Cleveland Heights, Ohio


Cleveland Heights, Ohio
Cleveland Heights, Ohio
—  City  —
Location of Cleveland Heights in Ohio
Location of Cleveland Heights in Cuyahoga County
Coordinates: 41°30′35″N 81°33′48″W / 41.50972°N 81.56333°W / 41.50972; -81.56333Coordinates: 41°30′35″N 81°33′48″W / 41.50972°N 81.56333°W / 41.50972; -81.56333
Country United States
State Ohio
County Cuyahoga
Government
 - Mayor Edward J. Kelley
 - City manager Robert C. Downey
Area
 - Total 8.1 sq mi (21.0 km2)
 - Land 8.1 sq mi (21.0 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation[1] 935 ft (285 m)
Population (2010)
 - Total 46,121
 - Density 6,160.2/sq mi (2,378.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 216
FIPS code 39-16014[2]
GNIS feature ID 1048605[1]
Website http://www.clevelandheights.com/
Historical populations
Census Pop.
1910 2,955
1920 15,236 415.6%
1930 50,945 234.4%
1940 54,992 7.9%
1950 59,141 7.5%
1960 61,813 4.5%
1970 60,767 −1.7%
1980 56,438 −7.1%
1990 54,052 −4.2%
2000 49,958 −7.6%
2010 46,121 −7.7%

Cleveland Heights is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States, a suburb of Cleveland. The city's population was 46,121 at the 2010 census.

Contents

Geography

Cleveland Heights is located at 41°30′35″N 81°33′48″W / 41.50972°N 81.56333°W / 41.50972; -81.56333 (41.509652, -81.563301).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.1 square miles (21 km2), of which 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2), or 0.25%, is water. Cleveland Heights is mostly within the Dugway Brook Watershed.

History

The area that is now Cleveland Heights was settled by Euro-American farmers later than most of Cuyahoga County. The first road through what is today the city, Mayfield Road, was not built until 1828. Besides farms the area also had quarries in the 19th century.

One of the early quarries was established by Duncan McFarland that mined bluestone. This led to the settlement that grew up around the quarry for the works to live in to be referred to as Bluestone. There is still a road of this name in that area.

John D. Rockefeller arrived in what is today Cleveland Heights in 1873. He had a large estate of 700 acres (2.8 km2) and in 1938 donated the land of what is now Forest Hill Park that straddles the boundaries of Cleveland Heights and East Cleveland. There had been quarries within what is today Forest Hill Park previous to Rockefeller donating it to the city.

Rockefeller was not the only affluent Clevelander to come to what is now Cleveland Heights. The Euclid Heights development was created by Patrick Calhoun starting in 1892. It was centered around the Euclid Golf Course and began at the Cleveland city line, covering the area between Mayfield Road and Cedar Road as far east as Coventry Road. There was a streetcar line from this location running into the center of Cleveland's business district.

In 1898 Marcus M. Brown began the development of Mayfield Heights along the north side of Mayfield Road just beyond the Cleveland boundary and to take advantage of the Mayfield Road streetcar. Brown had purchased this land from Emil Preyer and his sister Mary Preyer Hellwig. Emil had operated a cedar mill.

By the end of 1899 the streetcar reached out along Mayfield Road to the old village of Fairmount. In 1903 the village of Cleveland Heights was incorporated.[4]

In 1910 Cleveland Heights had a population about 5,000 people. It had a population of 15,396 in 1920 and was incorporated as a city on August 9, 1921. By 1960 it had a population of 61,813.[5]

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 49,958 people, 20,913 households, and 12,171 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,160.2 people per square mile (2,378.4/km²). There were 21,798 housing units at an average density of 2,687.9 per square mile (1,037.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 52.50% White, 41.78% African American, 0.16% Native American, 2.56% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 2.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.58% of the population.

There were 20,913 households out of which 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.2% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.8% were non-families. 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 31.6% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 87.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $46,731, and the median income for a family was $58,028. Males had a median income of $41,787 versus $32,413 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,804. About 7.4% of families and 10.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.6% of those under age 18 and 15.2% of those age 65 or over.

Politics and government

Cleveland Heights is governed by a city charter adopted in 1921 and amended in 1972, 1982 and 1986. The charter specifies a council-manager form of government, with seven members of council elected to four year terms. Four members of Council are elected the year following a presidential election, and three the year following a gubernatorial election. All are elected using plurality at-large non-partisan voting. The mayor is elected by council from among its members and has additional duties including parliamentary and ceremonial responsibilities.

Cleveland Heights is reliably Democratic. All seven members of Council are Democrats. In the 2008 presidential election, Barack Obama defeated John McCain 84.2%-15.0%, while in the 2004 presidential election, John Kerry defeated George W. Bush 80.8%-18.8% in the city. All of Cleveland Heights is in the 11th congressional district, a seat currently held by Marcia Fudge, elected in a special election following the death of Rep. Stephanie Tubbs Jones.

The current City Council is composed of the mayor Edward J. Kelley, Kenneth Montlack, Phyllis L. Evans, Jason S. Stein, Bonita W. Caplan, Dennis R. Wilcox, and Cheryl L. Stephens.[6]

Education

Public education in the city of Cleveland Heights is provided by two school districts. Most of the city is served by the Cleveland Heights-University Heights City School District, while a small portion located on the northwest side of the city lies within the East Cleveland City School District.

Several private schools are located within the city, including Beaumont School, Lutheran High School East, Horizon Montessori, Ruffing Montessori, Hebrew Academy of Cleveland, Saint Ann School, and Mosdos Ohr Hatorah.

Surrounding communities

Sister cities

Russia Novgorod, Russia
Russia Volzhsky, Russia

See also

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Cleveland Heights — city in NE Ohio: suburb of Cleveland: pop. 50,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Cleveland Heights — a city in NE Ohio, near Cleveland. 56,438. * * * ▪ Ohio, United States       city, residential suburb 6 miles (10 km) east of downtown Cleveland, Cuyahoga county, northeastern Ohio, U.S. Located at the extreme western edge of the Appalachian… …   Universalium

  • Cleveland Heights — Cleve′land Heights′ n. geg a city in NE Ohio, near Cleveland. 53,930 …   From formal English to slang


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