Amoscanate

Amoscanate
Identifiers
CAS number 26328-53-0
PubChem 33488
ChemSpider 30904 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:38944 YesY
ChEMBL CHEMBL93385 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Image 2
Properties
Molecular formula C13H9N3O2S
Molar mass 271.29 g mol−1
Melting point

204–206 °C

 YesY (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Amoscanate (INN), also known as nithiocyamine, is an experimental anthelmintic agent of the arylisothiocyanate class which was found to be highly effective in animals against the four major species of schistosomes which infect humans,[1] and is also highly active against hookworm infection.[2][3] However, significant liver toxicity was seen in lab animals at higher doses. The ether analogue of amoscanate, nitroscanate, is used in veterinary medicine as an anthelmintic.

Amoscanate was developed by Ciba.[4][5]

References

  1. ^ Shapiro TA, Were JB, Talalay P, et al. (September 1986). "Clinical evaluation of amoscanate in healthy male volunteers". Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 35 (5): 945–53. PMID 3766854. http://www.ajtmh.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=3766854. 
  2. ^ Doshi JC, Vaidya AB, Sen HG, Mankodi NA, Nair CN, Grewal RS (July 1977). "Clinical trials of a new anthelmintic, 4-isothiocyanato-4'-nitrodiphenylamine (C.9333-Go/CGP 4540), for the cure of hookworm infection". Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 26 (4): 636–9. PMID 889004. http://www.ajtmh.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=889004. 
  3. ^ Singh DS, Bala-Subramaniam R, Bhatia VN, Kumar V, Chandrasekar S (1981). "Study of the efficacy of compound Go.9333 (Ciba-Geigy) in hookworm infestation". Chemotherapy 27 (3): 220–3. doi:10.1159/000237981. PMID 7014129. 
  4. ^ Vaidya AB, Sen HG, Mankodi NA, Paul T, Sheth UK (August 1977). "Phase 1 tolerability and searching dose studies with 4-isothiocyanato-4'-nitrodiphenylamine (C.9333-Go/CGP 4540), a new anthelmintic". Br J Clin Pharmacol 4 (4): 463–7. PMC 1429051. PMID 901739. http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1429051. 
  5. ^ Sharma S (1987). "Helminth diseases". In Jucker E (ed.). Progress in Drug Research. 31. Boston: Birkhauser. ISBN 3-7643-1837-6. http://books.google.com/books?id=gx6dwxmlQwMC&pg=PA23&dq=amoscanate&lr=&sig=ACfU3U2tByZxa6-nDwHVl2UgdU9JYhZ1Qg.  Retrieved on September 10, 2008 through Google Book Search.