Pembroke College, Oxford
name = Pembroke College
university = Oxford
name_Latin = Collegium Pembrochianum
named_for = The Earl of Pembroke
established = 1624
sister_college = Queens' College
head_name = Master
JCR President = Caroline Daly
undergraduates = 402
MCR President = Edvard Glūcksman
graduates = 119
latitude = 51.750062
longitude = -1.257827
boat_club = [http://www.pembrokerowing.com/ Boat club]
homepage = [http://www.pmb.ox.ac.uk/ College home page]
Pembroke College is one of the constituent colleges of the
University of Oxfordin England, located in Pembroke Square. As of 2007, Pembroke had an estimated financial endowmentof £45.5 million. [Pembroke College Annual Report 2006/2007]
In the early
seventeenth century, the endowment of Thomas Tesdale- a merchant from nearby Abingdon - and Richard Wightwick- a clergyman from Berkshire- enabled the conversion of the Broadgates Hall, which had been a University hostel for law students since its construction in the fifteenth century, to form the basis of a fully fledged college. The letters patentto found the college were signed by King James I in 1624, with the college being named after William Herbert, 3rd Earl of Pembroke, Lord Chamberlainand then-Chancellor of the University. [cite web| url=http://www.pmb.ox.ac.uk/College/History/index.php| title=History - Pembroke College, University of Oxford| accessdate=2007-11-10]
Following its foundation, the college proceeded to expand around Broadgates, building what is now known as "Old Quad" in the 1600s. Built in stages through the seventeenth century out of the local Cotswold
limestone, space restrictions saw the south-side of the Quad built directly on top of the old City Wall. A Chapel was built in 1732, and the introduction of further accommodation and the Hall in the mid- nineteenth centurycreated "Chapel Quad" - widely considered one of the most beautiful Quads in the University.cite web| url=http://www.pmb.ox.ac.uk/College/Buildings/index.php| title=Buildings - Pembroke College, University of Oxford| accessdate=2007-11-10] The Chapel was designed and built by William Townsend, although the interior was dramatically redesigned by Charles Kempe- a Pembroke graduate - in 1884. Pembroke alumnus Dr. Damon Wells is a significant benefactor of the College over many years; he enabled the restoration of the Chapel in 1972, and continues to support the Chaplaincy and History Fellowship. The Chapel which is still used for regular worship bears his name. [cite web| url=http://www.pmb.ox.ac.uk/College/The_Chapel/Chapel_History.php| title=Chapel History - Pembroke College, University of Oxford| accessdate=2007-11-10]
The most recent expansion of the college came in the 1960s, after the closure of Beef Lane to the north of Chapel Quad. The private houses north of the closed road were acquired by the College in a piecemeal fashion and reversed so that access was only possible from the rear. The new area is now known as "North Quad", which was formally opened in 1962. A modern annex was built near to college on the banks of the Isis at Grandpont, provides accommodation for almost a hundred undergraduates, usually those in their final year. The building is commonly known as "The GAB", after being named after the diplomat
Sir Geoffrey Arthur- a former master of the college (1975-1985). [cite web| url=http://www.pmb.ox.ac.uk/College/Buildings/Geoffrey_Arthur_Building.php| title=Geoffrey Arthur Building - Pembroke College, Oxford| accessdate=2007-11-10] Samuel Johnsonwas one of the College's more famous alumni, though he did not complete his degree (he was later awarded an honorary degree by the University); lack of funds forced him to leave Oxford after about a year and a half. Two of his desks and various other possessions are displayed around the college. James Smithson, whose bequest founded the Smithsonian Institutionin Washington, D.C.(despite him never having visited the United States) was an undergraduate at Pembroke, under the name "James Lewis Macie" — he changed his name to that of his natural father after the death of his mother. Meanwhile Senator J. William Fulbright, who established the Fulbright Fellowships, was a Rhodes Scholarat Pembroke in the 1920s.
Although he had been an undergraduate at Exeter College, J.R.R. Tolkien was a
Fellowof Pembroke from 1925 to 1945, and wrote " The Hobbit" and the first two books of " The Lord of the Rings" during his time there.
Among the College's more recent Masters was
Roger Bannister, the first man to run the mile in under four minutes.
Pembroke was described by
John Betjeman, in "Summoned by Bells":
:How empty, creeper-grown and odd:Seems lonely Pembroke's second quad:Still, when I see it, do I wonder why:That college so polite and shy:Should have more character than Queen's:Or Univ, splendid in the High.
Coat of Arms
The arms of Pembroke College were granted by the College of Heralds on
14 February 1625, the formal blazondescribing it as:
azureand gulesthree Lyons rampant Argent, in a Cheife party per pale Argent and Or, in the first a Rose Gules, in second a Thistle of Scotland proper”.
Both James I, as founder of the college, and the Earl of Pembroke are commemorated in the arms. The former, representing the union of the crowns as James I of England and James VI of Scotland, is symbolised by the rose (of England) and the thistle (of Scotland). The three lions rampant are taken from the Earl’s personal coat arms.
