Jaroslav Jan Pelikan (
17 December 1923– 13 May 2006) was one of the world's leading scholars in the history of Christianityand medieval intellectual history.
Before he turned three, his mother had taught him to use the typewriter, as he could not yet hold a pen. His facility with languages (he is thought to have had a command of at least a dozen different tongues) may be traced to his multilingual childhood and early training. That linguistic facility was to serve him well in the career he ultimately chose (after first contemplating becoming a concert pianist)--that of the 20th century's preeminent historian of Christian doctrine, not confining his studies to Roman and Protestant theological history, but embracing also that of the Orthodox East.
He earned both a seminary degree from
Concordia Seminaryin St. Louis and a Ph.D. at the University of Chicagoin 1946 when he was 22
Writings and Interviews
Pelikan wrote more than 30 books, including his "magnum opus", the five volume "The Christian Tradition: A History of the Development of Doctrine" (1971-1989). Some of his later works attained crossover appeal, reaching beyond the scholarly sphere into the general reading public (notably, "Mary Through the Centuries", "Jesus Through the Centuries" and "Whose Bible Is It?").
His 1984 book "The Vindication of Tradition" gave rise to one of his most most memorable and most often quoted one-liners. In an interview in
U.S. News & World Report(July 26, 1989), he said: “Tradition is the living faith of the dead; traditionalism is the dead faith of the living. Tradition lives in conversation with the past, while remembering where we are and when we are and that it is we who have to decide. Traditionalism supposes that nothing should ever be done for the first time, so all that is needed to solve any problem is to arrive at the supposedly unanimous testimony of this homogenized tradition.”
Yale University professor
Yale Universityin 1962 as the Titus Street Professor of Ecclesiastical History and in 1972 was named Sterling Professor of History, a position he held until achieving emeritus status in 1996. He served as acting dean and then dean of the Graduate School from 1973-78 and was the William Clyde DeVane Lecturer 1984-86 and again in the fall of 1995. Awards include the Graduate School's 1979 Wilbur Cross Medal and the Medieval Academy of America's 1985 Haskins Medal.
While at Yale, Pelikan won a whimsical contest sponsored by "Field & Stream" magazine for Ed Zern's column "Exit Laughing" to translate the motto of the Madison Avenue Rod, Gun, Bloody Mary & Labrador Retriever Benevolent Association ("Keep your powder, your trout flies and your martinis dry") into Latin. Pelikan's winning entry mentioned the martini first, but Pelikan explained that it seemed no less than fitting to have the apéritif come first. His winning entry:
Semper siccandae sunt: potio
Pulvis, et pelliculatio.
Pelikan was appointed to numerous leadership positions in American intellectual life. He was the immediate past president of the
American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 1983 the National Endowment for the Humanities selected him to deliver the 12th annual Jefferson Lecture in the Humanities, the highest honor conferred by the federal government for outstanding achievement in the humanities. He has been editor of the religion section of Encyclopedia Britannica, and in 1980 he founded the Council of Scholars at the Library of Congress.
Pelikan gave the 1992 – 1993
Gifford lecturesat the University of Aberdeen, which were published as the book "Christianity and Classical Culture".
Bill Clintonappointed Professor Pelikan to serve on the President's Committee on the Arts and Humanities. Dr. Pelikan received honorary degrees from 42 universities all over the world. At the age of 80, he was appointed scholarly director for the “Institutions of Democracy Project” at the Annenberg Foundation.
In 2004, having received the John W. Kluge Prize for Lifetime Achievement in the Human Sciences, an honor he shared with the French philosopher
Paul Ricoeur, Pelikan donated his award ($500,000) to Saint Vladimir’s Orthodox Theological Seminary, of which he was a trustee. At the ceremony, he quoted a leitmotif passage from Goethe that had moved him all his life: "Was du ererbt von deinen Vaetern hast, Erwirb es um es zu besitzen" -- "Take what you have inherited from your fathers and work to make it your own."
Lutheran pastor to Orthodox layman
For most of his life Pelikan belonged to the Lutheran Church, and he was ordained a pastor therein, but in 1998 he and his wife Sylvia were received into the
Orthodox Christian Churchin St Vladimir’s Seminary Chapel. Members of Pelikan’s family remember him saying that he had not as much converted to Orthodoxy as "returned to it, peeling back the layers of my own belief to reveal the Orthodoxy that was always there." [cite journal | last = George| first = Timothy | title = Delighted by doctrine | journal = Christian History & Biography | issue = 91 | pages = 43–45 | publisher = Christianity Today International | date = Summer 2006 ]
Pelikan died in
Hamden, Connecticut, at the age of 82 after a battle with lung cancer. He was honored by a memorial service in Yale's Battell Chapelon 10 October 2006 with speeches by distinguished scholars and a musical performance by cellist Yo-Yo Ma. It was reported that, before Pelikan died, he delivered the last in a lifelong series of memorable aphorisms: "If Christ is risen, nothing else matters. And if Christ is not risen -- nothing else matters."
