footnotes=Area & population from SCB as of December 31, 2006
Älvdalen Municipality ("Älvdalens kommun") is a municipality in
Dalarna Countyin central Sweden. Its seat is located in the town of Älvdalen.
The two parishes "Särna" and "Idre" were ceded to Sweden from
Norwayunder the treaty of Brömsebroon 13 August 1645. In 1971 the three municipalities "Särna", "Idre" (which itself had been split off from Särna in 1916) and "Älvdalen" were amalgamated to form the present municipality.
Älvdalen literally means "River Valley", a name stemming from the area around the town Älvdalen, situated along the
Österdal River, in the municipality's southern part.
The middle part of the coat of arms is meant to depict the landscape: streams and hills.
Geographically, it is considered divided into three parts. From north to south: the mountainous (fjäll) part, the
forestpart, and the valley (Älv) part.
The northern part is located within the
Scandinavian mountain range. It has cultural influences from the native sami people.
Idre, with about 800 inhabitants is a notable skiing resort.
This part has some high mountains including Storvätteshågna at 1,204 meters and "Städjan" at 1,131 m. The
Töfsingdalen National Parkis also located in the northernmost parts.
The forest part has forests, with the
national park Fulufjälletalso belonging to this part. Its influences come from it bordering to Norway, and its history has many examples and remains from its border conflicts. To symbolize this, the lower part of the coat of arms depict a crossbow. The point furthest away from any seas in Scandinaviais located here.
Särnais located along the Österdal River, with 930 inhabitants. Like Idre, its main industry is tourism. The town once belonged to Norway, but in 1644 it was occupied by 200 Swedish peasants, which in effect made it a Swedish town, although it was official granted first with new borders of 1751.
The southern area is populated by 5,000 persons, of whom most speak or understand the
Elfdalian(or "Övdalsk", "Älvdalsmål") dialect/language. It is an ancient tongue that may be closest related to the Old Norselanguage.
This area may be said to have the most interesting culture, with the town Älvdalen and several notable villages such as
Evertsberg, Blyberg, Klitten, Brunnsberg, Västermyckelängand Åsen.
* [http://www.alvdalen.se/ Älvdalen Municipality] – Official site
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