Rain Man

Rain Man

Theatrical release poster
Directed by Barry Levinson
Produced by Mark Johnson
Screenplay by Barry Morrow
Ronald Bass
Story by Barry Morrow
Starring Dustin Hoffman
Tom Cruise
Valeria Golino
Music by Hans Zimmer
Cinematography John Seale
Editing by Stu Linder
Distributed by United Artists
Release date(s) December 16, 1988 (1988-12-16)
Running time 133 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Italian
Budget $25 million
Box office $354,825,435

Rain Man is a 1988 drama film written by Barry Morrow and Ronald Bass and directed by Barry Levinson. It tells the story of an abrasive and selfish yuppie, Charlie Babbitt, who discovers that his estranged father has died and bequeathed all of his multimillion-dollar estate to his other son, Raymond, an autistic savant of whose existence Charlie was unaware.

The film stars Dustin Hoffman as Raymond Babbitt, Tom Cruise as Charlie Babbitt and Valeria Golino as Charlie's girlfriend, Susanna. Morrow created the character of Raymond after meeting Kim Peek, a real-life savant; his characterization was based on both Peek and Bill Sackter, a good friend of Morrow who was the subject of Bill, an earlier film that Morrow wrote.[1] Rain Man received overwhelmingly positive reviews at the time of its release, praising Hoffman's role and the wit and sophistication of the screenplay.

The film won four Oscars at the 61st Academy Awards (March 1989), including Best Picture, Best Original Screenplay, Best Director, and Best Actor in a leading role for Hoffman. Its crew received an additional four nominations.[2] The film also won the Golden Bear at the 39th Berlin International Film Festival.[3]

Contents

Plot

Charlie Babbitt (Tom Cruise), a Los Angeles car dealer in his mid-twenties, is in the middle of importing four grey market Lamborghinis. The deal is being threatened by the EPA, and if Charlie cannot meet its requirements he will lose a significant amount of money. After some quick subterfuge with an employee, Charlie leaves for a weekend trip to Palm Springs with his girlfriend, Susanna (Valeria Golino).

Charlie's trip is cancelled by news that his estranged father, Sanford Babbitt, has died. Charlie travels to Cincinnati, Ohio, to settle the estate, where he learns an undisclosed trustee is inheriting $3 million on behalf of an unnamed beneficiary, while all he is to receive is a classic Buick Roadmaster convertible and several prize rose bushes. Eventually he learns the money is being directed to a mental institution, which is the home of his brother with autism, Raymond (Dustin Hoffman), of whose existence Charlie was previously unaware. This leads Charlie to ask the question that permeates the movie: "Why didn't somebody tell me I had a brother?"

Although Raymond has autism, he also has superb recall, albeit usually with little understanding of the subject matter, and extreme skill in mathematics. He is said to be a savant by some doctors. He is frightened by change and adheres to strict routines (for example, his continual repetition of the "Who's on First?" sketch). Except when he is in distress, he shows little emotional expression and avoids eye contact. Numbed by learning that he has a brother and determined to get what he believes is his fair share of the Babbitt estate, Charlie takes Raymond on what becomes a cross-country car trip (due to Raymond's fear of flying) back to Los Angeles to meet with his attorneys. Charlie intends to start a custody battle in order to get Raymond's doctor, Dr. Gerald R. Bruner (Jerry Molen), to settle out of court for half of Sanford Babbitt's estate so that the mental institution can maintain custody of Raymond. Susanna, disgusted by Charlie's self-centeredness and his attempts at using his brother as a pawn to gain the money, leaves Charlie in Cincinnati and disappears.

During the course of the journey, Charlie learns about Raymond's autism, which he initially believes is curable — resulting in his frequent frustration with his brother's antics. He also learns about how his brother came to be separated from his family, as a result of an accident when he was left alone with Charlie when Charlie was a baby. Raymond also sings "I Saw Her Standing There" by The Beatles like he did when Charlie was young, prompting Charlie to realize that Raymond is the protective figure from his childhood, whom he falsely remembered as an imaginary friend named "Rain Man." Charlie proves to be sometimes shallow and exploitative, as when he learns that Raymond has an excellent memory and takes him to Las Vegas to win money at blackjack by counting cards. However, towards the end of their trip Charlie finds himself becoming protective of Raymond, and grows to truly love him.

Charlie finally meets with his attorney to try to get his share of his inheritance, but then decides that he no longer cares about the money and really just wants to have custody of his brother. However, at a meeting with a court-appointed psychiatrist and Dr. Bruner, Raymond is unable to decide exactly what he wants. Eventually, the psychiatrist presses Raymond to make the decision, upsetting him and leading Charlie to request that the doctor back off. Raymond is allowed to go back home to Cincinnati. Charlie, who has gained a new brother and mellowed considerably, promises Raymond as he boards an Amtrak train that he will visit in two weeks.

Production

A now-abandoned gas station and general store in Cogar, Oklahoma was used in a scene from the film.

