- Henry Acland
Sir Henry Wentworth Acland, 1st Baronet KCB was born on
23 August 1815in Killerton, Exeter, Devon, England. He was the fourth son of Sir Thomas Acland and Lydia Elizabeth Hoare. He died on 16 October 1900in Broad Street, London, England.
The fourth son of
Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, 10th Baronet, Henry Acland was an English physicianand educator. Educated at Harrow and at Christ Church, Oxford, he was elected fellow of All Souls College, Oxford, in 1840, and then studied medicine in Londonand Edinburgh. Returning to Oxford, he was appointed Lee's reader in anatomy at Christ Church in 1845, and in 1851 Radcliffe librarian and physician to the Radcliffe Infirmary.
Seven years later he became
Regius professor of medicine, a post which he retained till 1894. He was also a curator of the university galleries and of the Bodleian Library, and from 1858 to 1887 he represented his university on the General Medical Council, of which he served as president from 1874 to 1887. He was created a baronetin 1890, and ten years later he died at his house in Broad Street, Oxford(number 40 on the site of the new Bodleian Librarybuilding). He was made a Fellow of the Royal Societyin 1847. [ [http://royalsociety.org/downloaddoc.asp?id=4274 List of Fellows of the Royal Society, A - J] ]
Acland took a leading part in the revival of the Oxford medical school and in introducing the study of natural science into the university. As Lee's reader he began to form a collection of anatomical and physiological preparations on the plan of
John Hunter, and the establishment of the Oxford University Museum, opened in 1861, as a centre for the encouragement of the study of science, especially in relation to medicine, was largely due to his efforts. "To Henry Acland," said his lifelong friend, John Ruskin, "physiology was an entrusted gospel of which he was the solitary preacher to the heathen," but on the other hand his thorough classical training preserved science at Oxford from too abrupt a severance from the humanities. In conjunction with Dean Liddell, he revolutionized the study of art and archaeology, so that the cultivation of these subjects, for which, as Ruskin declared, no one at Oxford cared before that time, began to flourish in the university.
Acland was also interested in questions of public health. He served on the royal commission on sanitary laws in England and Wales in 1869, and published a study of the outbreak of
choleraat Oxford in 1854, together with various pamphlets on sanitary matters. His memoir on the topography of the Troad, with panoramic plan (1839), was among the fruits of a cruisewhich he made in the Mediterraneanfor the sake of his health.
His daughter subsequently lived in Park Town and was an early pioneer of colour photography. Some of her photographs are in collection of the
Museum of the History of Sciencein Broad Street, opposite the family home.
His son, Colonel
Alfred Dyke Aclandmarried Hon. Beatrice Danvers Smith, daughter of Rt. Hon. W. H. Smith of the Newsagents dynasty on 30 July 1885 and gained the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in 1910 in the service of the Royal 1st Devon Yeomanry (Territorial Army).
Acland Hospitalon the Banbury Roadin Oxford(now part of Keble College) was founded in memory of Acland's wife, Sarah.
Marriage and children
He married Sarah Cotton, daughter of William Cotton and Sarah Lane, on
14 July 1846. They had seven sons and a daughter:
AdmiralSir William Alison Dyke Acland, 2nd Baronet (1847-1924)
* Sarah Angelina Acland (1849-1930)
* Henry Dyke Acland (1850-1936)
* Theodore Dyke Acland (1851-1931), the father of
* Herbert Dyke Acland (1855-1877)
SirReginald Brodie Dyke Acland (1856-1924)
* Francis Edward Dyke Acland (1857-1943)
Alfred Dyke Acland(1858-1937)
* [http://www.headington.org.uk/oxon/people_lists/oxford_1852_gardners/o_p.htm Gardner's 1852 Directory for the City of Oxford] entry
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Acland Hospital — The Acland Hospital (also previously known as the Acland Nursing Home, Acland Home and the Sarah Acland Home for Nurses) was a private nursing home and hospital in central North Oxford, England, located in a prominent position at the southern end … Wikipedia
Acland — is an English surname. The Aclands of Devon (often Dyke Acland: see Acland Baronets, Dyke Acland Baronets) were an influential family.* Alexander Fuller Acland Hood, 1st Baron St Audries * Alexander Acland Hood * Alfred Dyke Acland (1858 1937),… … Wikipedia
Acland — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Christian Henrietta Caroline Acland (1750−1815), britische Offiziersgattin Henry Wentworth Acland (1815–1900), englischer Mediziner Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Henry Herbert, 2nd Earl of Carnarvon — Henry George Herbert, 2nd Earl of Carnarvon FSA (3 June 1772 ndash; 16 April 1833), styled Lord Porchester from 1794 to 1811, was a British peer and politician.Born in Hill Street in London, he was the son of the 1st Earl of Carnarvon and Lady… … Wikipedia
Henry Herbert, 3rd Earl of Carnarvon — Henry John George Herbert, 3rd Earl of Carnarvon FRS (June 8, 1800 December 10, 1849), known as Lord Porchester from 1811 to 1833, was an British writer, traveller and politician. Herbert was born in London, the eldest son of Henry George Herbert … Wikipedia
Acland Baronets — Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, 10th Baronet There have been four Baronetcies created for members of the Acland family, two in the Baronetage of England and two in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. The Acland Baronetcy, of Colum John in the County of … Wikipedia
Acland — This interesting surname is of Anglo Saxon origin, and is a locational name from places so called in Devonshire and Yorkshire. The place in Devonshire is from Acland Barton in Landkey, which was formerly recorded as Ackelane in the 13th Century,… … Surnames reference
ACLAND, SIR HENRY — regius professor of medicine in Oxford, accompanied the Prince of Wales to America in 1860, the author of several works on medicine and educational subjects, one of Ruskin s old and tried friends (1815) … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Sir William Acland, 2nd Baronet — Admiral Sir William Alison Dyke Acland, 2nd Baronet CVO JP DL (18 December 1847 ndash; 26 November 1924) was a Royal Navy admiral.Early lifeHe was the eldest son of Sir Henry Acland, 1st Baronet and Sarah Cotton.CareerHe rose to the rank of… … Wikipedia
Theodore Acland — Theodore William Gull Acland ARIC (7 November 1890 – 13 October 1960) was an English educationist who in later life became a clergyman of the Church of England.Background and early lifeAcland was the son of Theodore Dyke Acland MD (Oxon.) FRCP… … Wikipedia