Pinerolo

Infobox CityIT
img_coa = Italy Pinerolo coat.png official_name = Comune di Pinerolo
name = Pinerolo
mapx =44.97
mapy=7.34
region = Piedmont
province = Turin (TO)
elevation_m = 376
area_total_km2 = 50
population_as_of = December 31, 2004
population_total = 34264
population_density_km2 = 665
timezone = CET, UTC+1
coordinates = coord|44|53|N|07|20|E
frazioni = Abbadia Alpina, Baudenasca, Riva di Pinerolo, Talucco
telephone = 0121
postalcode = 10064
gentilic = Pinerolesi
saint = San Donato
day = Monday after last Sunday of August
mayor = Paolo Covato
website = [http://www.comune.pinerolo.to.it www.comune.pinerolo.to.it]

Pinerolo is a town and commune in north-western Italy, 40 kilometres southwest of Turin on the river Chisone.

History

In the Middle Ages, the town of Pinerolo was one of the main crossroads in Italy, and was therefore one of the principal fortresses of the dukes of Savoy. Its military importance was the origin of the well-known military school that still exists today. The fortress of Fenestrelle is nearby.

The earliest mention of Pinerolo is in the tenth century, when it belonged to the March of Turin and was governed by the abbot nullius of Pinerolo who ran the abbey of Abbadia Alpina , even after the city had established itself as a municipality (1247) under the government of Thomas Savoy. From 1235, Amadeus IV of Savoy exercised over the town a kind of protectorate which became absolute in 1243, and was continued thereafter either by the house of Savoy, or of Savoy-Acaia. When French troops invaded Piedmont (1536), Pinerolo was conquered and it remained under their control until 1574.

With the treaty of Cherasco it again fell to France (1631), and it remained under French rule until restored to the house of Savoy by the treaty of Turin, at the same time withdrawing from the league against Louis XIV.

Main sights

*the "Cathedral" dates from the 9th century, and has an attractive bell tower
*church of "San Maurizio", in Gothic style.

Notable Pinerolesi

People born in Pinerolo include:
* Lidia Poët (born 1855), the first Italian female lawyer and an important figure in female emancipation
* Luigi Facta (1861 – 1930), politician, journalist and last Prime Minister of Italy before the dictatorship of Benito Mussolini
* Ferruccio Parri (1890 – 1981), partisan and politician who served as Prime Minister of Italy for several months in 1945

Trivia

*It hosted Curling events at the 2006 Winter Olympics.
*The "Man in the Iron Mask" was imprisoned in Pinerolo.
*The Montevideo football team Peñarol takes its name from this town.
*The Marquis of Belle-Ile was imprisoned in Pinerol.

Twin cities

*flagicon|France Gap, France, since 1963
*flagicon|Germany Traunstein, Germany, since 1986
*flagicon|Argentina San Francisco, Argentina, since 1996
*flagicon|Bosnia and Herzegovina Derventa, Bosnia and Herzegovina, since 2005

ee also

* Diocese of Pinerolo




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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pinerolo — Vorlage:Infobox Gemeinde in Italien/Wartung/Wappen fehlt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pinerolo — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pinerolo Archivo:Pinerolo Stemma.png Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pinerolo — Pinerolo,   Stadt in der Provinz Turin, Piemont, Italien, am Fuß der Alpen, 376 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 35 100 Einwohner; Bischofssitz; Papier , Textil , elektrotechnische, Nahrungsmittel , chemische Industrie, Maschinenbau.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Pinerōlo — (franz. Pignerol), Kreishauptstadt in der ital. Provinz Turin, 376 m ü. M., am Ausgang des Alpentals des Chisone, an der Eisenbahn Turin Torre Pellice und den Dampfstraßenbahnen P. Bivio Cumiana Turin, P. Fenestrelle und P. Saluzzo, Bischofssitz …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pinerōlo — (fr. Pignĕrol), 1) früher Provinz in dem sardinischen Fürstenthum Piemont, an Frankreich grenzend; 25 QM., 116,000 Ew.; gehört jetzt zur Division Turin u. bildet eine Provinz mit 133,300 Ew.; 2) Stadt darin, am Clusone (Chisone),[143] am Ausgang… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Pinerolo — Pinerōlo, Stadt in der ital. Prov. Turin, am Austritt des Chisone aus den Alpen, (1901) 18.250 E.; Fabrikation von Seiden und Baumwollwaren, Handel. Bis 1713 wichtige Festung, 1536 74, 1631 93, 1801 14 französisch …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pinerolo — • Diocese near Turin in Italy Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pinerolo — Pignerol Pignerol Ajouter une image Administration Nom italien Pinerolo Pays  Italie Région …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pinerolo — ▪ Italy       town, Piemonte ( Piedmont) regione, northwestern Italy. It lies at the entrance to the Valle del Chisone, at the foot of the Alps, southwest of Turin. First mentioned in 996 as a possession of Turin, it belonged to the nearby… …   Universalium

  • Pinerolo — Original name in latin Pinerolo Name in other language Penarol, Pearol, Pignerol, Pinareul, Pinerolo, pineroro, Пинероло State code IT Continent/City Europe/Rome longitude 44.88333 latitude 7.35 altitude 354 Population 34360 Date 2012 02 15 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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