Pembroke offers a broad range of courses, covering almost all the subject areas offered by the university. In particular, the college has had a strong involvement with
Management Studies, being the first traditional Oxford College to appoint a Fellowin the field. [http://www.pmb.ox.ac.uk/Students/Admissions/Courses/Economics_and_Management.php?courseId=7 Pembroke College Course Guide: Economics & Management] ] The college has maintained a close relationship with the Saïd Business Schooland with an intake of eight students per year, has more Economics & Management undergraduates than any other college.
The JCR and MCR
Pembroke is home to a JCR (undergraduate community) notable for its artistic wealth and sporting prowess. The JCR is the wealthiest in Oxford due to the purchase and sale of a
Francis Baconpainting in the early twentieth century (see below), and has used those funds to support a socially progressive student support scheme and an impressive artistic acquisition programme. The MCR is housed in a suite of historic rooms and is noted for its connections with a wide range of nations. Its current patron is Lord (John) Kerr, former head of the Foreign and Commonwealth Officeand Ambassador to the United States.
The college is also home to the Emery gallery and the JCR art fund, founded by the sale of a Francis Bacon painting for £400,000, which is empowered to make significant contemporary purchases for the college.
The college has a strong sporting reputation across the university. Recent years have seen the JCR achieve particular success at rugby, and
cricket, football, hockeyand darts. The MCR has been particularly strong at women's boxing, poloand cricket.
Pembroke College Boat Club is one of Oxford's strongest boat clubs, with the men's and women's boats currently sitting 2nd and 3rd on the river in Summer Eights respectively. The 2007 Men's VIII was made up of Fergus Barratt (cox), Will McFarland (stroke), Jonathan Ross, Christopher Morris, Mark Evans, Andy Roberts, Phillip Howard, Ari Freisinger, and James Gillies (bow). In 2003, Pembroke became the first college to win the "Double Headship Trophy" for having both men's and women's Eights head the river.
Notable former students
King Abdullah II of Jordan, current ruler of Jordan
Patience Agbabi, performance poet
Francis Beaumont, playwright
William Blackstone, jurist and barrister
Edmund Bonner, bishop, known as 'Bloody Bonner'
Thomas Browne, seventeenth-century author
William Camden, antiquarian and historian
Mary Creagh, Labour politician
Julian Critchley, journalist and Conservative politician
Denzil Davies, Labour politician
Maria Eagle, Labour government minister
J. William Fulbright, American Democratic Senator
Charles Hawtrey (19th century actor)
George Procter Hawtrey, actor and playwright
Michael Heseltine, former Conservative Deputy Prime Minister and publisher
Walter Isaacson, author and President and CEO of the Aspen Institute
Samuel Johnson, lexicographer, biographer, writer, poet
Roz Kaveney(as Andrew J. Kaveney), writer
Charles Kempe, Victorian stained glass designer.
John Kerr, Baron Kerr of Kinlochard, diplomat
Philip Lader, former American Ambassador to the UK, businessman
* Richard G. Lugar, American Republican Senator
Viktor Orbán, Hungarian Prime Minister 1998-2002
Tarik O'Regan, composer
John Pym, parliamentarian and critic of Charles I of England
* Radek Sikorski, Polish politician and current Minister of Foreign Affairs
James Smithson, mineralogist, benefactor of the Smithsonian Institution.
John Snagge, BBC newsreader and commentator
* The Rt Revd Thomas Shaun Stanage, DD, Anglican Bishop in South Africa
Samuel John Stone, Anglican clergyman and hymnwriter (" The Church's One Foundation")
Honeysuckle Weeks, actress
George Whitefield, leader of the Methodistmovement in the eighteenth century
:See also .
Academics, fellows, and teachers
"(The names of current members are followed by links to their College pages)"
R. G. Collingwood
John Eekelaar(F.B.A.) [http://www.pmb.ox.ac.uk/cgi-bin/profiles_academic.cgi?profileid=32 *]
Peter J. King[http://www.pmb.ox.ac.uk/cgi-bin/profiles_academic.cgi?profileid=247 *]
Martha Klein[http://www.pmb.ox.ac.uk/cgi-bin/profiles_academic.cgi?profileid=68 *]
* John Richard Krebs, Baron Krebs (F.R.S.)
Piers Mackesy, military historian, F.B.A.
Christopher Melchert[http://www.pmb.ox.ac.uk/cgi-bin/profiles_academic.cgi?profileid=82 *]
J. R. R. Tolkien
* Metropolitan Kallistos of Diokleia (
* [http://www.pmb.ox.ac.uk/ Pembroke College Website]
* [http://www.pembrokejcr.co.uk/ JCR Website]
* [http://www.pembrokemcr.com/ MCR Website]
* [http://www.pcbc.co.uk/ PCBC Website]
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