The Gresham Club was a
City of London gentlemen's club, founded in 1843 and dissolved in 1991.
Formation and membership
The Club was founded in 1843 as a dining club for the professional classes of the City of London, [http://www.history.ac.uk/gh/21.htm Guildhall Library Manuscripts Section 21: Clubs and Societies] at history.ac.uk (accessed 14 January 2008)] and named after Sir Thomas Gresham, a celebrated Elizabethan merchant who founded the Royal Exchange.
The club's first president was John Abel Smith (1802-1871),
member of parliamentfor Chichester.
In 1853, Charles Manby Smith located the Gresham Club as a stepping-stone in a successful Londoner's sequence of increasingly elite memberships. [Smith, Charles Manby, "Curiosities of London Life, or Phases, Physiological and Social of the Great Metropolis" (1853) online at [http://www.victorianlondon.org/publications/curiosities-32.htm Victorian London - Publications - Social Investigation/Journalism - Curiosities of London Life, or Phases, Physiological and Social of the Great Metropolis, by Charles Manby Smith, 1853: UNFASHIONABLE CLUBS] (accessed 14 January 2008)] - cquote|...from having been wise enough to join the grocer's Plum-pudding Club, they shall end by becoming prosperous enough to join the Whittington Club, or the Gresham Club, or the
Athenaeum Club, or the Travellers' Club; or the House of Commons, or the House of Lordseither.
In 1879, the entrance-fee was twenty guineas and the annual subscription six guineas.Charles Dickens Jr., "Dickens's Dictionary of London" (1879) quoted at [http://www.victorianlondon.org/entertainment/dickens-greshamclub.htm Victorian London - Directories - Dickens's Dictionary of London, by Charles Dickens, Jr., 1879 - "Gresham Club"] (accessed 14 January 2008)]
Charles Dickens, Jr, reported in "Dickens's Dictionary of London" (1879) - cquote|"Gresham Club is composed of merchants, bankers, and other gentlemen of known respectability. No candidate is eligible until he has attained the age of twenty-one years. Election by ballot of the members, of whom 30 must actually vote. One black ball in ten shall exclude. Entrance fee, £21; subscription, £6 6s".
The newly established club commissioned a club house at 1, King William Street, in the City of London, on the corner of St Swithin's Lane.'Bartholomew Lane and Lombard Street', Old and New London: Volume 1 (1878), pp. 522-530, online at [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=45063 british-history.ac.uk report 45063] (accessed 14 January 2008): "The first stone of the Gresham Club House, No. 1, King William Street, corner of St. Swithin's Lane, was laid in 1844, the event being celebrated by a dinner at the Albion Tavern, Aldersgate Street, the Lord Mayor, Sir William Magnay, in the chair. The club was at first under the presidency of John Abel Smith, Esq., M.P. The building was erected from the design of Mr. Henry Flower, architect."] The architect was Henry Flower, and the beginning of construction in 1844 was marked by a dinner at the Albion Tavern, at which Sir William Magnay,
Lord Mayor of London, presided. ["The Gresham Club House" in " Illustrated London News, February 17th, 1844.] John Timbswrote in 1855Timbs, John, "Curiosities of London: exhibiting the most rare and remarkable objects of interest in the metropolis; with nearly Fifty Years' Personal Recollections" (London, David Bogue, 1855), p. 195] - cquote|GRESHAM CLUB-HOUSE, St Swithin's-lane, King-William-street, City, was built in 1844, for the Club named after Sir Thomas Gresham, who founded the Royal Exchange. The Club consists chiefly of merchants and professional men. The style of the Club-house (H. Flower, architect) is Italian, from portions of two palaces in Venice.
The site of the first club house is now occupied by the main London office of
N M Rothschild & Sons. [ [http://www.rothschild.com/groupprivatebanking/?id=globallocations/UK Rothschild Global Locations:UK] at rothschild.com (accessed 14 January 2008)]
The club was reported to keep a fine wine-cellar. [Smith, Philippa, (ed.) [http://www.history.ac.uk/gh/newsletter4.htm Guildhall Library Manuscripts Section Electronic Newsletter, Issue No. 4 Summer 2006] (accessed 14 January 2008): "Not unexpectedly, the Vintners’ Company kept fine cellars, as did many other livery companies, the Gresham Club and Sion College."]
In 1913, a Mr L. Price, called 'the doyen of billiard stewards', achieved sixty years service with club, then housed in Gresham Place, London. ["The Billiard Monthly", January, 1914: Jottings of the Month: online at [http://www.eaba.co.uk/mags/bm/1914/01/jottingsOfTheMonth.html January, 1914: Jottings of the Month] (accessed 14 January 2008): "Mr L. Price, the doyen of billiard stewards, completed sixty years' service at the Gresham Club, Gresham Place, E.C. on the 9th November, 1913. No member is now living who was connected with the club when Mr Price entered its service in 1853.]
