, Dr. Gerald R. Bruner (Jerry Molen), to settle out of court for half of Sanford Babbitt's estate so that the mental institution can maintain custody of Raymond. Susanna, disgusted by Charlie's self-centeredness and his attempts at using his brother as a pawn to gain the money, leaves Charlie in Cincinnati and disappears.
During the course of the journey, Charlie learns about Raymond's autism, which he initially believes is curable — resulting in his frequent frustration with his brother's antics. He also learns about how his brother came to be separated from his family, as a result of an accident when he was left alone with Charlie when Charlie was a baby. Raymond also sings "I Saw Her Standing There" by The Beatles like he did when Charlie was young, prompting Charlie to realize that Raymond is the protective figure from his childhood, whom he falsely remembered as an imaginary friend named "Rain Man." Charlie proves to be sometimes shallow and exploitative, as when he learns that Raymond has an excellent memory and takes him to Las Vegas to win money at blackjack by counting cards. However, towards the end of their trip Charlie finds himself becoming protective of Raymond, and grows to truly love him.
Charlie finally meets with his attorney to try to get his share of his inheritance, but then decides that he no longer cares about the money and really just wants to have custody of his brother. However, at a meeting with a court-appointed psychiatrist and Dr. Bruner, Raymond is unable to decide exactly what he wants. Eventually, the psychiatrist presses Raymond to make the decision, upsetting him and leading Charlie to request that the doctor back off. Raymond is allowed to go back home to Cincinnati. Charlie, who has gained a new brother and mellowed considerably, promises Raymond as he boards an Amtrak train that he will visit in two weeks.
Agents at CAA sent the script to Hoffman and Bill Murray, envisioning Murray in the title role and Hoffman in the role eventually portrayed by Cruise. Martin Brest, Steven Spielberg, and Sydney Pollack were directors also involved in the film.
Almost all of the principal photography occurred during the 1988 Writers Guild of America strike; one key scene that was affected by the lack of writers was the film's final scene. Bass delivered his last rough cut of the script only hours before the strike started and spent no time on the set.
Rain Man was overall positively received by critics. It garnered an 87% approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes with an average score of 7.7/10. Vincent Canby of The New York Times called Rain Man a "becomingly modest, decently thought-out, sometimes funny film"; Hoffman's performance was a "display of sustained virtuosity . . . [which] makes no lasting connections with the emotions. Its end effect depends largely on one's susceptibility to the sight of an actor acting nonstop and extremely well, but to no particularly urgent dramatic purpose." Canby considered the "film's true central character" to be "the confused, economically and emotionally desperate Charlie, beautifully played by Mr. Cruise."
Amy Dawes of Variety wrote that "one of the year's most intriguing film premises ... is given uneven, slightly off-target treatment"; she calls the road scenes "hastily, loosely written, with much extraneous screen time," but admired the last third of the film, calling it a depiction of "two very isolated beings" who "discover a common history and deep attachment."
One of the film's harshest reviews came from New Yorker magazine critic Pauline Kael: "Everything in this movie is fudged ever so humanistically, in a perfunctory, low-pressure way. And the picture has its effectiveness: people are crying at it. Of course they're crying at it — it's a piece of wet kitsch."
Rain Man debuted on December 16, 1988, and was the second on the weekend's box office receipts (behind Twins), with $7 million. It reached the first spot on the December 30–January 2 weekend, finishing 1988 with $42 million. The film would end up as the highest-grossing film of 1988 with $172 million .
Rain Man won Academy Awards for Best Picture, Best Actor in a Leading Role (Dustin Hoffman), Best Director, and Best Writing, Original Screenplay. It was nominated for Best Art Direction-Set Decoration (Ida Random, Linda DeScenna), Best Cinematography (John Seale), Best Film Editing, and Best Music, Original Score.
Effect on popular culture
Rain Man's portrayal of the main character's condition has been seen as inaugurating a common and incorrect media stereotype that people on the autism spectrum typically have savant skills, and references to Rain Man, in particular Dustin Hoffman's performance, have become a popular shorthand for autism and savantism. However, Rain Man has also been seen as dispelling a number of other misconceptions about autism and improving public awareness of the failure of many agencies to accommodate autistic people and make use of the abilities they do have, regardless of whether they are savant skills.
- ^ a b c Barry Morrow's audio commentary for Rain Man from the DVD release.
- ^ a b c Rain Man at the Internet Movie Database
- ^ a b "Berlinale: 1989 Prize Winners". berlinale.de. http://www.berlinale.de/en/archiv/jahresarchive/1989/03_preistr_ger_1989/03_Preistraeger_1989.html. Retrieved 2011-03-13.
- ^ a b Bass' audio commentary for Rain Man from the DVD release.
- ^ a b Rain Man, Variety, December 14, 1988
- ^ "Rain Man (1988)". Rotten Tomatoes. http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/rain_man/. Retrieved July 4, 2010.
- ^ a b December 1988 review from The New York Times
- ^ Kael, Pauline. Rain Man at Metacritic, The New Yorker (Feb. 1989)
- ^ "Weekend Box Office: December 16–18, 1988". Box Office Mojo. http://boxofficemojo.com/weekend/chart/?yr=1988&wknd=51&p=.htm.
- ^ "Weekend Box Office: December 30–January 2, 1988". Box Office Mojo. http://boxofficemojo.com/weekend/chart/?yr=1988&wknd=53a&p=.htm.
- ^ Rain Man at Box Office Mojo
- ^ "The 61st Academy Awards (1989) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. http://www.oscars.org/awards/academyawards/legacy/ceremony/61st-winners.html. Retrieved 2011-07-31.
- ^ Darold Treffert. "Rain Man, the Movie/Rain Man, Real Life". http://www.wisconsinmedicalsociety.org/savant_syndrome/savant_articles/rain_man.