Roger Birnbaum was the first studio executive to give the film a green-light; he did so immediately after Barry Morrow pitched the story. Birnbaum received "special thanks" in the film's credits.[2]

Agents at CAA sent the script to Hoffman and Bill Murray, envisioning Murray in the title role and Hoffman in the role eventually portrayed by Cruise.[1] Martin Brest, Steven Spielberg, and Sydney Pollack were directors also involved in the film.[4]

Principal photography included nine weeks of filming on location.[5]

Almost all of the principal photography occurred during the 1988 Writers Guild of America strike; one key scene that was affected by the lack of writers was the film's final scene.[1] Bass delivered his last rough cut of the script only hours before the strike started and spent no time on the set.[4]

Release

Critical reception

Rain Man was overall positively received by critics. It garnered an 87% approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes with an average score of 7.7/10.[6] Vincent Canby of The New York Times called Rain Man a "becomingly modest, decently thought-out, sometimes funny film"; Hoffman's performance was a "display of sustained virtuosity . . . [which] makes no lasting connections with the emotions. Its end effect depends largely on one's susceptibility to the sight of an actor acting nonstop and extremely well, but to no particularly urgent dramatic purpose."[7] Canby considered the "film's true central character" to be "the confused, economically and emotionally desperate Charlie, beautifully played by Mr. Cruise."[7]

Amy Dawes of Variety wrote that "one of the year's most intriguing film premises ... is given uneven, slightly off-target treatment"; she calls the road scenes "hastily, loosely written, with much extraneous screen time," but admired the last third of the film, calling it a depiction of "two very isolated beings" who "discover a common history and deep attachment."[5]

One of the film's harshest reviews came from New Yorker magazine critic Pauline Kael: "Everything in this movie is fudged ever so humanistically, in a perfunctory, low-pressure way. And the picture has its effectiveness: people are crying at it. Of course they're crying at it — it's a piece of wet kitsch."[8]

Commercial performance

Rain Man debuted on December 16, 1988, and was the second on the weekend's box office receipts (behind Twins), with $7 million.[9] It reached the first spot on the December 30–January 2 weekend, finishing 1988 with $42 million.[10] The film would end up as the highest-grossing film of 1988 with $172 million .[11]

Awards

Rain Man won Academy Awards for Best Picture, Best Actor in a Leading Role (Dustin Hoffman), Best Director, and Best Writing, Original Screenplay. It was nominated for Best Art Direction-Set Decoration (Ida Random, Linda DeScenna), Best Cinematography (John Seale), Best Film Editing, and Best Music, Original Score.[12]

The film also won a People's Choice Award as the "Favorite Dramatic Motion Picture".[2] At the 39th Berlin International Film Festival, the film won the Golden Bear award.[3]

Effect on popular culture

Rain Man's portrayal of the main character's condition has been seen as inaugurating a common and incorrect media stereotype that people on the autism spectrum typically have savant skills, and references to Rain Man, in particular Dustin Hoffman's performance, have become a popular shorthand for autism and savantism. However, Rain Man has also been seen as dispelling a number of other misconceptions about autism and improving public awareness of the failure of many agencies to accommodate autistic people and make use of the abilities they do have, regardless of whether they are savant skills.[13]

The film is also known for popularizing the misconception that card counting is illegal in the United States.[14]

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rain Man — Données clés Réalisation Barry Levinson Scénario Barry Morrow (histoire et adaptation), Ronald Bass (adaptation) Acteurs principaux Dustin Hoffman Tom Cruise Valeria Golino Pays d’origine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rain man — Réalisation Barry Levinson Acteurs principaux Dustin Hoffman Tom Cruise Valeria Golino Scénario Barry Morrow (histoire et adaptation), Ronald Bass (adaptation) Musique Hans Zimmer Photographie John Seale …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rain Man — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Rain man Título Rain man Ficha técnica Dirección Barry Levinson Producción Mark Johnson Gail Mutrux Peter Guber Jon Peters …   Wikipedia Español

  • Rain Man — ● Título original:Rain Man ● País:Estados Unidos ● Año:1988 ● Duración:133 min. ● Color:color. ● Producción:Mark Johnson, Gail Mutrux, Peter Guber, Jon Peters ● Dirección:Barry Levinson ● Guión:Ronald Bass, Barry Morrow ● Fotografía:John Seale ●… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rain Man —    Comédie dramatique de Barry Levinson, avec Dustin Hoffman, Tom Cruise, Valeria Golino.   Pays: États Unis   Date de sortie: 1988   Technique: couleurs   Durée: 2 h 13   Prix: Oscars (1988): meilleur film, meilleur metteur en scène (Barry… …   Dictionnaire mondial des Films

  • Rain Man — [Rain Man] a US film (1988) which won four ↑Oscars, directed by Barry Levinson. It is about the relationship between two brothers, one of whom is ↑autistic (= suffering from a serious mental condition which makes him unable to communicate… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Rain Man — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel Rain Man Produktionsland USA …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rain Man — …   Википедия

  • Rain Man — a US film (1988) which won four Oscars, directed by Barry Levinson. It is about the relationship between two brothers, one of whom is autistic (= suffering from a serious mental condition which makes him unable to communicate properly). The two… …   Universalium

  • rain man — noun a) An autistic, or mentally and/or socially impaired person. b) A non autistic or impaired person whose mannerisms are similar to such people …   Wiktionary

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