*"Acts" (2006) Brazos Press, ISBN 1-58743-094-0. A theological Bible commentary
*"Bach Among the Theologians" (1986), Philadelphia: Fortress Press, ISBN 0-8006-0792-9
*"The Christian Tradition: A History of the Development of Doctrine", 5 vols. (1973–1990). Chicago: University of Chicago Press
**"Volume 1: The Emergence of the Catholic Tradition 100–600" (1973) ISBN 0-226-65371-4
**"Volume 2: The Spirit of Eastern Christendom 600–1700" (1974) ISBN 0-226-65373-0
**"Volume 3: The Growth of Medieval Theology 600–1300" (1978) ISBN 0-226-65375-7
**"Volume 4: Reformation of Church and Dogma 1300–1700" (1984) ISBN 0-226-65377-3
**"Volume 5: Christian Doctrine and Modern Culture since 1700" (1990) ISBN 0-226-65380-3
*"Christianity and Classical Culture: The Metamorphosis of Natural Theology in the Christian Encounter with Hellenism" (1993)
Gifford lecturesat Aberdeen, Yale U. Press, ISBN 0-300-06255-9
*"Confessor Between East and West: A Portrait of Ukrainian Cardinal
*"Credo: Historical and Theological Guide to Creeds and Confessions of Faith in the Christian Tradition" (2003) Yale U. Press, ISBN 0-300-09388-8
*"Development of Christian Doctrine: Some Historical Prolegomena"
*"Divine Rhetoric: The Sermon on the Mount As Message and As Model in Augustine, Chrysostom, and Luther" (2000) St. Vladimir's Seminary Press, ISBN 0-88141-214-7
*"The Excellent Empire: The Fall of Rome and the Triumph of the Church"
*"Faust the Theologian" (1995) Yale U. Press, ISBN 0-300-07064-0
*"The Idea of the University: A Reexamination" (1992) Yale U. Press, ISBN 0-300-05834-9
*"The Illustrated Jesus Through the Centuries" (1997) Yale U. Press ISBN 0300072686
*"Interpreting the Bible and the Constitution" (2004) Yale U. Press ISBN 0-300-10267-4
*"Jesus Through the Centuries: His Place in the History of Culture" (1985) Yale U. Press, ISBN 0-300-07987-7
*"The Light of the World: A Basic Image in Early Christian Thought" (1962) Harper and Brothers, no ISBN
*Martin Luther's works (1955–1969) multiple volumes
*"Martin Luther's Basic Theological Writings"
*"Mary Through the Centuries: Her Place in the History of Culture" (1996) Yale U. Press, ISBN 0-300-07661-4
*"Mary: Images Of The Mother Of Jesus In Jewish And Christian Perspective"
*"The Melody of Theology: A Philosophical Dictionary" ISBN 0-674-56472-3
*"The Reformation of the Sixteenth Century" (Forward) ISBN 0-8070-1301-3
*"The Riddle of Roman Catholicism" (1959)
*"Sacred Writings: Buddhism – The Dhammapada" (1987) Book of the Month Club, no ISBN
*"Sacred Writings: Hinduism – The Rig Veda" (1992) Book of the Month Club, no ISBN
*"Sacred Writings: Islam – The Qur'an" (1992) editor, Book of the Month Club, no ISBN, in English with Arabic sub-text
*"The World Treasury of Modern Religious Thought" (1990), editor, hardcover: ISBN 0-316-69770-2, paperback: no ISBN issued
*"What Has Athens to Do with Jerusalem?: Timaeus and Genesis in Counterpoint" (1998) Thomas Spencer Jerome Lectures, University of Michigan Press, ISBN 0-472-10807-7
*"Whose Bible Is It? A History of the Scriptures Through the Ages" (2005) ISBN 0-670-03385-5
* [http://www.thelutheran.org/9805/page51d.html Article in the Lutheran Magazine]
* [http://www.loc.gov/loc/kluge/pelikan.html Announcement of Kluge Award]
* [http://www.svots.edu/Events/Summer-Institute/2003/readings/Pelikan-Legend.html Jaroslav Pelikan: The living legend in our midst. Article Rev John H. Erickson]
* [http://www.svots.edu/Faculty/John_H_Erickson_Category/In_Memory_of_Jaroslav_Pelikan In Memory of Jaroslav Pelikan - A Homily Delivered at His Funeral Vigil Service by Rev John H. Erickson]
* [http://jaroslavpelikan.blogspot.com Jaroslav Pelikan - Writings on the Web]
* [http://www.valpo.edu/cresset/pelikan.html The Cresset - Jaroslav Pelikan Archive]
NAME=Pelikan, Jaroslav Jan
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Historian of Christianity
DATE OF BIRTH=
PLACE OF BIRTH=Akron,
DATE OF DEATH=
PLACE OF DEATH=Hamden,
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