- ^ I. Nelson Rose; Robert A. Loeb (1999). Blackjack and the Law. Rge Pub. ISBN 9780910575089.
- Rain Man at the Internet Movie Database
- Rain Man at the TCM Movie Database
- Rain Man at AllRovi
- Rain Man at Box Office Mojo
- Rain Man at Rotten Tomatoes
- Rain Man at Metacritic
Academy Award for Best Picture (1981–2000)
Chariots of Fire (1981) · Gandhi (1982) · Terms of Endearment (1983) · Amadeus (1984) · Out of Africa (1985) · Platoon (1986) · The Last Emperor (1987) · Rain Man (1988) · Driving Miss Daisy (1989) · Dances with Wolves (1990) · The Silence of the Lambs (1991) · Unforgiven (1992) · Schindler's List (1993) · Forrest Gump (1994) · Braveheart (1995) · The English Patient (1996) · Titanic (1997) · Shakespeare in Love (1998) · American Beauty (1999) · Gladiator (2000)
Complete list · (1927–1940) · (1941–1960) · (1961–1980) · (1981–2000) · (2001–2020) Autism-related films Documentary Docudrama/BiodramaSon-Rise: A Miracle of Love · Temple Grandin · Wretches & Jabberers Educational filmsThe Transporters Fictional filmsPortal:Film · Portal:Pervasive Developmental DisordersWiktionary · Wikibooks · Wikiquote · WikiSource · Wikimedia Commons · Wikinews · Wikiversity Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama (1981–2000)
On Golden Pond – Bruce Gilbert (1981) · E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial – Steven Spielberg (1982) · Terms of Endearment – James L. Brooks (1983) · Amadeus – Saul Zaentz (1984) · Out of Africa – Sydney Pollack (1985) · Platoon – Arnold Kopelson (1986) · The Last Emperor – Jeremy Thomas (1987) · Rain Man – Mark Johnson (1988) · Born on the Fourth of July – A. Kitman Ho (1989) · Dances with Wolves – Jim Wilson (1990) · Bugsy – Warren Beatty (1991) · Scent of a Woman – Martin Brest (1992) · Schindler's List – Steven Spielberg (1993) · Forrest Gump – Wendy Finerman (1994) · Sense and Sensibility – Lindsay Doran (1995) · The English Patient – Saul Zaentz (1996) · Titanic – James Cameron (1997) · Saving Private Ryan – Ian Bryce (1998) · American Beauty – Bruce Cohen (1999) · Gladiator – David Franzoni (2000)
Complete List · (1951–1960) · (1961–1980) · (1981–2000) · (2001–2020) Golden Bear-winning films – 1980–1999
Heartland (1980) · Palermo or Wolfsburg (1980) · Deprisa, Deprisa (1981) · Veronika Voss (1982) · Ascendancy (1983) · La colmena (1983) · Love Streams (1984) · Die Frau und der Fremde (1985) · Wetherby (1985) · Stammheim (1986) · The Theme (1987) · Red Sorghum (1988) · Rain Man (1989) · Music Box (1990) · Larks on a String (1990) · La casa del sorriso (1991) · Grand Canyon (1992) · Woman Sesame Oil Maker (1993) · The Wedding Banquet (1993) · In the Name of the Father (1994) · L'Appât (1995) · Sense and Sensibility (1996) · The People vs. Larry Flynt (1997) · Central Station (1998) · The Thin Red Line (1999)
Films directed by Barry Levinson 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010sYou Don't Know Jack (2010) • Gotti (2013)
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Look at other dictionaries:
Rain Man — Données clés Réalisation Barry Levinson Scénario Barry Morrow (histoire et adaptation), Ronald Bass (adaptation) Acteurs principaux Dustin Hoffman Tom Cruise Valeria Golino Pays d’origine … Wikipédia en Français
Rain man — Réalisation Barry Levinson Acteurs principaux Dustin Hoffman Tom Cruise Valeria Golino Scénario Barry Morrow (histoire et adaptation), Ronald Bass (adaptation) Musique Hans Zimmer Photographie John Seale … Wikipédia en Français
Rain Man — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Rain man Título Rain man Ficha técnica Dirección Barry Levinson Producción Mark Johnson Gail Mutrux Peter Guber Jon Peters … Wikipedia Español
Rain Man — ● Título original:Rain Man ● País:Estados Unidos ● Año:1988 ● Duración:133 min. ● Color:color. ● Producción:Mark Johnson, Gail Mutrux, Peter Guber, Jon Peters ● Dirección:Barry Levinson ● Guión:Ronald Bass, Barry Morrow ● Fotografía:John Seale ●… … Enciclopedia Universal
Rain Man — Comédie dramatique de Barry Levinson, avec Dustin Hoffman, Tom Cruise, Valeria Golino. Pays: États Unis Date de sortie: 1988 Technique: couleurs Durée: 2 h 13 Prix: Oscars (1988): meilleur film, meilleur metteur en scène (Barry… … Dictionnaire mondial des Films
Rain Man — [Rain Man] a US film (1988) which won four ↑Oscars, directed by Barry Levinson. It is about the relationship between two brothers, one of whom is ↑autistic (= suffering from a serious mental condition which makes him unable to communicate… … Useful english dictionary
Rain Man — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel Rain Man Produktionsland USA … Deutsch Wikipedia
Rain Man — … Википедия
Rain Man — a US film (1988) which won four Oscars, directed by Barry Levinson. It is about the relationship between two brothers, one of whom is autistic (= suffering from a serious mental condition which makes him unable to communicate properly). The two… … Universalium
rain man — noun a) An autistic, or mentally and/or socially impaired person. b) A non autistic or impaired person whose mannerisms are similar to such people … Wiktionary