In 1915, the club moved to a new purpose-built club house at 15, Abchurch Lane, London EC4. [http://www.londoncapitalclub.com/about_us/35.cntns History] at londoncapitalclub.com (accessed 14 January 2008)] The club remained there until it came to an end in 1991.
Second World War, the gentlemen's clubs of London fell into a decline. [ [http://www.nd.edu/~ndlondon/londoncentre/history.htm University of Notre Dame London Centre] at nd.edu (accessed 14 January 2008)] The Gresham Club was "a faded place offering school dinners and port". [ [http://www.growthbusiness.co.uk/18456/part_2/network-your-way-to-the-top.thtml Growth Business, Monday 20th June 2005: Network your way to the top] at growthbusiness.co.uk (accessed 14 January 2008)] By 1991, its membership had fallen and the remaining members decided to dissolve the club.
On 23 October 1992, the "Gresham Club (In Dissolution)" was given a
listed buildingconsent to remove eleven glass chandeliers on the ground, first, and second floors of 15, Abchurch Lane. [http://www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/Corporation/our_services/development_planning/planning_apps/register/data/20/2092.htm Corporation of London: Extract from the Planning Register - Site Reference 2092] at cityoflondon.gov.uk (accessed 14 January 2008)]
The club's records were deposited in the
Guildhall Library, which under accession reference "L 24 MSS 28834-28864" holds papers for the years 1844-1845 and 1905-1991, described as: "minute books, subscription books, legal papers, financial papers, Staff Benevolent Fund accounts and misc papers". [ [http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/nra/searches/subjectView.asp?ID=O53446 Gresham Club, London] at nationalarchives.gov.uk (accessed 14 January 2008)]
Later use of the Abchurch Lane club house
On 18 February 1993, "Abchur Flat Gibr", represented by Wright Hassall & Co., Solicitors, of
Leamington Spa, was granted a certificate of lawful development for the use of the former club's premises at 15, Abchurch Lane, as "members licensed dining club for the purposes of dining drinking socialising and playing snooker".
In 1993, the club house was acquired by CCA Holdings, who found it in need of renovation and refurbishment. The development was funded by the International Club Company of
Hong Kong, founded in 1980 by Dieter Klostermann. [ [http://www.caterersearch.com/Articles/1994/01/27/5988/capital-club-targets-city.html Capital Club targets City] , dated 27 January 1994, at caterersearch.com (accessed 14 January 2008)] The company owns and operates many clubs around the world, including business men's clubs, golf and country clubs. [ [http://www.londoncapitalclub.com/reciprocal_clubs/33.cntns Reciprocal Clubs] londoncapitalclub.com (accessed 14 January 2008)]
On 21 October 1993, Capital Club of London Ltd was given a listed building consent for 15, Abchurch Lane, described as "Repairs and restoration of interior and exterior of building which is to be retained as members' dining club. Installation of new roof plant and screening" and also planning permission for "installation of roof plant and screen". The new interior was designed by Peter Inston. [ [http://www.caterersearch.com/Articles/1994/08/25/32389/secret.html Secret] at caterersearch.com (accessed 14 January 2008): "The Capital Club, a lush, business-oriented club opening in the City in September, is backed by a Far Eastern consortium, CCA International, that owns 170 clubs around the world. This is its first foray into Europe. Peter Inston, hotel stalwart, is designing the reworked interior of a five-storey 1915 building near Bank, that started life as the Gresham Club."]
London Capital Club
In September 1994, the building was re-opened as the London Capital Club, a private members' club with similarities to the old Gresham Club but a more modern approach and a different management structure. On the death of Sir Peter Parker in 2002,
Angela Knight, a former Economic Secretary to the Treasury, succeeded as the club's chairman. [ [http://www.apcims.co.uk/public/publications/qreview/jul02.pdf Q Review, July 2002] online at apcims.co.uk (accessed 14 January 2008)] The London Capital Club's entrance fee in 2007 was £625, plus a monthly subscription of £65. [ [http://www.londoncapitalclub.com/membership/19.cntns Membership] at londoncapitalclub.com (accessed 14 January 2008)]
The Gresham name survives in the new club's Gresham Room, which is used for dinners, receptions and meetings. [ [http://www.londoncapitalclub.com/private_rooms/24.cntns The Gresham Room] at londoncapitalclub.com (accessed 14 January 2008)]
Christof Biggeleben, a German doctoral student, is working on a thesis on "Entrepreneurs and Entrepreneurial Behaviour in Berlin and London, 1890-1961". The Centre for British Studies at the
Humboldt University of Berlinsays of his project: "Research concerning the London developments is currently under way. The most promising institutions include the London Chamber of Commerce (1881) and the most important City clubs such as the City of London Club and the Gresham Club. Interestingly enough, so far clubs in Berlin and London have not been the object of close historical study." [ [http://www2.hu-berlin.de/gbz/index2.html?/gbz/research/phd%20projects.htm Research Projects] at University of Berlin web site (accessed 14 January 2008)]
List of London's gentlemen's clubs
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